Prezentace na téma: "Název projektuModerní škola Registrační číslo projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0526 Název aktivity III/2 Inovace a zkvalitnění výuky prostřednictvím ICT Název."— Transkript prezentace:
Název projektuModerní škola Registrační číslo projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0526 Název aktivity III/2 Inovace a zkvalitnění výuky prostřednictvím ICT Název vzdělávacího materiáluReálie Číslo vzdělávacího materiáluVY_32_INOVACE_05_15- Seychelles Jméno autoraJaroslava Čejková Tegerová Název školy Střední škola živnostenská Sokolov, příspěvková organizace „EU peníze středním školám“
About 1500 km east of Mombasa, Africa, you will reach a group of 115 islands, which are poetically called “A Hidden Treasure”, “A Pearle Of The Indian Ocean”, “A Garden of Eden”, or simply “The Seychelles.
The islands were originally uninhabited but later Maldivian and Arab marines and traders as well as pirates landed on the amazing shoreline. During the Napoleonic wars, France ruled the archipelago but in 1812 the islands became a colony of the Kingdom of England. In the process of decolonization the Seychelles gained their independence from Great Britain in 1976 and became a free member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The symbolic Head of the Commonwealth is Elisabeth II but the real state representative is the President.
Due to historical circumstances and multi- ethnic roots (African, French, Indian, Chinese and British) official languages are French, English and Seychellois Creole. (Creole languages are usually a mixture of African dialects, French, English and Spanish – depending on location). The capital city is called Victoria and is situated on the island Mahé with a population of 80,000 people. (All of the Seychelles have 94,000 inhabitants.)
Mahé, the largest island, is 27 km long and 8 km wide. Praslin is the second largest island of the Seychelles and its territory went on the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. The island La Digue takes the third position. These three are granite islands but the others are mostly coral. Vegetation on the islands have a tropical character all year round thanks to its rich water sources and high humidity. From November to April the islands get monsoon rains and the temperature falls to 23°C.
The Seychelles are considered to be a living museum of natural history and science. Local environmental legislation is very strict as the Seychelles are home to many endemic species and the fauna and flora eco-system is very fragile. Nowhere else in the world will you see coco-de-mer, the largest fruit and seed of all, also called a nut-of-love; the jellyfish tree, with only eight surviving examples, the giant tortoises and Seychelles Black Parrot – the national bird of the country.
The male and female plants grow separately and reach a height of 25 – 34 m. The fruit needs 6 -7 years to mature. The heaviest seed ever weighted was 17,6 kg. The seed The female plant with fruit The male plant
Except for increasing tourism which offers all kinds of water sports and luxurious hotels, the main industry is fishing, planting and export of vanilla, cinnamon and coconuts. About 50% of the population have a home telephone. About 20 years ago, there were only 2 kilometres of asphalt roads and one non- working traffic light in Victoria, Mahé Island.
Palm Oil making in the country Cinnamon Green coconuts
1. Where are the Seychelles located? 2. Who were the first visitors and inhabitants? 3. What is the political system? 4. Who is the head of the country? 5. What languages have official status in the Seychelles and why? 6. What is the population of the capital city and the entire Seychelles? 7. How many islands comprise the archipelago? 8. From what substances have the islands originated? 9. What endemic plant and animals can you name? 10. What are the main industry sectors? If you can‘t remember the answer, go through this presentation once again
AUTOR NEUVEDEN. Seychelles [online]. [cit. 7.9.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seychelles AUTOR NEUVEDEN. Mahé, Seychelles [online]. [cit. 7.9.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mah%C3%A9,_Seychelles AUTOR NEUVEDEN. Praslin [online]. [cit. 7.9.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Praslin AUTOR NEUVEDEN. Wikipedia [online]. [cit. 7.9.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coco_de_Mer Obrázky: Citace obrázků jsou uvedeny pod každým snímkem jednotlivě pro zachování přehlednosti