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Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Description of animals Name: the timber wolf Category: vertebrate, warm-blooded, carnivore,

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Prezentace na téma: "Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Description of animals Name: the timber wolf Category: vertebrate, warm-blooded, carnivore,"— Transkript prezentace:

1 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Description of animals Name: the timber wolf Category: vertebrate, warm-blooded, carnivore, mammal, wild/zoo, the dog family Habitat: forests, tundra, plains and mountains of the USA, Canada, China, Russia Size (height, length, weight): 1.5 metres long, 76 cm tall, 44 kilos Body + Colour: long legs, long tail, long, sharp teeth, grey / brown or black Food: big mammals (deer), small animals (rabbits, mice) Live up to / for: 10 years Other (can / cannot): live in packs Endangered / Protected: Endangered due to disease, natural disaster increase and illegal hunting

2 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger a) Examples Grizzly Bear, Polar Bear, African and Asian elephants, rhinos, Bison, Giant Panda, Mountain Gorilla, Orang-utan, Snow Leopard, Iberian Lynx, Siberian and Bengal Tigers, Cheetah, Grey Wolf, Blue Whale, Great White Shark, Marine Turtle, Dolphin, American Alligator, Bald Eagle, California Condor, ….

3 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger b) Reasons for extinction (why to protect?) ● hunted for their fur / meat / trophies / souvenirs / profit ● their habitat changes because of the destruction of the natural environment by fires, cutting down trees, pollution, building roads / houses, tourists´ activities, etc.

4 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger c) Protection (how to protect ?) ● Endangered species should be protected against poachers. ● Endangered species should be looked after in nature reserves, national parks and ZOOs. ● Even small children should be taught about protecting wildlife and conserving our planet. 8.

5 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger How can you help? ● help restore damaged wildlife habitats (lay trails, build fences, plant trees, build ponds) ● clean up beaches / parks ● help protect forests ● adopt an animal ● inform the public, organize and promote campaigns ● raise funds ● help to tag animals, measure and monitor them ● hand out leaflets / free recycling bins ● etc.

6 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Polar Bear  a marine mammal (depends upon the marine environment)  adapted to life in the extremes of the Arctic  body parts: long body, white coat, thick fur, a thick warming layer of fat beneath its skin, large, strong paws for hunting seals in holes in the ice, sharp straight claws, black eyes, rounded ears, black nose  excellent swimmers  favourite food: seals  hunted for their fur, endangered

7 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Polar Bear 9.

8 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – African Elephant  large, grey, four-legged herbivorous mammal  largest of all land mammals  almost hairless skin, a distinctive long, flexible trunk, large fan-shaped ears, tusks of ivory  the trade of ivory is illegal today  female elephants (cows) live in family herds with their young  adult males (bulls) tend to roam on their own  an endangered species

9 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – African Elephant 10.

10 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Mountain Gorilla  roughly about 700 mountain gorillas remaining on Earth  live on the green, volcanic slopes of Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo  still face major threats from habitat loss and poaching  longer hair and shorter arms than their lowland cousins troops are led by one dominant older adult male they eat fruit, shoots, roots, wild celery, tree bark  generally calm and non-aggressive unless they are disturbed  endangered

11 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Bengal Tiger  the largest members of the cat family  live in India  eat buffalo, deer, wild pigs, and other large mammals  use their distinctive black and orange coats as camouflage  a big body, a long tail and long, sharp teeth  live for about 20 years  weigh about 160 kg  hunted as trophies + their body parts are used in traditional Chinese medicine + forest destruction, endangered

12 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Bengal Tiger 11.

13 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Blue Whale  Earth’s largest animals, Marine mammals  about 30 metres long and weigh about 180 metric tons  in all the word’s oceans, stay under water and then come up for air, blow water metres into the air above the sea  whalers kill(ed) them mainly for their oil  are attacked by sharks and killer whales, some of them die of impacts with large ships  under protection since 1966, classified as endangered

14 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Great White Shark  the largest predatory fish on Earth  grow to an average of 4,6 meters in length and weigh more than 2,000 kilograms  powerful tail, teeth arranged in several rows, exceptional sense of smell  eat sea lions, seals, small whales, turtles, etc.  their number is decreasing due to over-fishing and accidental catching in gill nets  listed as an endangered species

15 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Animals in Danger – Bald Eagle  proud national symbol of the USA  powerful bird of prey  snowy-feathered (not bald) head, dark wings and body  hunted for sport and the “protection” of fishing grounds  pesticides like DDT collected in fish weaken the birds´ eggshells and limit their ability to reproduce  live near water, coasts and lakes where fish are plentiful  also eat small mammals  are believed to mate for life  is categorised as a protected species

16 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Bald Eagle 12.

17 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy ZOOs ● A few decades ago ZOOs took animals from the wild for exhibition and entertainment. 13.

18 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy ZOOs ● Today ZOOs purpose is quite different. Most of them have improved, it is rare to see animals in cages, bored, depressed or stressed. 14.

19 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy ZOOs important, may be not perfect, but have a useful function rare animal species would die out if people didn’t take care of / breed / help them reproduce places of education (help adults and children appreciate nature) research into animal behaviour is done in zoos → increased our knowledge of zoology, genetics, … the variety of animal species within the zoo → overall importance of biological diversity zoos worldwide have a network → the importance of nature conservation on a global scale

20 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy ZOO = places of education

21 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Comprehension Tasks and Questions the Ring-Tailed Lemur fact-file 17.

22 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy OPTIONAL ACTIVITIES 4. Least favourite animal – video: BBC LearningLeast favourite animal English Kids 5. Word Game Interactive: BBC Learning EnglishWord Game 6. Animal Records Quiz: BBC Learning English KidsAnimal Records 7. Beneath the sea Song: BBC Learning EnglishBeneath the sea 8. Jungles of Brazil – Song: BBC Learning EnglishJungles of Brazil 9. Wild Animals Video: BBC Learning English TeensWild Animals Video 10. Pet Mania Reading: BBC Learning English TeensPet Mania Reading 11. Animals in the City – Reading Comprehension (Level 1-3): BBC Learning English TeensAnimals in the City


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