3General discussion – itroduction to the topic What is ecology?Are you green?Do you recycle at home? What and how?What do you do to protect the environment?Do you like animals? Which?Do you like nature? Why?Do you make your own clothes?Have you ever planted a tree?Do you use public transport when you move in a town?Have you ever visited an ecological farm ?Have you ever made a fire in the forest?Do you think the Earth is in danger? Why?Have you ever been to a zoo? When and where?Do you drive a car? How often do you use it?Do you prefer living in the country or in a city?Would you like to work in a National Park?Have you ever been to a rainforest?Do you celebrate Earth's day?Have you ever cried after seeing a natural disaster?Do you ask for plastic bags when you go shopping?Do you think that preserving the environment is important for the people's future?How can we achieve environmental sustainability?What can the government do to lower CO2 emission?What natural recourses do we waste? Why?What do you know about endangered species? Describe one endangered animal.What eco-friendly products do you use? If you don’t, why?Have you ever been to a wildlife sanctuary? Why are they so important?Does consumerist lifestyle influence natural environment? Why (not)?Is organic food popular in your country? Why (not)?Talk about 3 things which, you think, are the most harmful to the environment.What’s your opinion on commercial forestry?Talk about irreparable damage caused by logging rainforests.How can we deal with a problem of overpopulation?How has climate change affected your country?How can we prevent soil erosion?What should we do to conserve water and energy?
4Can you explain these words? BIODIVERSITY CLIMATE FOOD CHAIN ECOSYSTEM SPECIES CONSUMER EXTINCTION GLOBAL WARMING RAINFOREST ATMOSPHERE POLLUTION OIL ACID RAIN ENERGY SOURCE OZONE LAYER CHEMICALS PHOTOSYNTHESIS ENVIRONMENT BIODEGRADABLE WASTE DESERT HABITAT GAS DEFORESTATION TRASH DROUGHT CONSERVATION REUSE POPULATION FUELWhat would you do in these situations?If you were dying of hunger, would you eat an endangered species?If you could be one extinct animal for one day, what animal would you be?Would you cut down a tree if it grew in front of your house spoiling your view and making your house dark?How would your life change, if you could only use solar power?What would you do if you were caught in the middle of an earthquake?If you could choose, would you rather be a mammal or a reptile?If you were the president, what would you do to protect wildlife?If we made people drink water they pollute, would they change their behavior?If you saw an old, sick beaver destroying a tree would you help the beaver or the tree?To save the energy, would you agree to use only candles at night?To fight overpopulation, would you let people have only one child?If you could help countries suffering from drought by taking a shower once a month, would you agree to do it?These are the 10 amendments of ecology – what do you think about them?Love nature as you love yourself.Actions speak louder than words.Protect the rain forest. Life on Earth depends on their preservation.Respect life – animal and plant.Don´t kill.Don´t pollute the air that you breathe.Don´t destroy the Earth by stripping it of its nutrients.Don´t kill or destroy for greed.Don´t reduce your environment to a litter dump.Don´t use up all the Earth´s resources. Life belongs to those who have not been born yet.
5Ecology – links and resources - ekologie, zprávy a novinky- ekologická společnost USA- novinky ze světa vědy a ekologie- ekologické problémy- články zaměřené na celosvětové a environmentální problémy- ekologický magazín pro výuku- rady pro učitele ekologie- hry a aktivity pro studenty ekologie- výukový portál pro menší děti- portál pro děti vyučující ekologii- budoucnost a minulost ekologie- budoucí ekologie– budoucí hrozby
7DiscussionWhere is the Earth?What colour does it have? Why?What parts of the Earth can you name?What kind of climate can people live in?What layers are there in and above the Earth?What are some problems of the Earth?How many people are there on the Earth?Is the number of animal species rising or decreasing? Why?Are you optimistic or pesimistic when it comes to the future of our planet?Say a little bit about...LIFE IN THE OCEANS ______________________________________LIFE IN THE DESERT ______________________________________LIFE IN FROZEN PLACES ______________________________________LIFE IN THE MOUNTAINS ______________________________________LIFE IN GREAT PLAINS AND GRASSLANDS ____________________________LIFE IN THE JUNGLE ______________________________________LIFE IN THE CAVES ______________________________________LIFE IN THE FRESH WATER ______________________________________Ecosystems - dicussionWhat kinds of ecosystems do you know? What are their typical features?1)2)3)4)5)
8History of the EarthHow old is your planet?How was it created? Are there more theories?Who were the dinosaurs?What happened to them? Can you imagine they wouldn´t become extinct?How long is human history?What are some stages of human development?How was the landscape created?How were mountains created?What was ice-age? Do you think another one will come?Why did some animals die out?How did vulcanoes affect the creation of the Earth?Do you think that the creation of the human kind was a good thing for the Earth?Use the following word in a sentence and comment itCLIMATE __________________________________________DISASTER __________________________________________ANIMALS __________________________________________ATMOSPHERE __________________________________________WATER __________________________________________RECYCLING __________________________________________WASTE __________________________________________CLOUD __________________________________________SUN __________________________________________MOON __________________________________________Choose whether the following statements are TRUE of FALSEMercury is the planet closest to the sun.The surface of Earth is mostly land.Astronauts have landed on Mars.There are no planets beyond our solar system.The sun is a star.Astronauts weigh the same on other planets as they do on Earth.A planet creates its own light.An astronomer explores space with a telescope.The planets in our solar system orbit the moon.An astronaut goes into space aboard spaceships.Gravity keeps us from flying off into space.A moon is larger than the planet it revolves around.
