Prezentace na téma: "Past Tense Hello! Do you want to know about past tense? Then choose what you want to know and click. Simple Past Simple Past Negatives Questions Vyberte."— Transkript prezentace:
Past Tense Hello! Do you want to know about past tense? Then choose what you want to know and click. Simple Past Simple Past Negatives Questions Vyberte si kapitolu a kliknutím vstupte. Na stránce vždy jednou klikněte myší, počkejte, co se bude dít, a splňte úkoly. Některé věty máte napsat do sešitu. Čtěte zadání! Pak můžete zase kliknout a jít dál. Dostupné z Metodického portálu ISSN: , financovaného z ESF a státního rozpočtu ČR. Provozováno Výzkumným ústavem pedagogickým v Praze.
Simple Past Hello! Nothing is as easy as the past tense, so don’t worry! Just say or write the sentences with verbs in the past! Look: presentpast Jeremy goes to school. Jeremy chodí do školy. Jeremy went to school. Jeremy chodil do školy. Read and click.
Regular verbs (pravidelná slovesa) verb + -ed Can you write these sentences in the past tense? Take your exercise books or a paper and write. Peter looks out of the window. She wants to go! I like her very much. I love sleeping! look – looked phone – phoned decide – decided check – checked want – wanted like – liked love - loved
Have you got the sentences? Then you can click now and check your sentences! Peter looked out of the window. She wanted to go! I liked her very much. I loved sleeping! Easy, wasn’t it?
Do you know these verbs? to be (is, are, am) have take go dream write give get These are irregular verbs. You must learn the past forms! was, were had took went dreamt wrote gave got
One more exercise: Translate: Šel jsem domů. Ten film se mi líbil. (Pozor, podmět je „já“, ne „ten film“!) Chtěl jsem tu knížku. Chtěli jít. click! I went home. I liked the film. I wanted the book. They wanted to go. Have you got it? Was it difficult? Of course not! English is easy!
That’s all! Now you can use the simple past tense! Bye! Go back to the start
Negatives I like negatives in the past! They are all the same! Just put „didn’t“ before the verb! I went to work. I go to work. I didn’t go to work. present – přítomný čas past – minulý čas past - negative The verb is in the present form. Don’t care about the third person (he goes, she goes) – don’t write „-s“ there!
Negatives Can you make these sentences negative? Write them into your exercise book. I wanted to go. Negative: I didn’t want to go. whonegativeverb in the present form Read now! She wanted to leave. Joseph looked out of the window. Caroline went to Prague by train. Nicolas liked the film. Have you finished? Then click! She didn’t want to leave. Joseph didn’t look out of the window. Caroline didn’t go to Prague by train. Nicolas didn’t like the film.
How good you are! Now you can do negatives in the past! Hurray! Back to start
Questions It is easy - just use your brain! You can understand it, but read it properly! … and if you do not know what „properly“ is, it means „pořádně, pečlivě“ in Czech! ?
Questions are almost the same like in the present tense. Only use „did“ instead of „do“ or „does“. Do you go with them? Jdeš s nimi? Did you go with them? Šel jsi s nimi? Do you like the book? Líbí se ti ta knížka? Did you like the book? Líbila se ti ta knížka? Questions namísto
Sometimes you need to use „what“, „where“, „why“, „how“ or „when“. Start with this word! When did you go? What did you say? Where did you live? Why did you tell her? How did you do it? Kdy jsi šel? Co jsi říkal? Kde jsi bydlel? Proč jsi jí to říkal? Jak jsi to udělal? Do you still remember? What – co, jaký Where – kde, kam When – kdy Why – proč How - jak If you need, write them into your exercise book!
I said something to Kate. What did you say to her? Tázací slovo - například kdo, kde, proč, jak (where, who, when, why, how) Pomocné sloveso „do“ v min. čase (Na) koho se ptáme? Tebe – you She, he, they, we… zbytek věty Vlastní sloveso, na co se ptáme (v přít. tvaru) Tázací slova „where“, „when“ atd. v otázce nutně být nemusí, záleží na co se ptáme. Pokud tam nejsou, věta vypadá úplně stejně, ale začíná slovem „Did“ – u všech osob. Did you go there? Šel jsi tam? I hope it is clear now!
Exercises 1. Make questions: put where you did it ? her to it tell did you ? say why you that did ? leave did when she ? Take your exercise books and write: 2. Write these questions in the past: Do you like his brother? Do you play tennis? Do you want to go there? Have you got all the sentences? Then click and check them! Where did you put it? Did you tell it to her? Why did you say that? When did she leave? Did you like his brother? Did you play tennis? Did you want to go there?
That‘s all. Now you can go back to the start! Back to start
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