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Historical aspects How water was used and treated by people in our country in the past?
B.C. People used water from nature, they collected it in hands, they lived near rivers and lakes. They made the first vessels.
0-500 Celts and Germanic tribes lived in our area.
500 - 1000 It is said that the Slavic came to our country through the Moravian Gate.
Great Moravia It was the first known west Slavonic state. It existed mainly in the territory of today's Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary between 833- 906/907. The important river was the river Morava.
The history of Bohemia started in the 9th century.
Middle Ages 1000-1500 12th century - first water line in Prague
The first stone bridge in our country The bridge was probably built in the 13th century during the reign of Přemysl Otakar II. The bridge is in the south Bohemia in Písek and it is 109.75 m long. The name of the river is Otava.
1000 – 1500 Ponds The first ponds appeared in the 12th century. The largest Czech pond is Rožmberk, which has an area of 4.89 km2.
Ponds – fish farming In the Czech lands, fish farming tradition dates back to the 12th century. Traditional fish farms are in the South Bohemia.
The most important ponds Rožmberk (Lužnice) Horusický rybník (Lužnice) Bezdrev (Vltava) Dvořiště (Lužnice) Velký Tisý (Lužnice) Záblatský rybník (Lužnice) Nesyt (Dyje)
Ponds First ponds were established in southern Bohemia in the 14th century, when Charles IV reigned. 20 ponds were founded in that area in 100 years.
Lakes The most famous Máchovo jezero – Mácha lake is not a lake, but it is a pond. It was built in 1366 during the reign of Charles IV.
Water mills The first water mills in our country were built in the 12th century. The monks brought them to Bohemia. The water wheel is the basis of the water mill.
1500 – 1800 Plague epidemics Plague epidemics were caused also by contamined water.
1800 – 1900 Water and transport There weren‘t sailing boats on our rivers. For water transport the artificial Schwarzenberg Canal was built in Šumava. The first steamer - Božek steamship - appeared in Prague 1.6. 1817, however, larger steamers boom dates back to the last third of the 19th century. Motor boats appeared on our rivers in 20th century.
1800 – 1900 Water and energy Hydroelectric Power in Písek It was constructed in 1888 in Písek. It was set up following the great success of the promotional lighting by František Křižík 23.6. 1887. Písek became the first town in the Czech Republic with permanent electric lighting.
1800 – 1900 Water and energy Hydroelectric power Želina It is a remarkable architectural and technical- historical monument. It was in operation from 1908-1925 and in 1994 was inducted into its original state.