Prezentace na téma: "INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu 21. stol. Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním."— Transkript prezentace:
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu 21. stol. Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky.
Defining and non-defining relative clauses Vztažné věty
Defining relative clauses Task: underline the relative clause 1/ A king is a person who rules the country. 2/ A dinosaur is an animal that lived a long time ago. 3/ A bank is a place where you go to get some money.
Relative clauses We use relative clauses to give additional information about something (a noun) without starting another sentence. Usually we use these relative pronouns: 1/ who (a person) 2/ which (a thing) 3/ that (a person or a thing) 4/ where (a place) 5/ whose 6/ why (reason) 7/ when (time)
Give a definition A princess A frog A museum A mug A library A newspaper A plane A flower Is a girl who wears a beautiful dress, lives in a castle and will marry a prince
Defining relative clause Points to the particular person / thing Ex. The person who brought us the coffee had very nice eyes. The house where she lives is very far. Has no commas!!! Relative pronouns (not always obligatory): 1/ who 2/ which 3/ that
In defining relative clauses we might drop the relative pronoun completely: if the subject of defining clause is an object of main clause Ex. The book (which) I bought is not very good. The boy (who/whom) we met esterday was Alice’s brother.
Fill in the correct relative pronoun 1/ This is the house ______ my parents want to buy. 2/ Who was the girl _____ I saw you talking to? 3/ What do you call the people ____ live in Scotland? 4/ The postcard ______ I send you was written on the summit of Ben Nevis. 5/ The school ______ I study is called MG.
Non-defining relative clauses Give us only further information about something Do not influence the meaning of the sentence We can leave them out completely We use commas!!! Ex. John Grisham, who writes about legal things, is my favourite author.
Relative pronouns: 1/ who 2/ which In non-defining relative clauses the relative pronoun must be always present!!!
Defining or non-defining relative clause? 1/ My students who never do their homework will fail the exam. 2/ Valencia, which is Spain's third largest city, is on the Mediterranean coast. 3/ That dog whose bone you took is going to bite your leg off. 4/ They want to show me their new car they bought in Germany. 5/ The tree in front of my house, which I used to climb as a child, had to be cut down.
Common mistake WHAT vs WHICH WHAT is not a relative pronoun We cannot say: Ex. Tell me something what I do not know. We must say: Ex. Tell me something that I do not know.
How to Shorten Relative Clauses? Relative clauses with who, which, that as subject can be replaced with a participle: Ex. I told you about the strange guy who lives next door. I told you about the strange guy living next door.
Further practice http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/grammar/relative-clauses#h05http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/grammar/relative-clauses#h05 http://valenciaenglish.netfirms.com/relative x.htmhttp://valenciaenglish.netfirms.com/relative x.htm
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.