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24. Maturita topic The Czech Republic Veronika Kocmanová. 4.A.

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Prezentace na téma: "24. Maturita topic The Czech Republic Veronika Kocmanová. 4.A."— Transkript prezentace:

1 24. Maturita topic The Czech Republic Veronika Kocmanová. 4.A

2 Basic Facts Location: in central Europe Capital city: Prague Population: 10.5 million people Area: sq km Official language: Czech Borders: Poland, Slovakia, Germany, Austria A member of: NATO, United Nations (OSN), European Union, Visegrad Group

3 History the Celts and Teutons Slavic tribes – Samo´s Empire Great Moravia Empire Premyslian dynasty – prince Wenceslas Přemysl Otakar I. – the Golden Bull of Sicily Charles IV. – Charles Univerzity in 1348 Jan Hus – tried to reform the Catholic Church Empress Marie Terezie - enlightenment Queen Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

4 Geography bordered with mountains it consists of three lands – Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia Sněžka - the highest peak (at 1603m) in Krkonoše M. Orlické M., Beskydy, Jizera M. rivers: Vltava – the longest (433 m) Labe – the most important (dams Lipno etc). Moravia, Dyje, Odra, Sázava

5 Climate temperate climatic zone humid continetal climate the four seasons cold winters and warm summers the heaviest rainfalls are during the summers → floods, gales

6 Population the important cities: Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, Hradec Králové, Zlín one of the most atheistic lands majority ethnic groups: Czechs and Moravians minority groups: Silesians, Romes, Poles, Germans, Ukrainians and Russians language: Czech - lots of regional dialects

7 Political system parliamentary democracy three branches of power: 1) legislative = Parliament – 2 chambers a) the Chamber of Deputies (the lower ch.) b) the Senate (the upper ch.) 2) executive a) the president b) the cabinet – the Prime Minister

8 3) judicial a) the Constitutional Court b) the judicial system lots of political parties – Social Democrats, TOP 09, ANO

9 Economy industry - the most important - 38% people → the first place in the EU - car production – Škoda - electrical engineering, chemistry, food ind. agriculture - corn, potatoes, sugar beet - beef cattle, poultry, pigs, sheeps minig – coal, uranium

10 The Czech products cars Škoda – Mladá Boleslav the czech glass – Jablonec Bohemia crystal porcelain – Karlovy Vary shoes Baťa - Zlín beer Pilsner Urquell – Pilsner pianos Petrof – Hradec Králové

11 food - mineral water - olomoucké tvarůžky – Loštice - štramberské uši – Štramberk - valašský frgál – Palačov - Bohemia chips - hořické trubičky – Hořice - Pardubice gingerbread

12 The places of interest Prague, Telč, Český Krumlov - the historical centre the Church of Johann Nepomuk in Žďár nad Sáz.u St. Barbora´s Church in Kutná Hora Lednice – Valtice areal village Holašovice in the south Bohemia Kroměříž – the castle and gardens Litomyšl - the castle Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc Vila Tugendhat in Brno Třebíč – the synagogue and Basilica of St. Procopius


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