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MATURITA TOPICS The Czech Republic_General facts I_01 Mgr. Filip Soviš ANJ_Maturita www.zlinskedumy.cz.

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Prezentace na téma: "MATURITA TOPICS The Czech Republic_General facts I_01 Mgr. Filip Soviš ANJ_Maturita www.zlinskedumy.cz."— Transkript prezentace:

1 MATURITA TOPICS The Czech Republic_General facts I_01 Mgr. Filip Soviš ANJ_Maturita

2 Anotace Materiál nastiňuje základní obecná fakta k maturitnímu tématu The Czech Republic. Část první. Umožňuje použití pro samostatnou práci. Je možné jej poskytnou nepřítomným žákům. AutorMgr. Filip Soviš (Autor) JazykAngličtina Očekávaný výstup 23–41–M/01 Strojírenství M/01 Elektrotechnika M/01 Zdravotnický asistent M/01 Hotelnictví Speciální vzdělávací potřeby- žádné - Klíčová slovaThe Czech Republic, General facts I Druh učebního materiáluPrezentace Druh interaktivityKombinované Cílová skupinaŽák Stupeň a typ vzděláváníodborné vzdělávání Typická věková skupina let Vazby na ostatní materiályJe součástí ANJ konverzace

3 Basic Facts History Parts & Symbols Politics (political system) Public Holidays Other The Czech Republic PART I

4 What basic facts do you know about the CR? set up on 1 st January 1993 area: 78,864 km 2 population: 10,3 million inhabitants an inland state (in the middle / heart of Europe) with moderate climate bordered by Germany to the west, Poland to the north, Slovakia to the east and Austria to the south the capital city is Prague local currency is the Czech Crown valleys, lowlands, high grounds, mountain ranges, moorlands and swamps rich culture and history (buildings coming from the past centuries) castles and chateaux (Karlštejn Castle, Buchlov Castle, Hluboká Chateau…) minorities: Slovaks, Poles, Ukrainian, Germans, Russians, Romanies, Vietnamese and members of other nations

5 What facts do you know about Czech history? The Czech Republic The Middle Ages 9 th c.  the Great Moravian Empire 1212  the Přemyslid Dynasty gained the hereditary title of kings 1355  king Charles IV crowned Holy Roman Emperor (his rule known as "the Golden Age" of Czech history) 1415  reformer Jan Hus (John Huss) burnt at the stake in Constance, Germany 1526  the Habsburg Dynasty gained the throne

6 Czech history facts II. The Czech Republic Modern Times 1918  Czechoslovakia was established (T.G. Masaryk elected first president) 1989  The Velvet Revolution, the Civic Forum founded (Václav Havel elected president) 1993  Czechoslovakia split into the Czech and Slovak Republics 1999  The country joined the NATO 2004  The country joined the EU

7 What do you know about the national symbols? The Czech Republic the national flag (a white and a red stripe and a blue triangle) the Czech anthem ("Where my home is" by the composer František Škroup and the playwright Josef Kajetán Tyl) the Czech emblem: a coat of arms divided into quarters (a silver two ‑ tailed rampant lion with a golden crown; the Moravian and Silesian eagle) the national tree: small-leaved lime

8 What can you tell me about the Czech Republic's regions? The Czech Republic three historical / cultural regions: differences: dialects and folk traditions politically divided into 14 districts Bohemia in the west (seen as more urban / cosmopolitan / industrial) Moravia in the east (seen as traditional / rural / religious; wine farming) Silesia in the northern part of Moravia (smallest)

9 What is the highest mountain of the CR? Which river is the symbol of our country? The Czech Republic the highest mountain: Sněžka (1602 m) in the Giant Mountains near the Polish border the symbol: the Vltava (the longest river; springs in the Šumava and flows into the Labe river at Mělník) classical Czech composer Bedřich Smetana's set of six symphonic poems Má vlast ("My Motherland") – the best ‑ known is called Vltava (or The Moldau) several dams built on it in the 1950s, the biggest being Lipno Dam in Šumava

10 What do you know about the Czech political system? The Czech Republic parliamentary democracy the head of state is the president (elected every five years; max. two terms) the parliament is bicameral (Prague; The lower house and The upper house) the Chamber of Deputies (Prague: Lesser Town; 200 members, four ‑ year term) the Senate (Prague: Wallenstein Palace; 81 members, for six years) the government (the head is the Prime Minister; formed from the lower house) Supreme Court (seat in Brno, the highest judicial authority)

11 Can you name at least three Czech public holidays? On the occasion of what do we celebrate them? The Czech Republic 1 st January  Anniversary of the Foundation of the CR in th May  Anniversary of the End of the Second World War in th July  Arrival of Slavic Missionaries Cyril and Methodius in th July  Master Jan Hus burnt at stake (1415) 28 th September  St Wenceslas Day (Czech patron saint's day) 28 th October  Anniversary of the Foundation of Czechoslovakia in th November  Anniversary of Fights for Freedom and Democracy in 1939 and 1989

12 Bibliografické citace BRIDGE. The Czech Republic [online] [cit ]. Soubor typu PDF. Dostupné z: BURNIE, Glen a Rob RAESIDE. Flags of the World. CRW Flags' Online Catalog [online] , [cit ]. Dostupné z: VILGUS, Petr. Na Muldě, Pec pod Sněžkou [online] [cit ]. Obrázek typu JPEG, Creative Commons. Dostupné z: SMITH-DLUHÁ, Gabrielle. Angličtina: otázky a odpovědi nejen k maturitě. 1. vyd. Dubicko: INFOA, 2007, 231 s. Zrcadlový text. ISBN


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