Obligation Verbs used to say something is obligatory: have to must be allowed to
Restate the rules using have to, (not) allowed to. Change the formal language and use informal language. All staff are required to be punctual and to be in the office by 9:00. This is a no-smoking office. Smoking is only permitted in the smokers' room, and only during the tea breaks and lunch breaks. Staff are expected to wear suitable clothes i.e. not jeans. Staff are not to use the telephone to make personal calls. All staff work one Saturday morning each month, to be arranged with the office supervisor. No personal possessions (e.g. Plants, photographs, etc.) should be placed on the desk in view of the public. The management cannot pay any part of the monthly salary before the usual date, or lend money in any way.
Decide whether the statements mean: 1. It is the rule 2. It is personal opinion 3. It is not necessary You have to take all the letters to the post office by 12.30. You don't have to work late if you don't want to. You aren't allowed to use these stamps for your personal letters. You really mustn't be so rude to people on the phone. You can't make long distance calls just to talk with your friends. You don't have to come in tomorrow, I think I can manage. You must be a bit more careful when you deal with money. You have to keep this form and give it to your next employer. You're allowed to smoke if the others in the office agree. You don't have to wear a tie, you know.
Listening: http://www.elllo.org/english/0951/T974-Tom-Essentials.htm http://www.elllo.org/english/0951/T974-Tom-Essentials.htm Jess and Tom talk about things they couldn't live without. Listen to them and ask the following questions: Does Tom listen to music a lot? What else does he use the iPod for? What is his number 2 on the scale of most important things? Does he read online newspapers? Why is also sun important for him? On what thing does Jess agree with Tom? Does she live in Britain? How does Jess remember different parts of her life? What are they connected to?
Now try the exercises on modals: http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/musthaveto/menu.php
Describe the picture and tray to say a couple of rules of this workplace:
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.