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Číslo projektu CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0969 Název školy Gymnázium Česká a Olympijských nadějí, České Budějovice, Česká 64 Název materiálu VY_32_INOVACE_AJ_4_REG_LITERATURE_10.

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Prezentace na téma: "Číslo projektu CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0969 Název školy Gymnázium Česká a Olympijských nadějí, České Budějovice, Česká 64 Název materiálu VY_32_INOVACE_AJ_4_REG_LITERATURE_10."— Transkript prezentace:

1 Číslo projektu CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Název školy Gymnázium Česká a Olympijských nadějí, České Budějovice, Česká 64 Název materiálu VY_32_INOVACE_AJ_4_REG_LITERATURE_10 Autor Mgr. Věra Regulová Tematický okruh Anglický jazyk – Literatura anglicky mluvících zemí – But Some Are More Equal Ročník 4. ročník Datum tvorby AnotaceLiteratura anglicky mluvících zemí, téma anglická literatura – interaktivní prezentace života a díla anglicky píšících autorů spojená s nadstandardním procvičením lexikálních dovedností, povědomí o životě anglicky píšících autorů a porozumění originálnímu textu v ukázce pro práci ve dvojicích a skupinách s prostorem pro brainstorming. Metodický pokynPrezentace je určena jako východisko i obohacení výkladu a práce s textem, podpora samostatné práce dvojic u PC i domácího studia např. formou pracovního listu podle uvedených pokynů. Pokud není uvedeno jinak, použitý materiál je z vlastních zdrojů autora. DIGITÁLNÍ UČEBNÍ MATERIÁL

2 But Some Are More Equal Literature in the English-speaking countries

3 Task 1: Read the description below and – fill in the gaps, use one suitable word only. ……. ……. ……. This English writer was born in India and educated at Eton. (1) ……. a journalist, however, he spent several years in London and Paris experiencing life with little money among poor people and wrote essays about it creating a new genre of social critique. He is best known for (2) ……. allegorical novella and a modern fable from 1945, and a dystopian and satirical novel, published in 1949, which is set in Oceania 35 years (3) ……... His work, signed with a world- famous pen name, is marked by clear ideas and wit, awareness of social justice and belief (4) ……. the power of democracy.

4 Solution to Task 1 – fill in the gaps. ……. ……. ……. This English writer was born in India and educated at Eton. (1) As a journalist, however, he spent several years in London and Paris experiencing life with little money among poor people and wrote essays about it creating a new genre of social critique. He is best known for (2) an allegorical novella and a modern fable from 1945, and a dystopian and satirical novel, published in 1949, which is set in Oceania 35 years (3) later. His work, signed with a world- famous pen name, is marked by clear ideas and wit, awareness of social justice and belief (4) in the power of democracy.

5 Task 2: Read the description below and – explain the highlighted phrases, fill in missing information. ……. ……. ……. This English writer was born in ……. and educated at Eton. As a journalist, however, he spent several years in London and ……. experiencing life with little money among poor people and wrote essays about it creating a new genre of social critique. He is best known for an allegorical novella and a modern fable from 1945, and a dystopian and satirical novel, published in 1949, which is set in Oceania 35 years later. His work, signed with a world- famous pen name, is marked by clear ideas and wit, awareness of social justice and belief in the power of democracy.

6 Solution to Task 2 – explain the highlighted phrases, fill in missing information. George Orwell This English writer was born in India and educated at Eton (the most famous ‘public‘ secondary school in Britain). As a journalist, however, he spent several years in London and Paris experiencing life with little money among poor people and wrote essays about it (Down and Out in Paris and London) creating a new genre of social critique. He is best known for an allegorical novella and a modern fable (Animal Farm) from 1945, and a dystopian and satirical novel (1984), published in 1949, which is set in Oceania 35 years later. His work, signed with a world-famous pen name (his civil name being Eric Arthur Blair), is marked by clear ideas and wit, awareness of social justice and belief in the power of democracy.

7 Task 3: Read the excerpt below and – give it a title, fill in the missing words. ……. ……. ……. He gazed up at the enormous face. Forty years it had taken him to learn what kind of smile was hidden beneath the dark moustache. O cruel, needless misunderstanding! O stubborn, self- willed exile from the loving breast! Two gin- scented tears trickled down the sides of his nose. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved ……. ……..

