Prezentace na téma: "Číslo projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0028 Číslo materiáluVY_32_INOVACE_166 Název školyGymnázium, Tachov, Pionýrská 1370 AutorMgr. Eleonora Klasová PředmětAnglický."— Transkript prezentace:
Číslo projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0028 Číslo materiáluVY_32_INOVACE_166 Název školyGymnázium, Tachov, Pionýrská 1370 AutorMgr. Eleonora Klasová PředmětAnglický jazyk Ročník4. Datum vytvoření24. 05. 2013 Anotace Výklad nové látky s problémovými otázkami - Reported speech - prezentace Metodický pokyn prezentace je určena jako výklad do hodiny i jako materiál k samostudiu Pokud není uvedeno jinak, použitý materiál je z vlastních zdrojů autora. Výukový materiál zpracován v rámci projektu EU peníze školám
HOW IT WORKS? We use a “reporting verb“ like say or tell. If this verb is in present tense we just put “she says“ and then the sentence: DIRECT SPEECH “I like chocolate.“ REPORTED SPEECH says She says she likes chocolate. We don´t change the tense but we need to change the person from I to she.
If the reporting verb is in the past tense, the we usually change the tenses in the reported speech. DIRECT SPEECH like “I like chocolate.“ REPORTED SPEECH liked She said she liked chocolate.
Don´t forget: To report a statement we use reporting verbs: »Say + something: John said he wanted to come. »Tell + someone + something: John told me he wanted to come. »Other reporting verbs: reply, explain, promise, claim, announce, declare.
VERB TENSES CHANGES Present simple Julia said: “I want to become a doctor.“ Present continouns “I am going to the cinema,“ John said. Simple past Eve: “I worked in a bank.“ Past simple She said (that) she wanted to become a doctor. Past continouns Jonh said (that) he was going to the cinema. Past perfect She said (that) she had worked in a bank. DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH
Present Perfect Continouns “I have been writing my homework,“ Jim said. Future Tom said: “I will come.“ Modals can, may,must should, would,might Past Perfect Continouns He said (that) he had been writing his homework. Conditional He said (that) he would come. could, might, had to should,would,might DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECH
!!!!!! true general fact or truth.) Occasionally, we don´t need to change the present tense into the past tense if the information in direct speech is still true (these are things which are general fact or truth.) “The capital of the CR is is Prague.“ is He said (that) the capital of the CR is Prague. DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECH
TIME CHANGES: now today tomorrow yesterday this (morning) last (week) next (week) then that day the next day / following day the day before / previous day that (morning) the week before / previous (week) the following (week) DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECH
REPORTED STATEMENTS 1)“He works in a factory.“ 2)“We went to the theatre last night.“ 3)“I´m reading a book.“ 4)“I was learning English when he came.“ 5)“I have never been to Japan.“ 6)“Tom will come tomorrow.“ 7)“They had never met her before.“ 8)“I can help you tomorrow.“ 9)“You should go to the doctor.“ 10)“She´s living in Prague for two months.“ Exercise
Řešení: 1)He said he worked in a factory. 2)She said they had gone to the theatre previous night. 3)She said she was reading a book. 4)He said he had been learning English when he came.“ 5)She said she had never been to Japan. 6)He said Tom would come following day. 7)She said they had never met her before. 8)He said he could help me the next day. 9)She said I should go to the doctor. 10)She said she was living in Prague….