9Earth – links and resources - planeta Země- informace o planetě- planeta Země rozcestník- planeta Země videa- planeta Země, prostředí, problémy, prehistorie a člověk- kolekce videí- vývoj zvířat a jejich vliv na vývoj Země- život pod vodou- zvířecí druhy a jejich počet- problémy, kterým planeta čelí- video jeskyně- video džungle- video pouště- deštné pralesy
11Use these words in sentences DEW RAINBOW TYPHOON OCEAN DROP RIVER STORM BLACK ICE EVAPORATE STEAM FLOW FLOOD LEAK HAIL FOG SURFACE WATER FRESH DRIZZLEDiscussionWhat forms of water do you know?What is the water cycle?Can you describe the picture?What verbs connected to water do you know?What is drinkable water?What kinds of bodies of water do you know?Which natural disasters are connected to water anyhow?How do people use water?What are some problems of the mankind connected to water?What is water industry?
12Finish these sentences... or find out the beginning... Clouds are formed by _____________Water droplets that are too heavy to float make _____________Moisture that falls to the ground is _____________Most of the water that evaporates on the earth comes from ____________Water vapor that condenses on cool surfaces is _____________Weather that is so dry that nothing can grow is called _____________The water cycle is possible because of ___________ (planet / star)________________ is the process by which water flows over the surface of the ground.The continuous movement of water from the oceans and freshwater sources to the air and land and back to the oceans is called the ____________A man-made body of fresh water used as a source of drinking water is called a ______________________________ is the process by which liquid water changes to water vapor.________________ is the process by which water evaporates from the leaves of plants.________________ is the process by which water vapor changes to liquid water.________________ is the process by which water, in any form, falls from the atmosphere to the Earth’s surface.Say something about:The longest rivers...The biggest oceans...The biggest Czech dams...Weather in the Czech Republic...Problems that can be caused by water...Situation of rivers in the Czech Republic...Floods in the Czech Republic...Weather on the Poles...Water industry in the Czech Republic...The things that you can see underwater...Whale hunting...Melting of icebergs...The weather in the future... what is your opinion?Behaviour of icebergs and glaciers? And what is the difference between them?The future of water industry...Fishing industry...
13Water cycle - links http://water.org/ - informace o vodě, charita - zprávy o počasí a vodě- hydrosféra– hydrosféra – informace a video- voda, informace pro děti- formy vodyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_pollution - znečištění vody- fakta o problémech s vodou- spotřeba a problémy vody – další odkazy- voda jako mezinárodní problém- voda v přírodních katastrofách– kvalita vody při přírodních katastrofách
15Find the right anwer and comment it People love outdoor acitivites – look at these pictures, comment them and say whether you like this activity or not and would you like to try it?Find the right anwer and comment itWhere can I find Mount Everest? Would you like to climb it?Where is Sierra Nevada? What weather would you expect there?Where are the Dolomites?Where can I find Mont Blanc?Where is Mount Aconcagua?What is Mount Etna famous for?In which countries can I find the Alps?Can you say something about Czech mountains? Choose two moutain ranges and compare them. Why do tourists go there and are Czech moutains popular with tourists and sportsmen?Guess the right wordWhat is a huge mass of snow falling down the mountain called? ___________We sleep in it when we sleep in the mountains, we carry with it us. __________It´s a place from which we can see far away and we enjoy it. ____________It helps us to get up the hill, it has chairs and skiers use it too. ___________It´s a dark place in the mountain, prehistoric people used to live there. _______It´s a thing that helps us with orientation. It tells us where the south is. _______It´s huge piece of ice in the mountains. _________If you don´t drink enough, you might be ____________.
