Verbs followed by –to infinitive decide to forget to * help to hope to learn to need to offer to plan to pretend to promise to We decided to go to the party. Oh, no! I forgot to go to the dentist! They helped us to start the car. We hope to see him soon. I am learning to ski. We need to change the tyre. He offered to take me to school. We´re planning to get married soon. He just pretended to be ill! She promised to bring it back soon.
remember to* start try to* want to would like to Remember to write me soon! She started to cry. I am trying to find a new job. They want to watchTV. ! My mum wants me to be a doctor. I´d like to buy a new car. * Try and remember can be followed by –ing but the meaning changes. E.g. Why don’t you try sleeping with an open window? = experiment Do you remember meeting him? = remember smt after it happened
Negatives Compare: She promised not to tell the news to anybody. She did not promise to tell the news to everybody. She did not promise not to tell the news to everybody. They asked us not to worry about it.
Exceptions Start can be used with both the infinitive and verb +ing with no difference in meaning. ex. It started snowing. It started to snow. Make and let - use infinitive without to. Ex. Dancing makes me feel good. My parents do not let me stay out after dark.
Modal verbs will, would, should, must, can, could, might, may, shall Do not use infinitive! Ex. I will help you. What shall I do? Can I watch this movie? They would not like going there.
To be looking forward to -ing I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. They are looking forward to having a holiday soon. Are they looking forward to meeting me?
Adjectives + the verbs with to It is necessary to go there immediately. This mobile is so easy to use! It is important to call there as soon as possible. Hi! How wonderful to see you again. Do you ever find it impossible to understand his accent? They are always so pleasant to talk to.
Verbs + ing enjoy finish go on hate like love (don´t) mind spend start * stop waste time I enjoy flying. Has he finished reading that book? I have to go on studying. We hate drinking tea with milk. They like sleeping late. I love going shopping. I do not mind washing up. He spends hours doing nothing. I started painting again. Why did he stop talking to you? I just wasted time talking to them!
Grammar practice: –ing, to or nothing? a) What do you want ________ tonight? b) Have you finished ________ this book? c) We will not ______ by the car. d) Try _______ at the information’s desk. e) Do you always remember ________ your teeth before going to bed? f) Did you promise ________ home early? g) What do you like ________ in the summer?
h) When did you stop ________? i) Stop ________! I can´t hear the news. j) We decided ______ on holiday to Greece. k) She spent the whole day _______ in bed. l) She hopes _______ a doctor one day. m) I want you ________ a good time now. n) Try _______ a gum, it will help you. o) We are looking forward ________ you soon.
Speaking time Do you enjoy talking to your parents? How much time do you spend on the phone talking to your friends? Do you prefer getting emails to letters? What are you looking forward to? Have you decided yet where to organize your next birthday party? When was the last time you have forgotten somebody’s birthday?
What do you like doing in your free time? Tell us what house chore you do not mind doing? Is there something you have stopped doing recently? Do you find it difficult to talk to strangers? Have you ever pretended to be ill?
Practice time: Translate 1. Nabídl mi, že mě zaveze do školy. 2. Slíbil, že nám bude zalévat květiny. 3. Nezapomněl si mu zavolat? 4. Kdy začal sportovat? 5. Přestaň ztrácet čas chatováním na internetu! 6. Chodíte rádi na ryby? 7. Už jste dojedli? 8. Těšíš se na to, až ho znovu uvidíš? 9. Můžu ti ráno zavolat? 10. Moji rodiče mě vždy donutí uklidit si v pokoji.
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.