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Osnova Charakteristika AIDS Charakteristika AIDS Historie Historie Význam slova AIDS Význam slova AIDS Charakteristika HIV Charakteristika HIV Průběh.

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Prezentace na téma: "Osnova Charakteristika AIDS Charakteristika AIDS Historie Historie Význam slova AIDS Význam slova AIDS Charakteristika HIV Charakteristika HIV Průběh."— Transkript prezentace:

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2 Osnova Charakteristika AIDS Charakteristika AIDS Historie Historie Význam slova AIDS Význam slova AIDS Charakteristika HIV Charakteristika HIV Průběh nemoci Průběh nemoci Léčba Léčba AIDS ve světě AIDS ve světě Organizace Organizace

3 Charakteristika AIDS -infekční onemocnění -smrtelné -ztráta obranyschopnosti -virový původ

4 Historie 1981 – 1. zmínky 1981 – 1. zmínky Los Angeles New York

5 Vznik názvu GRIDS → 4H → AIDS -Gay Related Immuno Deficiency Syndrome -Homosexuálové – Hemofilici – Heroinmani – Haiti -Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

6 VIRUS HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus = Lidský virus selhání imunity

7 Charakteristika HIV R. 1984: objeven R. Gallem Velikost viru: 1/ mm Zničí ho: 60 °C, dezinfekční prostředky Původ: Afrika, Kamerun

8 Přenos Nachází se v: krvi, spermatu, poševním sekretu, mateřském mléce Nenachází se v: potu, slinách, hlenu, moči, slzách

9 HIV+ podle způsobu přenosu

10 D Ě LENÍ HIV HIV HIV 1 – HIV 2 celosv ě tov ě rozší ř ený západ Afriky celosv ě tov ě rozší ř ený západ Afriky

11 Virus napadá bílé krvinky a ničí je → oslabování imunity → ztráta obranyschopnosti => AIDS

12 Bílá krvinka

13 Fáze HIV 1.: 3 – 6 týdnů od nákazy, příznaky podobné chřipce 1.: 3 – 6 týdnů od nákazy, příznaky podobné chřipce 2.: 2 – 10 let, klinické příznaky 2.: 2 – 10 let, klinické příznaky 3.: 10 a více let, velmi slabá imunita 3.: 10 a více let, velmi slabá imunita 4.: propuknutí AIDS 4.: propuknutí AIDS

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15 ♂ HIV+ v ČR podle pohlaví ♀

16 Léčba Léčba -Lék neexistuje -Kombinovaná léčba – antiretrové léky -Test AIDS -Výsledek: HIV+ ↔ HIV-

17 PREVENCE Partnerská věrnost Partnerská věrnost Používání prezervativu Používání prezervativu Nepůjčovat si injekční stříkačku Nepůjčovat si injekční stříkačku Pravidelně chodit na testy Pravidelně chodit na testy

18 AIDS ve světě -R – 2011: 25 milionů mrtvých -Státy s největším počtem nakažených: Afrika, Čína, Indie, Rusko – Světový den proti AIDS -R zemřel Freddie Mercury

19 AIDS v Africe -Nejrozšířenější -2, 3 mil. mrtvých -29 mil. nakažených -Průměrná délka života: 47 let -Botswana: 44% těhotných HIV+ -Sutherlandia Frutescens -SOS vesničky

20 HIV+ ve světě Sub. Afrika: J a JV Asie: Lat. Am.: Sev. Am.: Východní Asie: Stř. a Z Evropa: Karibik: Austrálie:

21 AIDS v ČR HIV+ Čechů -AIDS: 322 lidí -Antonín Holý – léky -Jiří Hejnar a tým I. Hirsche – snaha objevit lék na HIV

22 HIV+ podle krajů

23 Vývoj HIV během let

24 ORGANIZACE ZAMĚŘENÉ NA AIDS

25 + Oběti AIDS +

26 Annotation AIDS is the virus disease. AIDS means „acquired immune deficiency syndrome“. GRIDS was the first name of the disease. It means that the immune deficiency associated with homosexuality. 4H was the second name of AIDS. Then they chose the name AIDS in The disease originated from African monkeys. AIDS is the virus disease. AIDS means „acquired immune deficiency syndrome“. GRIDS was the first name of the disease. It means that the immune deficiency associated with homosexuality. 4H was the second name of AIDS. Then they chose the name AIDS in The disease originated from African monkeys. Professor Robert Gall from the USA discovered the name of the HIV virus. HIV means human immunodeficiency virus. There are types of HIV – „HIV one“ and „HIV two“. It is a failure of the white blood corpuscles. Symptoms of this disease are similar to influenza symptoms. People can become infected from blood, sperm, vaginal secretion or from breast milk. Professor Robert Gall from the USA discovered the name of the HIV virus. HIV means human immunodeficiency virus. There are types of HIV – „HIV one“ and „HIV two“. It is a failure of the white blood corpuscles. Symptoms of this disease are similar to influenza symptoms. People can become infected from blood, sperm, vaginal secretion or from breast milk.