16Have a look at the map below and try to draw the highest mountains and mountain ranges that you know and comment them a little bit.Try to find the correct answerHow high is Mt. Everest, the highest mountain in the world?a) 9,933 meters b) 8,850 meters c) 6,011 metersWhat is the longest mountain range in the world?a) Himalayas b) Rocky Mountains c) AndesWhich of these mountains is also an active volcano?a) Popocatépetl b) Mauna Kea c) Pobeda PeakWhich is the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere?a) Mt. McKinley b) Aconcagua c) AnnapurnaMt. Ararat, long thought to be the traditional resting place of Noah's Ark, is located where?a) Eastern Turkey b) Northern Afghanistan c) Southern EthiopiaIn which country is Mount Fuji located?a)Japan b) Peru c) North KoreaIn which country is Mt Kilimanjaro located?a) Zimbabwe b) Australia c) TanzaniaWhich of these mountains is the highest mountain in the United States?a) Mt. Hood b) Mt. McKinley c) Pike´s PeakKey1b2c3a4b5a6a7c8b
17Mountains - links- formace hor- formace hor - video- sopka- sopky – video- nejvyšší hory- horské aktivity- sopky a informace o nich- jak přežít v horách- hory pod mořemhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mid-ocean_ridge - středooceánský hřbet- tektonické desky- předpověď počasí různých hor- co s sebou do hor
19Parts of a plant and their function – explain the function and say what you know about it What is a root?What is a stem?What is a leaf?What is a flower?What is a seed?What is fruit?Plants and herbs used in the kitchen – look at the names of the plants and herbs and comment their use and place of originOREGANO _____________________________________________CELERY _____________________________________________PERSLEY _____________________________________________MINT _____________________________________________GREEN ONION _____________________________________________ROSEMARY _____________________________________________DILL _____________________________________________SORREL _____________________________________________CORIANDER _____________________________________________SCALLION _____________________________________________Comment these statementsIn one year, the average tree gives off enough oxygen to allow four people to breathe for a year.Bamboo plants can grow up to 90 cm in one day.There is a flower called the Scarlet Pimpernel that can forecast the weather. If the flower is closed up, rain is coming and if it is opened up, the day will be sunny.A maple tree yields 2 pounds of sugar a year and can be productive for a century.There are 30,000 species of edible plants in the world. But just 20 of them, including corn, rice, and wheat provide 90% of the world’s food.No tree dies of old age.
20Can you name...all the kinds of berries you know?all the types of flowers you know?all the types of trees you know?plants you can see in the desert?plants you can see in the jungle?plants you can see in Greenland?plants you can see in the Czech Republic?plants you can see under water?Plant alphabet – try to find one or more plants for these letters of the alphabetA ________________________________________________________B ________________________________________________________C ________________________________________________________E ________________________________________________________H ________________________________________________________L ________________________________________________________M ________________________________________________________O ________________________________________________________P ________________________________________________________R ________________________________________________________T ________________________________________________________Match the plant with its seed / fruitAPPLE TREE 1) CHERRIESCHERRY TREE 2) LEMONHAZEL 3) CONELEMON TREE 4) GRAPESGROUND NUT 5) APPLESPRUCE 6) PEANUTGRAPEVINE 7) BEECHMASTPALM TREE 8) COCONUTOAK 9) ACORNBEECH 10) HAZELNUT
21Plants - links- rostliny pro děti, vysvětlení a rozdělení- databáze rostlin- biologie rostlin- rozdělení rostlin- toxické a netoxické rostliny- zelené království - rozdělení rostlin a popis- biologie – rozcestník- biologie – všeobecná- rostliny budoucnosti- biologie pro děti, cvičení- rostliny vs. Evropská Unie- rostliny deštných pralesů- rostliny pouští- jedovaté rostliny
