Heavier - than - air, they must have a power source to provide the thrust necessary to obtain lift Lighter - than - air, filled by gases lighter than air, providing necessary lift.
Aircraft 1. Airplane - with fixed wing 2. Helicopter - with rotor
Thrust - produced by engine, necessary for forward motion Drag - acts against thrust, resists against motion Lift - necessary for flight, keeps aircraft in the air, produced by wing Weight - caused by gravity
Propeller high - wing single aircraft High-wing, mid-wing, low-wing aircraft Single, twin, triple or multiple - engined aircraft Monoplane, biplane, triplane etc.
Propeller - device driven by engine providing necessary thrust Wing - is mounted on bough side of airplane, produces lift Aileron - control surface on trailing edge of wing for banking Flap - device on inner trailing edge increasing lift during landing, approach and take-off Fuselage - body of aircraft which connect each part Landing gear - undercarriage - device for motion on ground
Elevator - control surface necessary for climbing or descent Rudder - control surface on trailing edge of fin for yawing Fin - one part of tail unit (empennage) Horizontal stabilizer - second part of empennage Cabin - compartment for pilots and crew Cockpit - where pilots sit Ejection seat - special seat with parachute and rocket engine for saving pilot life Cannopy - device covering cockpit Radome - front part of aircraft protect aircraft radar. Engine - providing thrust 1.Piston - with cylinders 2.Jet 3.Turboprop - when propeller is driven by turbine
Flight deck - cabin for pilot, pilot compartment Galley - special compartement where meals are prepared Passanger cabin Wing rib Spar Engine mounting pylon - carries power unit under wing Leading edge - front side of wing Trailing edge - rear side of wing
Control stick - connected with control surfaces for control of airplane Control pedals - connected by rudder Radio Transmiter - for sending information Receiver - for receiving information Fuel gauge - shows amount of fuel Artificial horizont - shows atitude, indicates banking or rolling
Airliner - dopravní letadlo Act - p ů sobit Aircraft - letadlo Airplane - letoun Drag - odpor Lift - vztlak Thrust - tah Weight - tíha Aileron - k ř idélko Elevator - vyškové kormidlo Rudder - sm ě rové kormidlo Fin - kýlová plocha Vertical stabilizer - Svislá stabiliza č ní plocha Horizontal stabilizer - Vodorovná stabiliza č ní plocha Fuselage - trup
Artificial horizont...Um ě lý horizont Bomber...bombardovací letoun Fighter... stíhací letoun Trainee... cvi č ný letoun Airliner... dopravní letoun Porthole...okénko Baggage compartement...Zavazadlový prostor Cargo compartment... Nákladový prostor Pylon... pylon Rib... ž ebro Spar... nosník