UK – London Autor: Autor: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum vytvoření: 20. 07. 2013 Klíčová slova Klíčová slova: the Uk – London Anotace: Anotace: prezentace je určena na získání základních znalostí o hlavním městě Spojeného království Velké Británie a Severního Irska. Ve zpracovaném materiálu jsou také cvičení k procvičení.
Způsob využití: Způsob využití: určeno pro výklad a procvičení základních znalostí o hlavním městě Spojeného království Velké Británie a Severního Irska. Tyto znalosti je možno využít u maturity z anglického jazyka na středních školách. Číslo šablony Číslo šablony: VY_32_INOVACE_ANJ_11
UK – London CITIESLONDONHistory 1665Plague ( epidemic1666 the Great Fire The 17 th century brought suffering for London. In 1665 the Plague (morová) epidemic and in 1666 the Great Fire of London. After the fire, four fifth of the city were destroyed. main architect after the fire was Christopher Wren St. Paul’s Cathedral first insurance companybank the Stock Exchange The main architect after the fire was Christopher Wren and his masterpiece (mistrovské dílo) is St. Paul’s Cathedral. Then the first insurance company, bank and the Stock Exchange (burza cen.papírů) were established.
UK – London CITIESLONDONHistory the Port suburbs One of the important things for London is the Port (přístav), which became the biggest in the 19 th century. In the 19 th century the infrastructure was established and a lot of the suburbs (předměstí) were connected. In the 20 th century the City was also seriously damaged during the World War II.Present a financial and commercial centre London is a financial and commercial centre. Twenty-two percent of the world’s transactions take place (uskutečňuje) in London.
UK – London CITIESLONDONPresent cargo shipping air transport5 airportsother main means oftransport in London are More than 50 per cent of cargo shipping (lodní nákladní dopravy) and air transport is also centred in London. In London there are 5 airports (the biggest are Heathrow and Gatwick). The other main means of transport in London are: busses, underground and the well known black taxis. Places of interests The City The City is the oldest part of London. Today it is home for the financial district (oblast).
UK – London CITIESLONDON Places of interests Famous parts of London: West End – shops, theatres and cinemas. East End – the docks are situated here and many immigrants and workers live here. Tower of London William the Conquerorin 11 th century It was built by William the Conqueror in 11 th century. It was a royal palace before and then a prison. Now it is a museum with crown jewels (in the Jewel House), with weapons.
UK – London CITIESLONDON Places of interests Tower of London The White Tower The White Tower is in the complex and it’s all white. Yeomen Warders The tower is guarded by Yeomen (členy královské tělesné stráže) Warders (strážci), who still wear Tudor uniforms. Six ravens are kept in the tower to protect the whole kingdom. Tower Bridge. several exhibitionsconcerning the history of the bridge. There are several exhibitions in the two main towers concerning the history of the bridge.
UK – London CITIESLONDON Tower Bridge The bridge can be broken in the middle to allow tall ships to go through. It takes 90 seconds to raise the bridge. St Paul’s Cathedral Christopher Wren17 th century It was built by Sir Christopher Wren in the 17 th century. It stands on the place where the Cathedral which was destroyed in the Great Fire used to stand. It is built in the Baroque style.
UK – London CITIESLONDON The Monument place where the Great Fire started. It commemorates (připomíná) the place where the Great Fire started. 60 meters high It is 60 meters high. Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace It is home of kings and queens of Great Britain. It was built in 1703 by Duke (vévoda) of Buckingham. The first monarch who lived there was the Queen Victoria. Changing of the Guard Changing of the Guard (název ceremoniálu) is a very big attraction outside the palace. The royal family occupies the north wing of the palace.
UK – London CVIČENÍ Choose the correct answer: 1.The Great Fire happened in ……… a)1665 b)1666 c)1667 d)1668 2.………. ravens are kept in the tower to protect the whole kingdom. a)8 b)7 c)6 d)10
UK – London CVIČENÍ You will not use all information there. Fill in the gaps with information from the ellipse below the text to get correct statements. You will not use all information there. a)The first monarch who lived in the Buckingham Palace was the ……….. b)The Monument is ……….. m high. c)St Paul’s Cathedral was built by Sir ………. in the 17th century. d)Now the Tower of London is a ………... 80prison Queen Elizabet II 60 museum 50Queen Elizabeth I Christopher Wren Queen Victoria
Zpracoval: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Bibliografie: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London