23DiscussionWhat is the food chain?Describe photosynthesis in your ownwords.Name things necessary for photosynthesis.What is photosynthesis good for?How does water take part in thephotosynthesis?6. Is light important in photosynthesis? Why?7. Is suger needed for photosynthesis?Can you name any decomposing animals or organisms?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________What food do these animals eat? Are they carnivores, omnivores or herbivores?DOG _________________________________________OCTOPUS _________________________________________TIGER _________________________________________ANT _________________________________________BEE _________________________________________SHARK _________________________________________WHALE _________________________________________SNAIL _________________________________________MOUSE _________________________________________CAMEL _________________________________________LLAMA _________________________________________KANGAROO _________________________________________MOLE _________________________________________COBRA _________________________________________COW _________________________________________
24Do you know the answer?Describe what would happen if one link of a food chain were to die off.Where do plants get their energy from?Are there any animals that don´t eat anything?Is the toad a producer or a consumer?Is the lion part of the food chain?What is the food chain in Antarctica fragile?What is the position of worms in the food chain?Is there any special term for animals eating only insect?What kind of examples of the food chain can be found on the beach?Who eats snakes?What/Who is on the top of the food chain?Would anything change of all insect would disappear?What are primary consumers?What are secondary consumers?Name these animals, talk about their food, environment, position in the food chain and some other features of their lives.Can you explain these words? Can you comment them as well?CHAIN ________________________________________________CONSUME ________________________________________________DIET ________________________________________________EQUILIBRIUM ________________________________________________FOOD ________________________________________________INSECT ________________________________________________DIE ________________________________________________KILL ________________________________________________PLANT ________________________________________________PREY ________________________________________________
25Food chain - links- potravinový řetězec- potravinový řetězec, pyramida i rozdělení zvířat- hra na potravinový řetězec pro děti- fotosyntéza- masožravci- všežravci- býložravci- jak ochránit potravinový řetězec- potravinové řetězce v oceánech- potravinové řetězce v různých prostředích
27What is in the picture?Where do they live?What do they eat?What do they do all day long?What do they do during winter months?Can they swim?Why are they endangered?Are they dangerous?What is it?What does it eat?Where does it live?What do you know about their reproduction?What are some special abilities of these creatures?Are they endangered?Can they talk?Would you like to have this animal at home?What kind of animal is this?Where can we meet it?How does it move?Is it dangerous? Why?Can you name any kinds of snakes?Why are people afraid of them?Do we have snakes in the Czech Republic?What do they eat?What do they do during winter months?Is their tongue anyhow special?Where is this animal?Does it live alone or in groups?What does it eat?Where can we see it?Can you name some parts of its body?Is it endangered? Why?How many „babies“ do they have?Do they prefer hot or cold water?Do they eat other big fish?How do they hunt?
28DiscussionCan you name any African animals?Can you name animals that love cold weather?Can you name any animals that live under water?Can you name any animals that have fur?Can you name any animals with big ears?Can you name any animals that live in Australia?Can you name any animals having a hoof?Which are some of the biggest animals of all?Which are some of the smallest animals of all?Which animals are almost extinct?Which animals can be found on the South Pole?Which animals can jump?Which animals drink people´s blood?Can you name any farm animals?Which animal has a long neck?Can you name dangerous animals? Why are they dangerous?What would you do if you saw a tiger?What would you do if you saw a lion running towards you?What would you do if a snake bit you?What would you do if a shark was coming closer to you?Would you eat insect?How would you feel if you had to be in one cage with a tiger?Would you ever eat alive animals?Guess the animalA______ I start with an A and live in a colony. You can call me a workaholic.B ______ Once I was a caterpillar and now I am an insect. B is my first letter …B ______ I’m big and I have brown fur. I live in the forest in Alaska. I like eating salmon.D ______ I´m the men´s best friend.E ______ They say I am the biggest. I have a trunk, males have two tusks.H ______ I’m small and white or brown. I live on the farm. I lay eggs.H ______ I like bathing in the mud and my mouth is very big.S ______ I’m a very large fish. I have very sharp teeth and a triangular fin on my back.W _____ I can breathe through a hole on top of my head.