27 The virus goes through four periods and then it turns into AIDS. Nobody will find out if somebody is ill. We can do the test for AIDS. There is no cure for AIDS at present. But we can treat HIV with combination therapy. The person is ill, when the HIV test is positive. The virus goes through four periods and then it turns into AIDS. Nobody will find out if somebody is ill. We can do the test for AIDS. There is no cure for AIDS at present. But we can treat HIV with combination therapy. The person is ill, when the HIV test is positive. There are many organizations in the world to help people with this disease. ČSAP and ACET are the most famous Czech organization and WHO is the most famous international organization. The Red ribbon is an international logo of AIDS. It is a logo for hope. There are many organizations in the world to help people with this disease. ČSAP and ACET are the most famous Czech organization and WHO is the most famous international organization. The Red ribbon is an international logo of AIDS. It is a logo for hope.

28 There are 1546 infected people in the Czech Republic. There are the most infected people in Africa, China, India and Rusia in the world. More than twenty – five million people died from Twelve million African children are orphans because of AIDS. Freddie Mercury had AIDS, too. He died he was forty – five in There are the most infected people in Subsaharan Africa. There is the terrible situation.There are about 4 million infected people. It is 70 % infected people from all the world. About 2 million of Africans have olready died and currently, there are 28 million of infected Africans. There are 44 % of pregnant women infected with HIV. There is the average age forty- seven years. The ordinary Africans age is sixty – two years. There are 1546 infected people in the Czech Republic. There are the most infected people in Africa, China, India and Rusia in the world. More than twenty – five million people died from Twelve million African children are orphans because of AIDS. Freddie Mercury had AIDS, too. He died he was forty – five in There are the most infected people in Subsaharan Africa. There is the terrible situation.There are about 4 million infected people. It is 70 % infected people from all the world. About 2 million of Africans have olready died and currently, there are 28 million of infected Africans. There are 44 % of pregnant women infected with HIV. There is the average age forty- seven years. The ordinary Africans age is sixty – two years. We celebrate The world day of AIDS on December 1st every year. We know that AIDS is a threat for all the world. We celebrate The world day of AIDS on December 1st every year. We know that AIDS is a threat for all the world.

29 Zdroje JmLtQTB4rDbX08cd7ZfQhk6TUXFkuT13qD3ptWY_w&imgURL=http%3A//img.aktualne.centrum.cz/11/7/ aids.jpg&pageURL=http%3A//www.pomoooc.estranky.cz/clanky/pohlavni-a-jine-zavazne-choroby/novy-lek-na-aids- zabranuje-bunkam- zemrit&imgX=201&imgY=150&imgSize=18&thURL=http%3A//media1.picsearch.com/is%3FirJmLtQTB4rDbX08cd7ZfQhk6T UXFkuT13qD3ptWY_w&thX=128&thY=95&qNoSite=aids&siteWWW=&sId=SYTO6D7rwYW45e5PvxSw bUrlPar=filter%3D1&resNum=16&ref=http%3A//obrazky.cz/%3Fstep%3D20%26filter%3D1%26s%3D%26size%3Dany%26sI d%3DvMVtKCykC2WAZvwLBGfS%26orientation%3D%26q%3Dsyndrom&resID=e8QucBGrSG8_BBD_LetSs0c_1NYuxfQ1_g HsT7iKWck&imgURL=http%3A//www.giantmicrobes.cz/images/prods/icon_pox.jpg&pageURL=http%3A//www.giantmicro bes.cz/katalog&imgX=100&imgY=168&imgSize=3&thURL=http%3A//media1.picsearch.com/is%3Fe8QucBGrSG8_BBD_Let Ss0c_1NYuxfQ1_gHsT7iKWck&thX=76&thY=128&qNoSite=syndrom%2Bz%C3%ADskan%C3%A9ho%2Bselh%C3%A1n%C3 %AD%2Bimunity&siteWWW=&sId=vMVtKCykOS9cZvCiHl3T bUrlPar=filter%3D1&resNum=16&ref=http%3A//obrazky.cz/%3Fstep%3D20%26filter%3D1%26s%3D%26size%3Dany%26sI d%3DvMVtKCykC2WAZvwLBGfS%26orientation%3D%26q%3Dsyndrom&resID=e8QucBGrSG8_BBD_LetSs0c_1NYuxfQ1_g HsT7iKWck&imgURL=http%3A//www.giantmicrobes.cz/images/prods/icon_pox.jpg&pageURL=http%3A//www.giantmicro bes.cz/katalog&imgX=100&imgY=168&imgSize=3&thURL=http%3A//media1.picsearch.com/is%3Fe8QucBGrSG8_BBD_Let Ss0c_1NYuxfQ1_gHsT7iKWck&thX=76&thY=128&qNoSite=syndrom%2Bz%C3%ADskan%C3%A9ho%2Bselh%C3%A1n%C3 %AD%2Bimunity&siteWWW=&sId=vMVtKCykOS9cZvCiHl3T Ostatní zdroje: viz písemná část abs. práce AIDS – hrozba lidstva

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