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WILL/WON'T, PROMISES, OFFERS, DECISIONS, WORD STRESS Vysoká škola technická a ekonomická v Českých Budějovicích Institute of Technology And Business In.

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Prezentace na téma: "WILL/WON'T, PROMISES, OFFERS, DECISIONS, WORD STRESS Vysoká škola technická a ekonomická v Českých Budějovicích Institute of Technology And Business In."— Transkript prezentace:

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2 WILL/WON'T, PROMISES, OFFERS, DECISIONS, WORD STRESS Vysoká škola technická a ekonomická v Českých Budějovicích Institute of Technology And Business In České Budějovice

3 Tento učební materiál vznikl v rámci projektu "Integrace a podpora studentů se specifickými vzdělávacími potřebami na Vysoké škole technické a ekonomické v Českých Budějovicích" s registračním číslem CZ.1.07./2.2.00/ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky.

4 FUTURE SIMPLE FOR INTENTIONS (OFFERS, PROMISES AND DECISIONS) The future simple tense is used to express future intentions that are decided at the time of speaking (spontaneous offers, promises and decisions): Come on, I'll help you with those bags. (offer) I will always love you. (promise) I'll have a wiener schnitzel. (decision) In the first person, shall can be used instead of will to announce intentions. Shall is more formal than will I shall definitely give up smoking this year. (Future simple for intentions (offers, promises and decisions))

5 RULES OF WORD STRESS IN ENGLISH There are two very simple rules about word stress: 1.One word has only one stress. 2.We can only stress vowels, not consonants. (Word Stress Rules)

6 STRESS ON FIRST AND LAST SYLLABLE 1) Stress on first syllable 2) Stress on last syllable RuleExample Most 2-syllable nounsPRESent, Export, CHIna, TAble Most 2-syllable adjectivesPRESent, SLENder, CLEVer, HAPpy RuleExample Most 2-sylable verbsTo preSENT, to exPORT, to deCIDE, to beGIN (Word Stress Rules)

7 STRESS ON PENULTIMATE SYLLABLE 3) Stress on penultimate syllable (penultimate = second from end) RuleExample Words ending in –icGRAPHic, geoGRAPHic, geoLOGic Words ending in –sion and -tionteleVIsion, reveLAtion (Word Stress Rules)

8 STRESS ON ANTE-PENULTIMATE SYLLABLE 4) Stress on ante-penultimate syllable (ante-penultimate = third from end) RuleExample Words ending in –cy, ty, -phy and -gydeMOcracy, dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOLogy Words ending in -alCRItical, geoLOGical (Word Stress Rules)

9 COMPOUND WORDS 5) Compound words (words with two parts) RuleExample For compound nouns, the stress is on the firstpart BLACKbird, GREENhouse For compound adjectives, the stress is on thesecond part bad-TEMpered, old-FASHioned For compound verbs, the stress is on thesecond part to underSTAND, to overFLOW (Word Stress Rules)

10 THANKS FOR ATTENTION

11 SOURCES Future simple for intentions (offers, promises and decisions). (nedatováno). Získáno 8. Červenec 2014, z Grammaring: promises-and-decisions Word Stress Rules. (nedatováno). Získáno 8. Červenec 2014, z EnglishClub: stress-rules.htm


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