29Animals - links http://a-z-animals.com/animals/ - zvířata od A-Z - zvířata, informace a videa- zajímavosti o zvířatech- zprávy ze světa zvířat- organizace pro záchranu zvířat- rozdělení zvířat a informace pro děti- videa zvířat ze všech koutů země- zvířata pod vodou- zvířata v jeskyních- pouštní zvířata- zvířata v džungli- zvířata v horách- hmyz- zvířata pod zemí
31DiscussionWhy is the climate changing?What is the greenhouse effect?What can you say about the atmosphere of our planet?How does the climate influence plants and animals?How does the climate influence people and their environment?What are some theories about the future of the planet connected to its climate?Do you think people do enough to protect our planet?What should they do?How can you personally help the planet?What is energy?Why do we need energy for our body?Why do we need energy for our life?What kinds of energy do you know?Is energy hamful?How do we get our energy?What do we use and destroy while „producing“ the energy we need?Which energy will be used in the future?How is our environment changing as we live in it?How does our environment effect us?What are some illnesses caused by the environment we live in?What is farming?How does farming influence our planet?What do people grow and breed at farms?What would happen if there was lack of food?Are there places where peope have no food? Why?What is nuclear power?What are the PROs and CONs of nuclear power?What is overpopulation?What causes it?Should there be limits for the number of children people have in order to safe the planet?How would you solve the problem of overpopulation?What is pollution?How does water or air get polluted?What are resources? Can you name any of them?What is recycling? What is it good for?What do you think about the future of the planet?
32Explain these wordsHUNGER ________________________________________________DEATH ________________________________________________NUCLEAR PLANT ________________________________________________POLLUTION ________________________________________________NUTRIENT ________________________________________________WASTE ________________________________________________POPULATION ________________________________________________SMOG ________________________________________________DEFORESTATION ________________________________________________SEA LEVER RISE ________________________________________________EROSION ________________________________________________PESTICIDE ________________________________________________ASTHMA ________________________________________________OVER-CONSUMPTION ________________________________________________EARTHQUAKE ________________________________________________Write the name of the disaster to these statementsLevel of rivers rises dramatically _______________The lava flows down the hill _______________Houses are damaged and roofs fly in the sky _______________People die under the snow _______________A big wave comes to the coast and damages houses _______________Everything shakes, houses fall and traffic colapses _______________Huge mass of soil moves from one place to another _______________Everything is extremely dry, plants and animals die _______________Can you comment these natural disasters?The explosion in TchernobylThe Tunguska ExplosionHaiti earthquake 2010Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004Mount VesuviusUse these words in sentencesSNOW WATER MUD DEATH HUNGER ILLNESS VICTIM WITNESS ERRUPTION FLOOD DAMAGE FIRE PROBLEM WARNING ALARM HURRICANE LAVA EXPLOSION
33Environmental problems - links - celkové zprávy týkající se stavu planety a prostředí- problémy vs. jejich možná řešení- podrobné vysvětlení jednotlivých problémůnejdůležitejších problémů- rozcestník s odkazy- jednotlivá témata a jejich vysvětlení- kniha - prostředí + dobytek- jak chránit Zemi- zprávy ze světa životního prostředí- ekologie pro děti- problémy životního prostředí v Číně- problémy v ČR
35Why do some animals become extinct? DiscussionWhy do some animals become extinct?Who/What causes the extinction of animals?What can we do to help them?Is it a good solution to put those animals into ZOOs and reservations?What do you think about ZOOs in general?Do plants also disappear from our planet? Why?What are the medicinal reasons for animals and plants becoming extinct?What are the agricultural reasons for animals and plants becoming extinct?What are the ecological reasons for animals and plants becoming extinct?What are the commercial reasons for animals and plants becoming extinct?What are the recreational reasons for animals and plants becoming extinct?What are the aeshetic reasons for animals and plants becoming extinct?What is in the picture?Where does this animal live?What do you know about them?Why are they endangered?Can they be helped anyhow?Are there any legends connected to whales?What do people do with their bodies?Do they spend their lives in one place?What is in the picture?Where does this animal live?What does it eat?Why do people kill it?How is it protected?What will happen if they disappear completely?Are they dangerous? How do they hunt?What is in the picture?Where does this animal live?Do they live in groups?What can you say about their life and activities?Why are they endangered?Do people help them or harm them?Why do some rich people want baby gorillas or gorilla heads?
36What is in the picture?Where is it from?What does it eat?Do they live in reservations or in the wild?Do people kill them?Why are they endangered?Which country is their home?What does this animal do all day long?What is this?Where is it?What do they eat?Why do people kill them?What is their natural habitat?Can we see them in the ZOO?Do you think it´s natural for animals to become extinct?This is a kingfisher bird – do you know it?Where does it live?How does it get its food?Why do you think birds become extict?Do you think that some animals are useless or do you think that all animals have their purpose?Why do male birds have colourful feathers while famale birds don´t?What is this?Where is it?Why do fish become extinct?Why do people catch fish that they know are endangered?Do people always catch fish for food?What do you know about sharks?What do they eat and how do they hunt?Are people afraid of the sharks? Why?
