Prezentace na téma: "Obchodní akademie a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Jihlava Šablona 32 VY_32_INOVACE_174.ANJ.12 Reported speech – Nepřímá řeč v AJ."— Transkript prezentace:
Obchodní akademie a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Jihlava Šablona 32 VY_32_INOVACE_174.ANJ.12 Reported speech – Nepřímá řeč v AJ
Číslo projektu: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Šablona: VY_32_INOVACE Číslo DUMU: 174.ANJ.12 Předmět: Anglický jazyk Název materiálu: Reported speech – Nepřímá řeč v AJ Autor: Michaela Faltusová Formát: Prezentace Microsoft Powerpoint Zdroje obrázků: Stupeň a typ vzdělávání: SŠ – odborné vzdělávání Licence k obrazovému materiálu: CC BY, CC BY-SA Datum vytvoření: Klíčová slova: nepřímá řeč, reported speech, Anotace: vysvětlení tvoření nepřímé řeči v angličtině, příklady použití s obrázky
REPORTED SPEECH I´m hungry. He said that he was hungry Nepřímá řeč
Pokud je hlavní věta v nepřímé řeči v minulosti, dochází ke změnám v: - slovesných časech (časový posun) - zájmenech - příslovečném určení místa a času Používáme například se slovesy: say, tell, complain, explain, remind, reply, think, hope, offer, refuse
She said that she was having such a good time. Časový posun -přítomnost I am having such a good time!
Direct speechReported speech PRESENTPAST „I am sad,“ she said. She said that she was sad. „I eat at 7 o´clock,“ she said She said that she ate at 7 o´clock. „I am going to the cinema now,“ she said She said that she was going to the cinema.
I have never been to Paris. She said that she had never been to Paris
Direct speechReported speech PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT „I have never seen him before,“ she said. She said that she had never seen him sad. „She hasn´t done it,“ she said She said that she hadn´t done it. „I have been waiting for 20 minutes,“ she said She said that she had been waiting for 20 minutes.
Časový posun - minulost I met a handsome guy in London. She said she had met a handsome guy in London.
Direct speechReported speech PASTPAST PERFECT „I was sad,“ she said. She said that she had been sad. „I liked Brian,“ she said She said that she had liked Brian. „I was going to the cinema,“ she said She said that she had been going to the cinema. „ I didn´t find him“.She said that she hadn´t found him.
Časový posun - budoucnost I will travel all around the world. He said he would travel all around the world.
Direct speechReported speech Budoucnost WILL WOULD „I will meet him at seven.,“ she said. She said that she would meet him at seven. „I won ´t go there,“ she said She said that she wouldn´t go there. „I am going to fly to Paris.,“ she said She said that she was going to fly to Paris.
Časový posun – modální slovesa I can dance. She said that she could dance.
Direct speechReported speech CANCOULD MAYMIGHT WILLWOULD MUSTMUST/HAD TO
Příslovečné určení místa a času I will be here at 1O o´clock. She promised that she would be there at 1O o´clock.
Změny v určení místa a času: Např. DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECH HereThere NowAt that time, then Today, this monthThat day, that month YesterdayThe day before TomorrowThe following day
Questions Pozor na změnu slovosledu ( z tázacího na oznamovací)! Will you marry me? He asked if she would marry him.
Are you hungry? He asked if I was hungry. Do you love me? She wanted to know if I loved her. Have you ever been to the USA? He wondered if I had ever been to the USA. What is your name? He asked what my name was.
SAY X TELL - say something to somebody She said hello to my family. - tell somebody something She told me her address.