Defining an emergency An emergency is a situation which poses an immediate risk to health, life, property or environment. pose – představovat immediate – bezprostřední, přímý
Defining an emergency Most emergencies require urgent intervention to prevent a worsening of the situation.
Emergency service Most developed countries have a number of emergency services operating within them, whose purpose is to provide assistance in dealing with any emergency which may occur.
Emergency service They are often government operated, paid for from tax revenue as a public service, but in some cases, they may be private companies, responding to emergencies in return for payment, or they may be voluntary organizations, providing the assistance from funds raised from donations.
Emergency service Most developed countries operate three core emergency services which are: –PolicePolice –Fire serviceFire service –Emergency medical serviceEmergency medical service
Police who deal with security of person and property, which can cover all three categories of emergency. They may also deal with punishment of those who cause an emergency through their actions.
Fire service who deal with potentially harmful fires, but also often rescue operations such as dealing with road traffic collisions. Their actions help to prevent loss of life, damage to health and damage to or loss of property.
Emergency medical service These services attempt to reduce loss of life or damage to health. An Emergency medical service is a service providing out-of-hospital acute care and transport to definitive care. »definitive – konečný
Managing an emergency There are many protocols which the emergency services use in dealing with an emergency, which usually start with planning before an emergency occurs.
First aid Casualty – zraněný člověk Wound- rána Injury- zraněný Unconscious- v bezvědomí Heart attack- infarkt Frostbite- omrzlina Burn- popálenina Scald- opařenina Internal bleeding – vnitřní krvácení
First aid Fracture – zlomenina Sweating- pocení Rapid and weak pulse – rychlý a slabý pulz Nausea- nutkání ke zvracení Vomiting- zvracení Rescue breathing – umělé dýchání Chest compression – masáž srdce Recovery position – stabilizovaná poloha
First aid Call the fire department! Call for an ambulance! Get a doctor! Where is the nearest police station? There has been an accident. There are some injuries. There are no serious injuries. Ambulances will take the injured to the nearest hospital. We are missing several people. The government has declared a state of emergency. They were eventually (nakonec) rescued by helicopter.
First aid Does this hurt? Can you feel any pain? Is she breathing? She is unconscious and her breathing and pulse have stopped. Clean and dress the wound immediately. Don’t bandage the wound too tightly. Check for signs of bleeding. It is vitally important not to move a person with serious neck or back injuries. Hold burn injury under cold water for ten minutes and apply a non-stick dressing.