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AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum vytvoření:

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Prezentace na téma: "AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum vytvoření:"— Transkript prezentace:

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2 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum vytvoření: Klíčová slova Klíčová slova: AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy Anotace: Anotace: prezentace je určena na získání základních znalostí o obyvatelstvu, územním rozložení, politickém systému a ekonomice Austrálie. Ve zpracovaném materiálu jsou také cvičení k procvičení.

3 Způsob využití: Způsob využití: určeno pro výklad a procvičení základních znalostí o obyvatelstvu, územním rozložení, politickém systému a ekonomice Austrálie. Tyto znalosti je možno využít u maturity z anglického jazyka na středních školách. Číslo šablony Číslo šablony: VY_32_INOVACE_ANJ_18

4 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy PEOPLE AND NATIONALITIES Australia  A majority of Australians is of European origin  A majority of Australians is of European origin (evropského původu - especially of British origin). aborigines  About 1.5 percent of all people living there are the aborigines (australští domorodci).  The majority of people live in the big cities in the south-east coastCanberra Sydney MelbourneAdelaideBrisbanePerth.  The majority of people live in the big cities in the south-east coast. Canberra is the capital city with the population of inhabitants. Other important cities are Sydney (3,7 million), Melbourne, Adelaide, Brisbane and Perth.

5 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy PEOPLE AND NATIONALITIES  Australia is an insular (ostrovní) continent. It lies south-east off Asia. It covers the area of about sq. kilometres. Its population is only 20 million inhabitants. Australia is almost as large as the USA.  Society is multi-cultural. Australian English aboriginal languages  Society is multi-cultural. Australian English and aboriginal languages are spoken here.

6 States and Territories

7 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy STATES AND TERRITORIES  The Commonwealth of Australia consists of six states: New South Wales (capital Sydney), Victoria (Melbourne), Qeensland (Brisbane), South Australia (Adelaide), Western Australia (Perth), Tasmanian (Hobart).  And two territories: The Australian Capital Territory (a part of the country surrounding Australia's capital Canberra = A. C. T.) and Northern Territory (thinly populated).

8 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy POLITICAL SYSTEM the Commonwealth of Australia  The official name of the country is the Commonwealth of Australia – Australský svaz. It is a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations (Britské společenství národů) and it is a member of G-7. Queen Elisabeth II the Governor General  It has a democratic federal system of administration (státní správy). The head of state is Queen Elisabeth II represented by the Governor General (generální guvernér).  The real leader in the political lifethe Prime Minister  The real leader in the political life of the country is the Prime Minister (předseda vlády, premiér).

9 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy POLITICAL SYSTEM federal state6 states2 territories.  Australia is federal state which consists of 6 states and 2 territories.ECONOMY  Australia isone of the largest capitalist economies in the world.  Australia is one of the largest capitalist economies in the world.  Main industries are  Main industries are iron, steel, textiles, electrical equipment, chemicals, cars, aircraft, ship and machinery. top exporters of  Australia belongs to the top exporters of beef, lamb, wool and wheat.  Currencythe Australian Dollar  Currency used in Australia is the Australian Dollar.

10 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy ECONOMY is dominated by its service sector 68 % of GDP  The Australian economy is dominated by its service sector, comprising (představuje) 68 % of GDP.  The mining sector10 % of GDPthe "mining- related economy"9 % of GDP  The mining sector represents 10 % of GDP; the "mining- related economy" represents 9 % of GDP – the total mining sector is 19 % of GDP.  Economic growth is largely dependent on the mining sector and agricultural sector with the products that are mainly exported to the East Asian market.

11 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy CVIČENÍ Choose the correct answer(s): 1.About 1.5 percent of all people living in Australia are the ……….. a)Czech b)American c)aborigines d)Europeans 2.The majority of people live in the big cities in the ………. a)south-east coast b)south-west coast c)south coast d)north coast

12 AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy AUSTRALIA – people and nationalities, states and territories, political system, economy CVIČENÍ You will not use all information there. Fill in the gaps with information from the ellipse below the text to get correct statements. You will not use all information there. a)Australia´s population is only ……… million inhabitants. b)The Commonwealth of Australia consists of ……… states and ………. territories. c)The real leader in the political life of the country is the ………... d)The Australian economy is dominated by its ……….. 10 QueenPresident 15Prime Minister industry 1 842service sector 620

13 Zpracoval: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Bibliografie:  Obrázky: 


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