37Endangered species - links - ohrožená zvířata– ohrožená zvířata - rozcestník pro děti- ochrana afrických zvířat- světová organizace pro ochranu- ohrožená zvířata v jednotlivých kontinentech- informace o ohrožených druzích- ohrožená zvířata v deštném pralese- ohrožená zvířata v mořích- programy k ochraně zvířat- zprávy a novinky ze světa ohrožených zvířat- jednotlivé druhy a stádium jejich ohrožení- amazonský prales a jeho ohrožené druhy– celkový seznam všech ohrožených druhů
39DiscussionWhat kind of natural resources can you name?What are the natural resources used for?Which are the most expencive natural resources?What is depletion of natural resources?What will happen when we have no petroleum?What kinds of energy do you know?Why is gold so expencive?What do you know about diamond mining?Can you comment the way diamonds are being mined?Which states are famous for having much petroleum?What is petroleum used for?Which natural resources can be found in the sea?Are there any natural resources in the forest?Name some renewable resources?Comment these factsFreshwater only makes 2.5% of the total volume of the world's water.Consider that 70% of that freshwater is in the form of ice and permanent snow cover and that we only have access to 200,000km3 of freshwater overall.By 2025, 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity.Measured total global oil is million tonnes (from proved oil resources at the end of 2010). This is only enough to oil for the next 46.2 years.There is enough gas only for 58.6 years of global production.As China and other developing countries continue to increase their appetite for coal, demand could finally outstrip supply. As it is, we have enough coal to meet 188 years of global production.DiscussionWhich natural resources does your family use?Which natural resources do you think you would miss the most?Do you recycle?Do you waste natural resources anyhow?Do you use your car every day?What kind of heating do you have in your house?Do you waste food?Do you protect the animals and the land anyhow?
40Do you know the answer?Name a fossil fuel that is in the form of a rock _________________Name the fossil fuel that in the gas _________________Petroleum is a key material for the production of _________________Name a fossil fuel that in a liquid _________________The process of searching for new reserves of resources iscalled _________________Releasing of harmful staff into the environment is called _________________The process of turning used material into something newis called _________________Energy from the Sun is called _________________Place where electricity is made is called _________________Energy produced in atomic fission is called _________________Name some...Water resources _______________________________________________Energy resources _______________________________________________Fossil fuels _______________________________________________Renewable resources _____________________________________Nonrenewable resources _____________________________________Mineral resources _______________________________________________What do you see in this picture?Can you comment each picture?
41Natural resources - links - společnost pro ochranu životního prostředí- problémy způsobené nedostatkem zdrojů- přírodní zdroje Afriky– mapa přírodních zdrojů v Africe– přírodní zdroje v Evropě- nejdůležitější zdroje Evropyhttps://www.commbank.com.au/corporate/industries/natural-resources/metals-mining.html - kovy a jejich těžba- důležité zdroje v České republice- nakládání se zdroji- budoucnost zdrojů- jak zachovat zdroje pro další generace
43DiscussionDo you like gardening?What is grown in the Czech Republic?Is there a lot of money in agriculture?Is it a good business?What can you say about life of a farmer?What can you say about Czech agriculture?How does the EU influence our agriculture?What is grown in Asia? Comment it.What is grown in Africa? Comment it.Is there lack of food in the world? Why?How does weather influence the agriculture?What happens when there is no crops in some area?How does lack of water influence the crops?What causes the decrease of fish in the oceans?Do you agree with the use of chemicals in the agriculture?Why are chemicals used?What is genetical engineering and how does it influence agriculture?What are the dangers of using genetical engineering in agriculture?What is a rain-forest?What is deforestation?Does deforestation influence the climate anyhow?How does agriculture influence ecosystems?How does draught influence the crops?How does mass-farming influence the soil?Does agriculture influence the green-house effect anyhow?Which animals are the most needed for the world population?Does the number of animals influence the environment?What is organic food?What is sometimes done animals to that they grow faster and get bigger?Do you always know the origin of the food you eat?Would you pay money if you knew your food was produced without the use of chemicals?Do people waste food?Do supermarkets waste food?Why are there countries where people have no food and countries where people waste their food?What problems will arise in the future according to your opinion?Can you comment the quality of food that you buy?Why is the quality of food important for you?
