FORM: JAK JEJ VYTVOŘÍME? I HAVE BOUGHT A NEW BOOK RECENTLY. HE HAS BOUGHT A NEW CAR. HAVE / HAS + 3. TVAR SLOVESA (GO – GONE, WRITE – WRITTEN, BUY – BOUGHT)
WHEN: KDY JEJ POUŽIJEME? 1. AN ACTION IN THE PAST WITH A RESULT IN THE PRESENT UDÁLOST, KTERÁ SE STALA V MINULOSTI, ALE MÁ NÁSLEDKY V PŘÍTOMNOSTI Example: I have cut my hair. (now I´ve got short hair)
2. EXPERIENCES UP TO NOW ZKUŠENOSTI, ZÁŽITKY Example: I have been to the USA. (Už jsem byl v USA.) Example: She has never ridden a horse. (Ještě nikdy nejezdila na koni.)
3. THE RECENT PAST NEDÁVNÁ MINULOST Example: I have read a great book recently. (Nedávno jsem četl skvělou knihu.) Example: Have you seen a good film recently? (Neviděl jsi nedávno nějaký dobrý film?)
WHAT HAS HAPPENED RECENTLY? HE / REPAIR THE TV HE HAS… REPAIRED THE TV.
HE/ WIN THE RACE HE HAS… …WON THE RACE. THEY / BUY A LOT OF NEW CLOTHES THEY HAVE BOUGHT A LOT OF NEW CLOTHES.
THEY / HAVE AN ARGUMENT THEY HAVE HAD AN ARGUMENT. THEY / SEE A GOOD FILM THEY HAVE SEEN A GOOD FILM.
SAY WHAT YOU HAVE / HAVEN´T DONE RECENTLY Řekni, co jsi dělal / nedělal v poslední době: Ex: buy new jeans: I haven´t bought new jeans. Eat pizza Go out with friends Read newspapers Use the PC Walk the dog Go on holiday
IRREGULAR VERBS: NEPRAVIDELNÁ SLOVESA S PŘEDPŘÍTOMNÝM ČASEM POUŽÍVÁME TZV. PŘÍČESTÍ MINULÉ = PAST PARTICIPLE = U NEPRAVIDELNÝCH SLOVES JE TO 3. TVAR SLOVESA (PŘ. GO – WENT – GONE) = U PRAVIDELNÝCH SLOVES PŘIDÁME POUZE KONCOVKU -D / -ED. (PŘ. WANT – WANTED)
ZÁKLADNÍ TVAR Can Be Meet Do Get Have Run Read Sleep Write Put Go MINULÝ + PŘÍČESTÍ MINULÉ could – could was/were – been met – met did – done got – got had – had ran – run read – read [red] slept – slept wrote – written put – put went - gone
made – made came – come thought – thought bought – bought brought – brought ate – eaten drank – drunk gave – given got – got knew – known learnt – learnt left - left Make Come Think Buy Bring Eat Drink Give Get Know Learn Leave
Say See Become Drive Send Take Draw Tell Understand Win Sing Fly said – said saw – seen became – become drove – driven sent – sent took – taken drew – drawn told – told understood-understood won – won sang – sung flew - flown
PRAVIDELNÁ SLOVESA Stay Want Move Die Play Watch Talk Ask Start Miss Like cook stayed wanted moved died played watched talked asked started missed liked cooked