Geography Officially the Commonwealth of Australia In the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent (the world's smallest), the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans Capital – Canberra Largest city – Sydney Population - 22,360,793 (2010 estimate) Currency – Australian dollar (AUD) Drives on the left Area - 7,617,930 km2
Climate and important geographical places The world's smallest continent and sixth largest country by total area The climate of Australia is influenced by ocean currents Periodic drought The seasonal tropical low pressure system that produces cyclones in northern Australia The Great Barrier Reef Mount Kosciuszko Australia is the flattest continent - desert or semi-arid land
States and territories Six states: New South Wales Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia Two major mainland territories: the Northern Territory the Australian Capital Territory (ACT)
History 40,000 years before European settlement in the late 18th century, the Australian mainland and Tasmania were inhabited by indigenous Australians Sporadic visits by fishermen from the immediate north, and discovery by Dutch explorers in 1606 The eastern half of Australia was claimed by the British in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales, founded on 26 January 1788 Another five largely self-governing Crown Colonies were established during the 19th century. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies became a federation and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed The name Australia is derived from the Latin australis, meaning "southern"
Politics A constitutional democracy based on a federal division of powers A parliamentary system of government Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Australia, represented by the Governor-General at the federal level and by the Governors at the state level. Three branches of government: : the Commonwealth Parliament (legislature) : the Federal Executive Council (executive) : the High Court of Australia
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.