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The United States of America Geography Economy History.

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Prezentace na téma: "The United States of America Geography Economy History."— Transkript prezentace:

1 The United States of America Geography Economy History

2 NÁZEV ŠKOLY: Gymnázium Lovosice, Sady pionýrů 600/6 ČÍSLO PROJEKTU: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ NÁZEV MATERIÁLU: VY_32_INOVACE_5B_12_USA TÉMA SADY: Konverzační témata a specifická slovní zásoba z angličtiny ROČNÍK: oktáva/4.A DATUM VZNIKU: březen 2014 AUTOR: Mgr. Lucie Kučerová

3 Anotace tento výukový materiál slouží k osvojení znalostí nutných ke zvládnutí maturitního tématu The United States v angličtině a je určen k prezentaci na interaktivní tabuli všechny snímky jsou opatřený animací, čímž vzniká prostor pro interakci studentů a komunikaci v angličtině faktografické informace jsou v prezentaci ilustrovány fotografiemi, které se v některých případech objeví po kliknutí v okamžiku, kdy se o daném faktu hovoří v prezentaci; při následujícím kliknutí zase zmizí, aby nerušil v pokračování prezentace materiál je opatřen několika hypertextovými odkazy na stránku youtube.com; první je vložen do snímku číslo čtyři a odkazuje na americkou státní hymnu, ostatní jsou součástí snímku číslo jedenáct a odkazují na krátké dokumenty o několika významných městech Spojených států amerických prezentace je koncipována tak, aby vzniklo co nejvíce prostoru pro aktivní zapojení studentů do hodiny

4 Basic facts Total area: 9,631,418 sq km Population: 295,7 million Capital: Washington, District of Columbia Currency: American dollar the third largest in the world in both size, and population situated in North American continent borders with Canada in the North and Mexico in the South The flag, nicknamed “Stars and Stripes” is a rectangle with 13 stripes (=original colonies) and fifty stars (=current number of states) The national anthem: The Star Spangled BannerThe Star Spangled Banner

5 Geography consits of 50 semi-autonomous states administrates 14 territories (mostly Pacific islands) diverse geography: ◦ large plains and farming areas in the central area ◦ mountains in west (Rocky Mountains) ◦ deserts in the southwest ◦ volcanoes in Hawaii the lowest point: Death Valley (-86 m) the highest point: Mount McKinley in Alaska (6,194 m) the largest river: The Mississippi (more than 3,700 km from Minnesota to Luisiana)

6 Climate mostly temperate extremes in Alaska (arctic), and Florida/Hawaii (tropical) faces many natural dangers ◦ Pacific shore: earthquakes, volcanoes, forest fires ◦ Atlantic shore: hurricanes ◦ Midwest/southwest: tornadoes

7 Political system Representational federal republic the government is devided into three branches: ◦ Executive (the president and his cabinet) ◦ Legislative (bicameral congress) ◦ Judicial (federal courts) the president ◦ also the head of the government (there is no prime minister but a vicepresident) ◦ not directly elecetd by the Americans but by their representatives from each state ◦ serves for four years in max. two terms the congress ◦ the Senate (100 members) ◦ The House of Representatives (435 members) two main political parties: ◦ the Republicans (conservative) ◦ the Democrats (liberal)

8 History officially founded on July 4, 1776, when former British colonies declared their independance a long war followed, finished with American victory in 1783 the first constitution was proclaimed in 1789 Civil War ( ) between The South and The North ended slavery In both WWI and WWII, the US began as a neutral state, but supported the Allies and later joined the fights

9 Inhabitants many ethnic groups thanks to immigration, mostly from Europe, but also Africa and Asia original inhabitans: Indians specific nations: ◦ Inuits ◦ Amish people

10 Popular holidays Thanksgiving ◦ the fourth Thursday in November ◦ people give thanks for their lives ◦ big family dinners with roasted turkey Christmas ◦ December 25 th, preceded by Christmas Eve,followed by Boxing Day Independance Day ◦ July 4th ◦ parades, fireworks, sporting events Memorial Day ◦ the last Monday in May ◦ honor soldiers killed in wars Labour Day ◦ the first Mondayin September ◦ honors the Americanworkforce

11 Places of Interest New York ◦ Big Apple ◦ the centre of finance, art, and high-rise architecture ◦ Empire State Building, Broadway, The Statue of Liberty Washington, DC ◦ Capitol Hill: the seat of The Congress ◦ Lincoln Memorial, Washington Monument, Arlington Cemetery Los Angeles ◦ American film industry ◦ Hollywood walk of fame ◦ Disneyland San Francisco ◦ the Cable Car ◦ the Golden Gate Bridge

12 National Parks Yellowstone National Park ◦ the oldest national park in the USA ◦ geysers, hot water pools and springs Sequoia National Park Evergaldes National Park ◦ swamps, marches, forests, birds Grand Canyon National Park ◦ Arizona ◦ the Colorado River Niagara Falls ◦ Us/Canadian border ◦ 3 waterfalls up to 61 metres high Volcanoes National Park ◦ Hawaii ◦ mountain gorillas

13 Zdroje obrázků PEACO, Jim. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: SULLIVAN, Jon. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: BAHN, Jim. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: HERR, Norman. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: SANTIAGO, Danny M.. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: DOC HUEBI. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: ANGMOKIO. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: DUNAWAY, Andy. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: ENEAS DE TROYA. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: PINTARIC, Thomas. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: US DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR. commons.wikimedia.org [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: Obrázky z galerie MS Office, včetně webu office.com


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