44Comment these pictures – try to mention words connected to them, explain them and try to find a connection with the Czech RepublicComment these picturesWhat is the person doing?What does he need for this activitiy?Where is this activity done?Why do people do these activities?Can you name any more acitivites connected with gardening, farming, agriculture?Which means of transport are being used in agriculture?
45Global agriculture - links - světové zemědělství- světové fórum ohledně světového zemědělství- statistiky a data světového zemědělství- světové zemědělství – novinky a problémy- zprávy ze světa zaměřené na planetu- zemědělství, hrozby a budoucnost– statistiky EU v produkci- Organizace spojených národů – informace a statistiky– rozcestník zemědělských odkazů a informací- budoucnost zemědělství- historie zemědělství
47CORAL REEF ILLEGAL TOXIC STARVATION DiscussionCan you name the problems the planet and people are facing?What do you know about Global warming and its effects?What do you know about millitarism and weapon industry?Who causes the extinction of sea animals?How are most products produced?Where do people get materials for production?What are the impacts of production on the environment, society and people?What is consumption? How does it influence people?What is mass-production?What is the difference between necessity and luxury?How do consumption habits change as societies change?What is poverty?What causes it?What are the poorest countries of the world?What is free trade and its problems?How do wars change our planet?Why don´t people protect our planet?What can you say about the future of our planet?What is acid rain?What is desertification?What is the ozon hole? What caused it?Do you think that new problems will arise?Can you use these words in sentences and comment them?HUNGER TERRORISM RELIGION PROTECTION SOLDIER WEAPON DESERT ECOSYSTEM FUTURE WASTE EXTINCTION RICH POPULATION REFUGEE MIGRATIONCORAL REEF ILLEGAL TOXIC STARVATION
48Key: 1T 2F (China) 3T 4T 5F (600 mil.) 6F Decide whether the following statement is TRUE or FALSEHuman population has reached 6 billion already.The most-populous country of the world is India.Tokyo is the biggest city of all with the population of 33 million people.The most widely spoken language of all is Mandarin Chinese.Around 100 million cars are used every day.War is a useful and quick way of solving disagreements.Key:1T2F (China)3T4T5F (600 mil.)6FExplain the wordStarving ______________________________________________Petrol ______________________________________________Overpopulation ______________________________________________Waste ______________________________________________Green energy ______________________________________________Drinking water ______________________________________________Smog ______________________________________________Financial crisis ______________________________________________Capitalism ______________________________________________Labour ______________________________________________Look at the following picture, talk about the words you see, discuss them, explain them, use them in a sentence.
49Global problems - links - globální problémy rozcestník– pojednání o globálních problémech a jejich řešení- globální problémy v Africe- globální problémy, témata a pojednání- rozestník a pojednání o jednotlivých problémech- problémy 21.století- lidstvo a problémy, kterým čelínejvětších problémů lidstva- přelidnění- hladomor- stránky o terorismu– Mírové sbory a jejich aktivity
51What do you know about the Czech Republic? Where is the Czech Republic?Can you say something about its climate?Can you say something about its landscape?Can you say something about the mountains?Can you say something about the rivers?Which animals can I see in Czech farms?Which animals can I see in Czech forests?Which animals can I see in Czech rivers?Are there any endangered species in the Czech Republic?Which environmental problems does the Czech Republic face?What is Boubín?What kinds of habitat can be found in the Czech Republic?What can you say about Czech people?Which ethnical groups can be found in the Czech Republic?How would you describe a forest as an ecosystem?What kind of trees can I see in Czech forests?Are Czech forests endangered by anything?Can you compare Czech forests to these places?TUNDRA ________________________________________________TAYGA _______________________________________________DESERT _______________________________________________STEPPE _______________________________________________RAIN FOREST _______________________________________________JUNGLE _______________________________________________BUSHES _______________________________________________ARCTIC PLAINS _______________________________________________Food chain – What do they eat?DEER _____________________________________________LYNX _____________________________________________EAGLE _____________________________________________SNAIL _____________________________________________OAT _____________________________________________CZECH PEOPLE _____________________________________________
52What can you say about the Czech Republic versus... What is in these pictures? Which plants and animals can be found there?What can you say about the Czech Republic versus...AGRICULTURE ___________________________________POLLUTION ___________________________________NUCLEAR ENERGY ___________________________________NATURAL DISASTERS ___________________________________POPULATION ___________________________________WAY OF LIFE ___________________________________SOIL PROTECTION ___________________________________FARMING ___________________________________SOIL EROSION ___________________________________EXTINCTION OF ANIMALS ___________________________________How do you personally... help the planet?pollute our planet?help to endangered animals?choose the food you eat?support Czech industry?save energy?avoid wasting food, energy and resources?
