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The Czech Republic geography history economy places of interest.

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Prezentace na téma: "The Czech Republic geography history economy places of interest."— Transkript prezentace:

1 The Czech Republic geography history economy places of interest

2 NÁZEV ŠKOLY: Gymnázium Lovosice, Sady pionýrů 600/6 ČÍSLO PROJEKTU: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ NÁZEV MATERIÁLU: VY_32_INOVACE_5B_16_The.Czech.Republic TÉMA SADY: Konverzační témata a specifická slovní zásoba z angličtiny ROČNÍK: oktáva/4.A DATUM VZNIKU: březen 2014 AUTOR: Mgr. Lucie Kučerová

3 Anotace tento výuková materiál slouží k prezentaci znalostí nutných ke zvládnutí konverzačního tématu “The Czech Republic“ v angličtině a je určen pro interaktivní tabuli všechny snímky jsou opatřený animací, čímž vzniká prostor pro interakci studentů a komunikaci v angličtině vybrané lokace jsou v prezentaci ilustrovány fotografiemi, které se v některých případech objeví po kliknutí v okamžiku, kdy se o daném faktu hovoří v prezentaci; při následujícím kliknutí zase zmizí, aby nerušily v pokračování prezentace materiál je opatřen dvěma hypertextovými odkazy na stránku youtube.com; první je umístěn ve vlajce české republiky na snímku číslo čtyři a odkazuje na krátký dokument o památkách UNESCO, druhý představuje jeskyně Moravského krasu ve snímku číslo deset prezentace je uspořádána tak, aby vzniklo co nejvíce prostoru pro aktivní zapojení studentů do hodiny

4 basic facts O land-locked country, bordering with Poland, Germany, Slovakia and Austria O made up of three parts (Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia) and 14 regions O Area: sq km O Population: 10 million O Capital: Prague O The highest mountain: Sněžka (1,602 m) O Official language: Czech O National symbols: O the anthem: Kde domov můj? (Where is my home?) O the flag: the national Slavic colours of red and white and a blue triangle for Slovakia O the coat of arms: four parts with two female eagles and two two-tailed lions

5 geography O varied landscape O surrounded by mountains O the Krkonoše Mountains and Orlické (Eagle) Mountains in the Northwest O the Šumava Mountains in the Southwest O the Jeseník Mountains in northern Moravia O hilly central part O Bohemian-Moravian Highlands O lowlands along the Labe River, in southern Moravia and in Silesia O main rivers: O the Labe, the Vltava, the Ohře, the Morava, the Sázava, the Lužnice O climate: O humid, continental with warm summers and cold winters O mixture of maritime and continental influence

6 history O 4th century BC O Celtic tribes settled in the region, followed by Germanic and Slavonic tribes O 9th century O the creation of Great Moravia O the help of the Premyslids dynasty O The Kingdom of Bohemia O Middle Ages O Hussite Wars (15th century) O 30-year War (17th century) O a part of the Austria-Hungary Empire during the reign of the Habsburgs O 1918 O the empire collapsed after WWI O a new state of Czechoslovakia O 1940s O occupation by Germans during WWII O under the influence of the Soviet Union after WWII O 1989 O peaceful „velvet“ revolution O 1993 O the Czechs and the Slovaks split

7 political system O parliamentary democracy O the parliament consists of two houses: O the Chamber of Deputies (200 members, 4-year term) O the Senate (81 members, 6-year term) O the head of the state is the president O elected directly every 5 years O the head of the government is the prime minister O appointed by the president O the highest court: the Supreme Court O political parties O traditionally most supported are the Czech Social Democratic Party and Civic Democratic Party O many new influential parties have appeared recently

8 economy O traditionally among the most economically developed regions in Europe O centralized economical systém during the era of communism O a member of many interantional economical organizations O agriculture: O 40% of land is cultivated O the products are basically not exported O barley, wheat, corn, rye, potatoes, sugar beets, hops O industry: O miming, especially brown coal O manufacturing, esp. steelworks, breweries, glass and jewellery poduction O chemical, textile, food-procesing, tourist industires

9 places of interest castles and chateaus about 2,500 castles in the countryside well-organized collections of period furniture, hunting equipment and paintings guided tours many castle ruins on the top of numerous hills Karlštejn ▫ a castle near Prague, built by Charles IV Hluboká Chateau ▫ Southern Bohemia Lednice Chateau ▫ south-east Bohemia, set in a beautiful park

10 places of interest outdoor activities many natural parks and natural reserves, especially the areas of mountain ranges mountains and hills are well equipped for cross-country and downhill skiing climbing and hiking in (sand) rock mountains (the Bohemian Paradise) canoeing, kayaking and rafting on most Czech rivers fishing and hunting with a special permission (the Třeboň ponds) numerous outdoor music festivals boat trips in caves (the Stalactite Caves of the Moravian Karst)Moravian Karst boating and sailing on lakes (Slapy Lake, Lipno Lake)

11 places of interest cities and towns O Prague O many historical architectural monuments, museums, galleries and theatres O Plzeň O the sixth largest city O famous for its two products: Škoda cars and Pilsner beer (dates back to 1295) O Terezín O a fortress founded in 1780 O turned into a Nazi prison and concentration camp during WWII O Karlovy Vary O one of the most famous Czech spa O hot healing springs

12 Zdroje obrázků O LOUDA, Jiří. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: g O HELLAND, Frode Inge. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: O SONA83. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: O ACP. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: g/602px-Lednice_castle.jpg O SCHUBERT, Richard. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: O Obrázky z galerie microsoft office, včetně webu office.com


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