The history – British influence tribes: the Firbolgs, the Fomorians, the Tuatha De Danann, the Milesians, the Celts and migrants from Scotland united in five provinces for defence – Ulster, Connacht, Leinster, Munster and Meath 5th century St. Patrick’s introduces Christianity to Irish
1155 king Henry II of England - the Anglo- Norman conquest of Ireland the 14th century the English pass laws that prohibit alliance with the Irish - hatred and ineqaulity Henry VIII sets up the Church of England the War of the Roses - English authority limited to Pale –area in and around Dublin laws passed by the Parliament to rid Ireland of Catholicism
Organisations in Ireland – 19th C 1/ the United Irishmen - democratic republic in Ireland independent of Britain 2/ The Home Rulers - run its own affairs but remain a kingdom with the English monarch 3/ Irish Unionists - retain the Act of Union 4/ Irish Nationalists - nation forged out of the people living in Ireland
5/ Irish Republicans - create a self- governing republic in Ireland
Division of Ireland the Unionists demand that the north of Ireland is treated seperately from the rest of Ireland – succeeded RESULT: the Irish Republican Army (IRA) - killings and terroristic attacks 1921 a truce between the IRA and the British - 'Irish Free State' Internment set up to tackle down the IRA members – arresting innocent people
Recent times 1993 the Downing Street Declaration - the UK proclaimed it had no further interest in the Northern Ireland united Ireland is possible if a majority desired so. Even today, the conflict between the Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic is not solved
The Republic of Ireland Irish name: Éire occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland bordered by Northern Ireland surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean (the Irish Sea, St George's Channel and the Celtic Sea) a parliamentary democracy and a republic president: Mary McAleese
Ireland was one of the poorest countries in Western Europe joined the European Union in 1973 1995 to 2000 - period of high economic growth - call the country the Celtic Tiger The official languages are Irish and English
The patron saints of Ireland are: 1/ Saint Patrick -Saint Patrick's Day, March 17 -celebrated by the Irish in towns with parades, wearing the green, music, Irish food and drink -can dye rivers or streams green 2/ Saint Bridget 3/ Saint Columba
Literature of Ireland James Joyce - most famous work Ulysses William Butler Yeats Irvine Welsh - Trainspotting
Sport national sports are Gaelic football and hurling Hurling: an outdoor team sport of ancient Gaelic origin played with sticks called hurleys and a ball
The Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland Capital City: Belfast Highest point: Slieve Donard mountain 848 m Longest river: River Bann 129 km Largest Lake: Lough Neagh Giant´s Causeway - the North East coast, interlocking basalt columns - result of an ancient volcanic eruption
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.
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