8 Solution to Task 3 – give the excerpt a title, fill in the missing words. Nineteen Eighty-Four He gazed up at the enormous face. Forty years it had taken him to learn what kind of smile was hidden beneath the dark moustache. O cruel, needless misunderstanding! O stubborn, self- willed exile from the loving breast! Two gin- scented tears trickled down the sides of his nose. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother.

9 Task 3: Read the excerpt below and – give it a title, fill in the missing words …….. ‘‘My sight is failing,‘‘ she said finally. ‘‘Even when I was young I could not have read what was written there. But it appears to me that that wall looks different. Are the ……. ……. the same as they used to be, Benjamin?‘‘ For once Benjamin consented to break his rule, and he read out to her what was written on the wall. There was nothing there now except a single Commandment. It ran: ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS

10 Solution to Task 3 – give the excerpt a title, fill in the missing words Animal Farm ‘‘My sight is failing,‘‘ she said finally. ‘‘Even when I was young I could not have read what was written there. But it appears to me that that wall looks different. Are the Seven Commandments the same as they used to be, Benjamin?‘‘ For once Benjamin consented to break his rule, and he read out to her what was written on the wall. There was nothing there now except a single Commandment. It ran: ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHER

11 George Orwell, in 1933 AUTOR NEUVEDEN; UŽIVATEL NARD THE BARD. en.wikipedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW:

12 British first edition cover, 1945 AUTOR NEUVEDEN; UŽIVATEL BURTON, P. S.. en.wikipedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW:

13 Oceanian society STANNERED; IAMTHEEGGMAN; ANONMOOS. en.wikipedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW:

14 Glossary – do you know how to explain these terms? Big Brother Newspeak doublethink thoughtcrime Thought Police speakwrite Ingsoc Spies

15 Glossary Big Brother – a fictional character, the dictator of Oceania Newspeak – a fictional language, deliberately impoverished by the state with reduced and simplified vocabulary and grammar doublethink – accepting two mutually contradictory beliefs as correct thoughtcrime – the criminal act of holding unspoken beliefs or doubts that oppose or question the ruling party Thought Police – police force devoted to dealing with thoughtcrime speakwrite - Newspeak name for a microphone Ingsoc – English Socialism – the ideology of the Party Spies – youth groups or brigades of childrenwho were encouraged to inform on other people, even parents

16 Anglický jazyk a seminář anglické konverzace ve 4. ročníku a oktávě všeobecného gymnázia Metodický pokyn Tato prezentace je určena pro použití ve vyučovací hodině, pro samostatnou práci dvojic u PC i pro samostatné domácí studium prostřednictvím pracovního listu - jako doplněk výkladu či opakování tematických okruhů k maturitní zkoušce na všeobecném gymnáziu. Kromě uvedeného lexikálního cvičení – doplňování vhodných výrazů – a cvičení čtení s porozuměním nabízí rozšíření povědomí o osobnostech literatury anglicky mluvících zemí a o různých aspektech historie a kultury v těchto zemích. Především pak poskytuje možnost seznámit se v ukázkách se stylem psaní daného autora. Vybízí též k aktivní práci s textem ve formě překladu do češtiny a porovnání s uměleckým překladem či převedení do dnešní podoby angličtiny. Je užitečné, předchází-li jednotlivým aktivitám brainstorming – umožňuje ověřit, co žáci již znají, nabídnout, co mohou očekávat, podpořit kreativitu, soutěživost a týmovou práci. Obrázků lze využít nejen k ilustraci daného jevu, ale také k popisu a porovnání.

17 Zdroje: EDITOR CROWTHER, Jonathan. Oxford Guide to British and American Culture for Learners of English. Oxford: OUP, 2003, ISBN Výňatek na straně 7 a 8: ORWELL, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four. London: Penguin Books, 1954, ISBN str. 236 Výňatek na straně 9 a 10: ORWELL, George. Animal Farm. Harlow: Longman, str. 92 Obrázek na straně 11: AUTOR NEUVEDEN; UŽIVATEL NARD THE BARD. en.wikipedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: Licence PD Obrázek na straně 12: AUTOR NEUVEDEN; UŽIVATEL BURTON, P. S.. en.wikipedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: Licence PD Obrázek na straně 13: STANNERED; IAMTHEEGGMAN; ANONMOOS. en.wikipedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: Licence PD


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