Tvoření: If + present simple, will + sloveso Příklad: If it doesn't rain tommorow, I will visit my friend. (Jestli zítra nebude pršet, navštívím svého přítele.) Použití: Používá se, když chceme vyjádřit, že se něco v budoucnosti za určitých okolností stane. Důležité: If se překládá jako jestli. V češtině sloveso za if překládáme v budoucím čase, ale v angličtině používáme přítomný čas prostý!
FIRST CONDITIONAL What will you do if you fail the history exam? If I win a million dollars I will buy my own airplane. If she comes I will call you. If it snows will you still drive to the coast? If I have money I will travel around all the world...
EXERCISE 1. Choose the correct form of each verb to complete each sentence. You won't pass the course if you ________. (won't study / don't study) You'll pay higher insurance if you ________ a sports car. (will buy / buy) If I ________ some eggs, how many ________? (cook - will you eat / will cook - do you eat) She ________ completely different if she cuts her hair. (looks / will look) If a deer ________ into your garden, it ________ all your plants. (gets - will eat / will get – eats) If you ________ an apple every day, you'll be very healthy. (eat / will eat) You ________ better if you turn on the lamp. (are able to see / will be able to see) If we don't protect the elephant, it ________ extinct. (becomes / will become) You ________ heart disease if you eat too much meat. (get / will get) If you don't put so much sugar in your coffee, you ________ so much weight! (don't put on / won't put on)
EXERCISE 2. Put the correct form of each verb in brackets. 1. If you ______ (not study), you _____ (fail) the test. 2. We ____ (die) if we ____ (not get) help soon! 3. If you ____ (look) in the fridge, you ____ (find) some cold drinks. 4. If there____ (be) no oil in the engine, the car _____ (break) down. 5. I _____ (lend) you my umbrella if you _____ (need) it. 6. The sea level ______ (rise) if the planet _____ (get) hotter. 7. If you____ (eat) your sandwiches now, you____ (have) anything for lunch! 8. You______ (be) safe in an accident if you_____ (wear) your seatbelt. 9. If he______ (save) all his money, he____ (be able to go) on holiday to Canada. 10. I______ (not come) with you if you_____ (not bring) John!
EXERCISE 3. Match the sentence beginnings and endings. Type the letter into the brackets. 1. How will she get there ( ) 2. I'll go to university ( ) 3. Will your sister take the job ( ) 4. If Lucy doesn't invite us to her wedding, ( ) 5. Jack will have a party on Friday ( ) 6. If the local shop's closed, ( ) A if they offer it to her? B if I pass my exams. C we'll go to the supermarket. D if she can't get a flight? E if his parents go away. F we won't give her a present.
FIRST CONDITIONAL – PRVNÍ PODMÍNKA ● Použitá literatura: ● English Grammar in Use, Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press,2000