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ŠKOLA: Gymnázium, Chomutov, Mostecká 3000, příspěvková organizace AUTOR:Jana Neradová NÁZEV:VY_32_INOVACE_03B_08_Questions, question tags TEMA:Gramatika.

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Prezentace na téma: "ŠKOLA: Gymnázium, Chomutov, Mostecká 3000, příspěvková organizace AUTOR:Jana Neradová NÁZEV:VY_32_INOVACE_03B_08_Questions, question tags TEMA:Gramatika."— Transkript prezentace:

1 ŠKOLA: Gymnázium, Chomutov, Mostecká 3000, příspěvková organizace AUTOR:Jana Neradová NÁZEV:VY_32_INOVACE_03B_08_Questions, question tags TEMA:Gramatika pro maturitní přípravu ČÍSLO PROJEKTU:CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ DATUM TVORBY:

2 Questions question tags

3 Anotace Materiál je určen žákům na úrovni B1,B2. V první části je koncipován jako stručné a přehledné opakování základních typů otázek a jejich hlavních rysů. Ve druhé části je uplatněn týž princip pro tázací dovětky. Materiál je plánován pro poslední ročník před maturitou ale může být použit dle potřeby při opakování probraného tématu i jindy. Slidy 4-7: Žáci si názorně zopakují pravidla a typy otázek. Slidy 8-11: Slouží témuž, ale o tázacích dovětcích. Slidy 12-17: Žáci pomocí digitálního pera vpisují správná řešení do tabulek. Úlohy lze též provádět fixem, nebo křídou do slidu, promítnutého na bílou interaktivní tabuli. Vzhledem k početně malým jazykovým skupinám, lze užít materiál k samostatné práci v PC učebně. Shrnutí všech aktivit, včetně kontroly, musí být doplněno ve spolupráci s vyučujícím. Materiál je určen k interaktivní výuce.

4 Types of questions: 1) Yes/no questions 2) Wh-(how) questions 3) Questions with preposition at the end 4) Subject questions 5) Negative questions 6) Indirect questions

5 Examples: 1. 1) Yes/no q. Start with an auxliliary verb be/do/did/have… Are you OK? Did you sleep well, yesterday? …. 2) Wh- (how) q. Start with question words (all facts we ask are at the beginning,no matter how long they are) who/where/why/what/which/how How are you? Why did you do it? How many younger sisters do you have? 3) Q. with the preposition at the end Prepositions completing the question words are at the end: Who are you going to? What did you speak about? Who is it for?

6 Examples: 2) 4) Subject questions Start with who/what/which + noun do not use auxiliary verbs: Who helped you yesterday? What has happened? 5) Negative q. to express: a)we are surprised Haven´t you read the book, yet? Didn´t he leave to America last year? b)we want some listener to confirm our idea Isn´t he a lovely boy? Aren´t you Mr David Livingston? 6) Indirect q. Starts: (examples) Can you tell me….Don´t you know.. I wonder if….. (in this case the word order is equal to the declarative clauses)

7 Examples: 3) 6) Indirect question: Starts: (examples) Can you tell me….Don´t you know.. I wonder if….. (in this case the word order is equal to the declarative clauses = we don´t change the word order) Have you heard about it? - Can you tell me if you have heard about it? When did he come back yesterday? - Do you know when he came back yesterday?

8 Question tags - at the end - spoken English invite the listener to agree invite the listener to answer the question

9 How to make it? pronouns instead of nouns or names inversed word order positive sentence → negative q. tag negative sentence → positive q. tag auxiliary verbs instead of full verbs the same tense shortened forms of verbs

10 Examples He is clever, isn´t he? She can´t cook, can she? You loved him, didn´t you? They haven´t passed the exam, have they? Your have got many friens, haven´t you. The don´t have much time, don´t they? But he speaks French, doesn´t he?

11 Some exceptions: 1) I am your friend, aren´t I ? 2) Go, and bring it, will you? 3) Let´s speak loudlier, shall we? Sometimes we can meet a) Don´t do it, will you? b) Go an do it,won´t you?

12 Ask about underlined words: He is my friend. Eve was the best skier. Pete is reading a book. They speak four languages. Yes, I am OK. He is going to Paul. That bike is mine! The bike belongs to me. My mum is from Prague.

13 Ask about underlined words: He is my friend.Who is he? What is he? Eve was the best skier.Who was the best skier? Pete is reading a book.What is Pete doing? They speak four languages. How many languages do they speak? Yes, I am OK.Are you OK? He is going to Paul. Who is he going to? That bike is mine!Whose is that bike? The bike belongs to me.Who does the bike belong to? My mum is from Prague.Where is your mum from?

14 Make those questions indirect using: I don´t know …., Could you tell me…., I wonder whether… I´d like to know… How many children do they have? What time did he leave? Why are you doing it? What does his father do? Are you OK? Have they spoken to him, yet? Who were you going to yesterday? Who is your best friend? How many times have you met him?

15 Make those questions indirect using: I don´t know …., Could you tell me…., I wonder whether… I´d like to know… How many children do they have? I don´t know how many children they have. What time did he leave? Could you tell me what time he left? Why are you doing it? I´d like to know why you are doing it. What does his father do? I don´t know what his father does. Are you OK? Coul you tell me if you are OK? Have they spoken to him, yet? I don´t know if they have spoken to him. Who were you going to yesterday? Could you tell me who you were going to? Who is your best friend? I´d like to know who is your best friend. How many times have you met him? I don´t know how many times you have met hit!

16 Complete the appropriate question tag: Our mum was at home, ………………………………... I am the youngest here,…………………………………… They couldn´t swim, ………………………………………… She has finished it,………………………………………….. Let´s help them, ………………………………………………. You hadn´t flown before, …………………………………. Pete speaks Spanish, ………………………………………… He will help us, ………………………………………………… Do it quicklier, …………………………………………………… They failed yesterday, ………………………………………..

17 Complete the appropriate question tag: Our mum was at home, WASN´T SHE? I am the youngest here, AREN´I? They couldn´t swim, COULD THEY? She has finished it, HASN´T SHE? Let´s help them, SHALL WE? You hadn´t flown before, HAD YOU? Pete speaks Spanish, DOESN´T HE? He will help us, WON´T HE? Do it quicklier, WILL YOU? They failed yesterday, DIDN´T THEY?

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