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Modal Verbs = způsobová slovesa. Modal Verbs Can CouldCan Could May MightMay Might Will WouldWill Would Shall ShouldShall Should Must Have toMust Have.

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Prezentace na téma: "Modal Verbs = způsobová slovesa. Modal Verbs Can CouldCan Could May MightMay Might Will WouldWill Would Shall ShouldShall Should Must Have toMust Have."— Transkript prezentace:

1 Modal Verbs = způsobová slovesa

2 Modal Verbs Can CouldCan Could May MightMay Might Will WouldWill Would Shall ShouldShall Should Must Have toMust Have to NeedNeed = moci, umět = smět, možná = bude = mám (něco udělat) = muset = potřebovat = možná = by = měl bych = muset = mohl, směl

3 Modal Verbs Can not = can´tCan not = can´t May notMay not Will not = won´tWill not = won´t Shall notShall not Need not =Needn´t !!!Need not =Needn´t !!! Must not = Mustn´t!!!Must not = Mustn´t!!! Could not = Couldn´tCould not = Couldn´t Might notMight not Would not = wouldn´tWould not = wouldn´t Should not = shouldn´tShould not = shouldn´t = nemůžu, neumím = možná ne = nebude = nemám (něco udělat) = nemuset = nesmět = nemohl = možná ne = by ne = neměl by

4 Modal Verbs Ve všech osobách stejný tvar. (= infinitiv)Ve všech osobách stejný tvar. (= infinitiv) Oznamovací větu tvoříme následovně:Oznamovací větu tvoříme následovně: –podmět + způsobové sloveso + infinitiv I can swim. I can swim. He can swim. He can swim. Otázka se tvoří převrácením pořadí:Otázka se tvoří převrácením pořadí: –způsobové sloveso + podmět + infinitiv Can you swim? Can you swim? Can she swim? Can she swim? Zápor je tvořen přidáním záporného – not:Zápor je tvořen přidáním záporného – not: –Podmět + způsobové sloveso + not + infinitiv We can not swim. We can not swim. They can´t swim. They can´t swim.

5 Task 1 Choose a correct modal verb. Where is Peter? It´s 09:30 so he must/can´t/mustn´t be at school. The first lesson starts at 8 o´clock.Where is Peter? It´s 09:30 so he must/can´t/mustn´t be at school. The first lesson starts at 8 o´clock. Do you want me to call your parents so they must/can/can´t pick you up?Do you want me to call your parents so they must/can/can´t pick you up? I am sorry, but I mustn´t/must/can´t go to the cinema with you today.I am sorry, but I mustn´t/must/can´t go to the cinema with you today. You mustn´t/needn´t/can´t smoke at the bus station. It is not allowed.You mustn´t/needn´t/can´t smoke at the bus station. It is not allowed. It might/must/can be sunny tommorow. We have our trip to Prague.It might/must/can be sunny tommorow. We have our trip to Prague. I can´t/can/must get my computer to save this file.I can´t/can/must get my computer to save this file. You may/will/should wear glassess because you can´t see what´s on the board.You may/will/should wear glassess because you can´t see what´s on the board.

6 Task 1 Solution Task 1 Solution 1. Must 2. Can 3. Can´t 4. Mustn´t 5. Must 6. Can´t 7. Should

7 Task 2 needn´t can (3X) must need could should may mustn´t 1. She ___ run 5 kilometres a day. 2. When she was young, she _____ swim across the lake. 3. _____ you please tell me how to get there? 4. You _____ ask Jane to help you. 5. ____ I have some more coffee? 6. You _____ work hard to be good at school. 7. We ______ take an umbrella with us, in case it starts to rain. 8. You _____ call emergency if you are not in danger. 9. You ______to take her with you. You can go alone. 10. I ____ to buy something to eat. There is nothing in my fridge.

8 Task 2 Task 2 Solution 1. Can 2. Could 3. Can 4. May 5. Can 6. Must 7. Should 8. Mustn´t 9. Needn´t 10. Need More alternatives are possible.


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