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PAST SIMPLE FOR PRE-INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS Author: Mgr. Jan Hájek.

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1 PAST SIMPLE FOR PRE-INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS Author: Mgr. Jan Hájek

2 Content Introduction Introduction Use Use Past simple affirmative Past simple affirmative Past simple negative Past simple negative Past simple questions Past simple questions Short answers Short answers Spelling of the verb Spelling of the verb Exercises Exercises

3 Introduction This DUM was created as a support material for Pre-Intermediate students This DUM was created as a support material for Pre-Intermediate students It sums up the uses, grammar and provides extra exercises It sums up the uses, grammar and provides extra exercises

4 Use Minulý čas prostý používáme pro ukončené děje v minulosti Minulý čas prostý používáme pro ukončené děje v minulosti Minulý čas prostý používáme pro krátké, delší i opakované situace a děje v minulosti. Minulý čas prostý používáme pro krátké, delší i opakované situace a děje v minulosti. Minulým časem prostým vyjadřujeme také sled událostí, například ve vyprávění. Minulým časem prostým vyjadřujeme také sled událostí, například ve vyprávění. Některé výrazy používané s min. časem prostým: last year, last month, five years ago, yesterday morning, in 1985 Některé výrazy používané s min. časem prostým: last year, last month, five years ago, yesterday morning, in 1985

5 Past simple affirmative and negative I Hearrived Shewent It yesterday Wedidn't arrive Youdidn't go They Past simple questions and short answers Whendidshe/you/they...arrive Did you go to school yesterday? Yes, I did./No, he didn‘t. The form of the verb in past simple is the same for all persons. In questions and negatives we use did/didn‘t auxiliary verb and the base form.

6 Spelling of the verb Regular verbs: Regular verbs: Většinou přidáváme koncovku –ed, pokud sloveso končí na –e, připojíme pouze –d. Work - _____, start - _____, live - _____, move - ______ Pokud sloveso končí na souhlásku a –y, měníme -y na i a přidáváme –ed. Study - ______, carry -______ Pokud je sloveso jednoslabičné nebo končí na krátkou samohlásku a souhlásku – zdvojujeme tuto souhlásku. Stop - ______, plan - ______, regret - _______ Irregular verbs Irregular verbs

7 Spelling of the verb Regular verbs: Regular verbs: Většinou přidáváme koncovku –ed, pokud sloveso končí na –e, připojíme poze –d. Work - worked, start - started, live - lived, move - moved Pokud sloveso končí na souhlásku a –y, měníme -y na i a přidáváme –ed. Study -studied, carry - carried Pokud je sloveso jednoslabičné nebo končí na krátkou samohlásku a souhlásku – zdvojujeme tuto souhlásku. Stop - stopped, plan - planned, regret - regretted Irregular verbs Irregular verbs

8 Exercises What is the past of the verbs? They are all irregular except one. Leave______catch_______hear_______burn______ Say_______take_______give_______carry______ Get______can‘t_______keep_______think______ Put the words in correct order and make questions in past simple. 1 Russel / get up / why? his / be / where / parents? his mother/ keep/ her purse/ where? the two burglars/ when / the police / catch?

9 Exercises What is the past of the verbs? They are all irregular except one. Leave_LEFTcatch_CAUGHThear_HEARDburn_BURNT Say_SAIDtake__TOOKgive__GAVEcarry_CARRIED Get_GOTcan‘t_COULDkeep_KEPTthink_THOUGHT Put the words in correct order and make questions in past simple. 1 Russel / get up / why? Why did Russel get up? his / be / where / parents? Where were his parrents? his mother…………………..Where did his mother keep her purse? the two burglars………..When did the police catch the two burglars

10 Exercises Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative. 1 It was warm, so I ………off my coat. (take) 2 The film wasn‘t very good. I ………… it very much. (enjoy) 3 I knew Sarrah was very busy, so I …………….her. (disturb) 4 I was very tired, so I …………the party early. ( leave) 5 The bed was very uncomfortable. I…………..very well. (sleep) 6 The window was open and a bird……….. into the room.(fly) 7 The hotel wasn‘t very expensive. It ………….very much.(cost) 8 I was in a hurry, so I…………..time to phone you. (have) 9 It was hard carrying the bags. They ………… very heavy. (be)

11 Exercises Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative. 1 It was warm, so I TOOK off my coat. (take) 2 The film wasn‘t very good. I DIDN‘T ENJOY it very much. (enjoy) 3 I knew Sarrah was very busy, so I DIDN‘T DISTURB her. (disturb) 4 I was very tired, so I LEFT the party early. ( leave) 5 The bed was very uncomfortable. I DIDN‘T SLEEP very well. (sleep) 6 The window was open and a bird FLEW into the room.(fly) 7 The hotel wasn‘t very expensive. It DIDN‘T COST very much.(cost) 8 I was in a hurry, so I DIDN‘T HAVE time to phone you. (have) 9 It was hard carrying the bags. They WERE very heavy. (be)

12 ZDROJE Murphy, R. English Grammar In Use. 3.ed. Italy : Cambridge University Press, ISBN s. 11. Falla. T., Davies, P., A. Maturita Solutions Pre-Intermediate Student‘s Book, China : Oxford University Press ISBN s Falla. T., Davies, P. A., Maturita Solutions Pre-Intermediate Workbook, China : Oxford University Press ISBN s Soars, L., Soars, J. New Headway English Course. 3. ed. China : Oxford University Press, ISBN-13: s. 54, 142, 143.

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