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MAKE, DO, HAVE AND TAKE IN PHRASES Autor: Mgr. Ivana Dvořáková Datum vytvoření: březen 2013 DUM = Digitální Učební Materiál Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného,

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Prezentace na téma: "MAKE, DO, HAVE AND TAKE IN PHRASES Autor: Mgr. Ivana Dvořáková Datum vytvoření: březen 2013 DUM = Digitální Učební Materiál Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného,"— Transkript prezentace:

1 MAKE, DO, HAVE AND TAKE IN PHRASES Autor: Mgr. Ivana Dvořáková Datum vytvoření: březen 2013 DUM = Digitální Učební Materiál Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného, Znojmo Anglický jazyk

2 WHICH ONE TO CHOOSE? SET PHRASES MAKE or DO?

3 MAKE  USE: in set phrases and to talk about creating or constructing something (similar to Czech vyrábět, vytvářet)  The firm I work for makes children’s clothes.  I made some fresh coffee, want some?  SET PHRASES with make make an appointmentdomluvit si schůzkumake a journeyuskutečnit cestu make a bedustlat postelmake a mistakeudělat chybu make a choicevybrat simake moneyvydělávat peníze make a decisionrozhodnout semake a phone callzavolat si make a differencevylepšit, ovlivnit něcomake a planvymyslet plán make a discoveryobjevit něcomake a promiseslíbit něco make an excuseomluvit se, vymluvit semake sensedávat smysl make fun ofdělat si legraci zmake a suggestionnavrhnout něco

4 DO  USE: in set phrases and to talk about general and indefinite activities, about jobs and leisure activities  What have you done to the computer?  I normally do the ironing while I’m watching TV.  SET PHRASES with do do businesspodnikat, obchodovatdo homeworkdělat domácí úkoly do damagepoškodit, ublížitdo houseworkdělat domácí práce do (an) exercisecvičitdo a jobvydělávat peníze do sb a favourprokázat někomu laskavost do some cooking/shopping/ cleaning... něco uvařit, nakoupit, poklidit... do no gooduškodit něčemu, nepomocido researchprovádět výzkum

5 EXERCISES WITH REAL-LIFE EXAMPLES READY TO TEST YOURSELVES?

6 FILL IN THE GAPS – MAKE or DO? 1. Are you crazy? That doesn’t any sense. 2. What do you for a living? 3. Don’t fun of him! 4. I’ll go with you but I have to some shopping first. 5. Excuse me, can I a quick phone call? 6. Stop that, you’re a mistake. 7. When I grow up, I want to a lot of money. 8. Could you me a favour, please? 9. Don’t bother, it’ll make no difference. 10. Have you your homework yet?

7 FILL IN THE GAPS – MAKE or DO? 1. Are you crazy? That doesn’t make any sense. 2. What do you do for a living? 3. Don’t make fun of him! 4. I’ll go with you but I have to do some shopping first. 5. Excuse me, can I make a quick phone call? 6. Stop doing that, you’re making a mistake. 7. When I grow up, I want to make a lot of money. 8. Could you do me a favour, please? 9. Don’t bother, it’ll make no difference. 10. Have you done your homework yet?

8 WHEN TO USE IT? SET PHRASES HAVE and TAKE

9 HAVE  USE: in set phrases, to talk about owning something etc.  Wow, you have a brand new car!  I have no idea what you’re doing.  SET PHRASES with have have breakfast/lunch/dinnersnídat, obědvat, večeřethave a questionmít otázku have funbavit sehave time to do sthmít na něco čas have a good timedobře se bavithave a bad daymít den blbec have trouble/a problemmít problémyhave a bathvykoupat se have a chance to do sthmít šanci něco udělathave a swimzaplavat si have no ideanemít tušeníhave a look (at)podívat se (na) have bigger fish to frymít něco důležitějšího na práci have companymít společnost

10 TAKE  USE: very common in set phrases, in conversation, many different meanings!  You should take a bus, it’s cheaper.  Could you answer the door? I’m taking a shower!  SET PHRASES with take take a photo/a picturevyfotit něco, udělat fotkutake a testdělat/psát test take a bath/a showerdát si koupel/sprchutake notesdělat si poznámky take a napdát si šlofíkatake a car/a busjet autem/autobusem take it easybýt v pohodě, neprožívat něco příliš take a right/a left zahnout doprava/doleva take placekonat se, odehrávat setake care ofpostarat se o take a breakdát si pauzutake part inúčastnit se něčeho take some timetrvat nějakou dobu, dát si načas take turnsstřídat se

11 EXERCISES WITH REAL-LIFE EXAMPLES READY TO TEST YOURSELVES?

12 FILL IN THE GAPS – TAKE or HAVE? 1. I had to a test today. 2. It’ll some time before it’s ready fun tonight and don’t be late! 4. I’m going to a bath. 5. Do you know where the story place? 6. You should notes, you won’t remember it all. 7. I two questions for you. 8. You look terrible, you should a break. 9. She no idea what to do. 10. Will you a picture of me please?

13 FILL IN THE GAPS – TAKE or HAVE? 1. I had to take a test today. 2. It’ll take some time before it’s ready. 3. Have fun tonight and don’t be late! 4. I’m going to take a bath. 5. Do you know where the story takes place? 6. You should take notes, you won’t remember it all. 7. I have two questions for you. 8. You look terrible, you should take a break. 9. She has no idea what to do. 10. Will you take a picture of me please?

14 TRANSLATE  Jdu si dát sprchu.  I’m gonna take a shower.  Ještě něco poklidím a pak si dám pauzu.  I’ll do some more cleaning and then I’ll take a break.  Máš chvilku?  Do you have a (spare) minute?  Chci si jenom rychle zavolat.  I just wanna make a quick phone call.  Nemám absolutně žádný tušení, co se tady děje.  I have absolutely no idea what is going on here.

15 REFERENCES  Real-life example sentences in the last section have been extracted from the British National Corpus Online service: (see  Recommended literature (student workbook): Conrad, S., Biber, D.: Real Grammar. A Corpus- Based Approach to English. NY: Pearson-Longman, 2009.

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