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Tutorial: Physics Topic: Stationary parts of combustion engines Prepared by : RNDr. Ondřej Jeřábek Projekt Anglicky v odborných předmětech, CZ.1.07/1.3.09/04.0002.

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Prezentace na téma: "Tutorial: Physics Topic: Stationary parts of combustion engines Prepared by : RNDr. Ondřej Jeřábek Projekt Anglicky v odborných předmětech, CZ.1.07/1.3.09/04.0002."— Transkript prezentace:

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2 Tutorial: Physics Topic: Stationary parts of combustion engines Prepared by : RNDr. Ondřej Jeřábek Projekt Anglicky v odborných předmětech, CZ.1.07/1.3.09/ je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky.

3 Stationary parts of combustion engines

4 Meaning:  Placement of rotary engine parts  Remove heat from combustion space  Protects moving parts of engine Usage: Cars, handling cars

5  Cylinder block– inserted cylinders, drilled cylinders  Crankcase– placement of crankshaft  Cylinder head– it forms and closes combustion space  Bottom engine tank– oil reservoir

6  Placement of crankshaft and camshaft  Cooling liquid and engine oil flows inside engine block  Engine block cooled by air is fitted with fins  Cylinders are placed into engine block or drilled into engine block  Material of engine block is aluminium alloy or cast iron

7  It is a part of engine block  It is placed at the bottom part of engine block  It is adjusted for crankshaft placing  The shape determines number of crankshaft placing  There are sometimes placed balanced shafts  At 2-stroke engines, crankshaft and engine cylinder are connected by bypass channel.

8  It closes combustion space  Determines the shape of combustion space  Shapes of combustion space:  Roofing – heating plug is in the middle of combustion space  With anti-detonation hole – heating plug is placed in the side of combustion space  Heron´s – combustion space is inside piston

9  It is placed in bottom part of engine block  There is stored the engine oil  It must be deep enough to prevent soaking of crankshaft into engine oil  Crankcase is sometimes divided by partition wall  It is protected by special cover at off-road cars

10  Name the following parts of combustion engines:

11  List stationary parts of combustion engines  Explain the meaning of engine block and engine head

12  JAN, Zdeněk; ŽDÁNSKÝ, Bronislav ; ČUPERA, Jiří. Automobily 1. Brno : Avid, s.  JAN, Zdeněk; ŽDÁNSKÝ, Bronislav ; ČUPERA, Jiří. Automobily 2. Brno : Avid, s.  JAN, Zdeněk; ŽDÁNSKÝ, Bronislav ; ČUPERA, Jiří. Automobily 3. Brno : Avid, s.  JAN, Zdeněk; ŽDÁNSKÝ, Bronislav ; ČUPERA, Jiří. Automobily 4. Brno : Avid, s. Translation:    JANATA, Petr. Handy slovník technický anglicko-český a česko-anglický. Plzeň: Nakladatelství Fraus, ISBN  Lingea LEXIKON 5, Technický slovník anglicko-český a česko-anglický


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