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English grammar next Tenses 1.Present simple (PS) 2.Present continuous (PC) 3.Past simple (PastS) 4.Past continuous (PastC) nextback.

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Prezentace na téma: "English grammar next Tenses 1.Present simple (PS) 2.Present continuous (PC) 3.Past simple (PastS) 4.Past continuous (PastC) nextback."— Transkript prezentace:

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2 English grammar next

3 Tenses 1.Present simple (PS) 2.Present continuous (PC) 3.Past simple (PastS) 4.Past continuous (PastC) nextback

4 Rules PS We use the present simple: 1.when something takes place regularly (pravidelně) 2.when we talk about general truth (obecná pravda) 3.when we talk about permanent situation (trvalý stav) nextback

5 Examples PS I eat breakfast at seven o´clock. Snídám v sedm hodin. The moon orbits around the Earth. Měsíc obíhá zemi. The train to Ostrava leaves at nine a.m. Vlak do Ostravy odjíždí v devět hodin dopoledne. nextback

6 Choose the correct answer. We use present simple w hen something takes place regularly. TrueFalse

7 Present continuous continue

8 Rules PC We use the present continuous:: 1.to talk about the present moment (něco, co se odehrává v této chvíli) 2.to talk about the future arrangements and plans (zařízená událost, plán) nextback

9 Rules PC We use the present continuous: 3.to describe the temporary action (dočasná činnost) 4.for changing and developing situations (změna, rozvoj) 5.to criticize or complain (kritika, stížnost) nextback

10 Examples PC I am reading a book at this moment. Zrovna čtu knihu. We are having a party next Friday. Tento pátek máme party. He is working in London only during the summer holidays. Pracuje v Londýně jen přes léto. nextback

11 Examples PC The earth´s temperature is rising. Zemská teplota stoupá. You are always forgetting this! Vždycky zapomeneš! nextback

12 Choose the correct answer. We use present continuous mainly to talk about the present moment, future arrangements and changing situations. TrueFalse

13 Past simple continue

14 Rules PastS We use past simple: 1.for completed events in the past (ukončená událost) 2.for permanent situations in the past (trvalá událost v minulosti) nextback

15 Examples PastS I lived abroad for 2 years. Dva roky jsem bydlela v zahraničí. We went out together many times. Mnohokrát jsme byli spolu venku. nextback

16 Choose the correct answer. We use the past simple for completed or permanent situations. TrueFalse

17 Past continuous continue

18 Rules PastC We use past continuous: for an interrupted action (přerušená událost) for two actions happening at the same time (dvě události odehrávající se ve stejnou dobu) to express that something irritating often happened nextback

19 Examples PastC I was watching TV when the phone rang. Sledovala jsem TV, když zazvonil telefon. He was reading newspaper while I was preparing breakfast. Četl noviny, když jsem připravovala snídani. She was always coming late to class! Vždy chodila do školy pozdě! nextback

20 Choose the correct answer. We use the past continuous for an interrupted event or something irritating. TrueFalse

21 exit


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