53The Czech Republic - links - ČR oficiální stránka- turismus ČR- rozcestník aktivit v ČR- armáda ČR- zajímavosti o ČRnejzajímavějších informací o ČR- kultura ČR- informace a statistiky ČR- nejznámější Češi- průmysl ČR- zeměpis a mapy ČR- jídlo ČR
55Are you ECO friendly?If you take more food than you can eat, do you throw the leftovers in the trash?Do you use paper cups and plates for cookouts or picnics?Do you throw away aluminium cans or plastic bottles?Do you use just one side of your writing paper?When you see papers on the floor or ground do you leave them there?Do you buy lots of books and magazines instead of using the library?Do you use paper towels for drying your hands or cleaning up spills?Do you leave the light on in your room when you're not there?Can you make a definition of these words?DUMP -ORGANIC FARMING -ORGANIC WASTE -DISPOSABLE -RECYCLED PAPER -LITTER PREVENTION -POLLUTION PREVENTION -COMPOST -ECOSHOPPER -ENERGY EFFICIENT HOMES -SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT -DEFORESTATION -What is in these pictures? What do you know about them?
56Do you know the correct answer? 1. A term used to describe the heating of the atmosphere. G _______ E ________The energy from the sun to produce electric power. S ________ E ________Destruction of forests to make land for agriculture. D _________________Protecting, maintaining or improving natural resources to keep them safe from destruction or degradation. C ___________A reduction of the ice due to increasing temperatures and eventually leading to a rise in the amount of water in sea and oceans. I _______ M ________Large number of natural and synthetic materials, including manure and compounds containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, spread on or worked into soil to increase its capacity to support plant growth. F __________Contamination of the air, water or soil with substances that can cause harm to human health or the environment. P _________Animals and plants threatened of extinction. E ________ S ________The change from once fertile land into desert as a result of factors including climatic variations and human activities. D ___________An increase in the earth's average atmospheric temperature that causes corresponding changes in climate. G __________ W __________A period of dry weather, especially a long one that is injurious to crops. D ______A mixture of various decaying organic substances, as dead leaves or manure, used for fertilizing soil. More and more households choose to this solution to fertilize their gardens. C _________greenhouse effectsolar energydeforestationconservationice-meltingfertilizerspollutionendangered speciesdesertificationglobal warmingdraughtcompostWhat do you know about....recycling of paperrecycling of electronicsrecycling of textilesrecycling of toxic wasterecycling in the Czech Republic and attitude of Czech people towards recycling in generalCzech landfillslandfills in Africa and the conditions thereCyote protocolsmog in Chinaoverpopulation vs. recycling and pollutionwaste vs. 3rd world countriesfuture ways of recycling
57Recycling - links- recyklace, vysvětlení a pojmy- recyklace, materiály- recyklace, novinky a zprávy- recyklace nebezpečných odpadů– recyklace domácích odpadů- skládka– skládky a jejich problémy- Africké skládky- recyklace a budoucnost- nápady jak žít v souladu s přírodou- green living- etický a EKO friendly styl života- učíme děti recyklovat, zprávy, projekty a aktivity
58REVISION TASKSEach student chooses one plant or animal and introduces it to the group.Each student choses his/her favourite chapter of this workbook and says something about it. Why he/she enjoyed it, which new words he/she learned, etc.Use these words in a sentenceWATER PLANT SOIL FOREST POLLUTION EXTINCTION VERTEBRATE CLAW MOUTH FOOD NUTRIENT BLOOD PHOTOSYNTHESIS SUN EARTH JAW FIN WATER ACID RAIN JUNGLE GORILLA TAIL RAPTILE SNAKE SNAIL HOT SPRING SNOW PEOPLE VOLCANO ERRUPTION MUD SWAMP STORM WEATHER HUMAN RACE SMOG MOON OZON SEASON FLOOD DRAUGHTEach student tries to describe something and the group guesses what he/she means. The group can talk about animals and plants.The teacher says a letter and the students have to say some word connected to biology as fast as possible.