Prezentace na téma: "Revision of tenses Autor: Mgr. Alžběta Fojtů Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488."— Transkript prezentace:
Revision of tenses Autor: Mgr. Alžběta Fojtů Předmět Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488
Revision of tenses Present Simple = přítomný čas prostý Present Continuous = přítomný čas průběhový Past Simple = minulý čas prostý Past Continuous = minulý čas průběhový Present Perfect = předpřítomný čas 1. září 20132
Present Simple = přítomný čas prostý - pomocné sloveso DO / DOES v otázce a záporu - 3.os.j.č. –s v kladné větě - opakované, stálé děje - always, sometimes, every day, twice a week atd. Present Continuous = přítomný čas průběhový - pomocné sloveso BE (am, is, are) + význam.sl. –ing - pro právě probíhající děje a blízkou budoucnost - now, at the moment, tomorrow, this afternoon atd. Present Simple or Continuous 1. září 20133
Present Simple or Continuous 1.________________ (she / usually/ work) in the Sales Department in London, but at the moment ___________(she / do) a training course. 2.Linda ____________________(not/ wash) her hair every day. 3.Why __________________(you / always / be) late for school? 4.___________________________(your mum / often / listen) radio? No, she ______. 5.Why __________________(they / drive) on the left in Britain? 6._______________(Jason/ come) with us to the cinema tomorrow? 7.What _______________(you/do)? I _______________(bake) a cake. It´s nearly ready. Would you like a piece? 8.Excuse me. I think ______________________(you/ sit) in my seat. 1. září 20134 She usually works she is doing doesn´t wash are you always Does your mum often listen to doesn´t do they drive Is Jason coming are you doing am baking you are sitting
Present Perfect = předpřítomný čas - pomocné sloveso HAVE / HAS + PAST PASTICIPLE - 3.os.j.č. –s (HAS) - nové informace, to, co se odehrálo v minulosti a stále trvá - just, already, yet, since, for, how long.. atd. Past Simple = minulý čas prostý - pomocné sloveso DID v otázce a záporu - pravidelná slovesa – ed, nepravidelná sl. pro kladné věty - děje minulé, skončené - last.., ago, yesterday, atd. Present Perfect and Past Simple 1. září 20135
1.Last night I _______________ (lose) my keys. 2.He __________________ (already / visit) Paris three times. 3.________________(he/fly) to Scotland last holiday? 4.We ______________(not / hear) Robbie William´s new song yet. 5.How many countries ______________________(your brother / visit) yet? 6.My parents ____________(go) to the theatre a month ago. 7.________________(you / have) dinner with Michael yesterday? 8.___________________(you / ever / eat) an octopus? 9.She feels sleepy – She _____________(not / drink) any coffee yet. 10.______________(you / see) King´s Speech yet? Yes, I __________. I ___________ it yesterday. Present Perfect and Past Simple 1. září 20136 lost has already visited Did he fly haven´t heard has your brother visited went Did you have Have you ever eaten hasn´t drunk Have you seenhave saw
Past Simple = minulý čas prostý - pomocné sloveso DID v otázce a záporu - pravidelná slovesa – ed, nepravidelná sl. pro kladné věty - děje minulé, skončené - last.., ago, yesterday, atd. Past Continuous = minulý čas průběhový - pomocné sloveso BE (was, were) + význam.sl. –ing - pro probíhající děje v minulosti, popis situace - zároveň jdoucí děje Past Simple or Continuous 1. září 20137
1.John _______________________(take) a photograph of me while I ______________________ (not look). 2.I _______________________(walk) along the street when suddenly I _____________________ (hear) footsteps behind me. Somebody ___________________________ (follow) me. I was frightened and I ________________(start) to run. 3.When I got home, Bill ____________________(lie) on the sofa. The television was on but he ____________________(not / watch) it. He had fallen asleep and _______________________ (snore) loudly. I __________________________ (turn) the TV off and just then he _____________________ (wake up). Past Simple or Continuous 1. září 20138 took wasn´t looking was walking heard was following started was lying wasn´t watching was snoring turned woke
Short answers 1 Are your best friends sitting next to you? - No, _____________. 2 Does your father get up at nine every day? - No, ____________. 3 Can your little brother ski? Yes, __________. 4 Do you have to wear a uniform? No, ________. 5 Has he ever drunk champagne? Yes, ____________. 5 Did they buy a new car last month? No, ___________. 6 Were you travelling in Thailand last summer? Yes, ____________. 7 Was he playing the guitar when you came? No, _________. 8 Are there many girls in your class? Yes, __________. 9 Have they cleaned their rooms yet? No, ____________. 10 Do all Czech children have to learn English? - Yes, _________. 1. září 20139 they aren´t he doesn´t he can I don´t he has they didn´t we were he wasn´t there are they haven´t they do
Make negatives 1 Susan looks very good. 2 I am doing housework at the moment. 3 I read this book last month 4 Oh no! I have lost my wallet! 5 She broke her leg a year ago. 6 My mum can bake delicious muffins. 7 You were driving very fast! 8 My little sister could swim when she was five. 9 There is some goat cheese in the fridge. 10 We go swimming on Tuesdays. 1. září 201310 1.Susan doesn´t look.. 2.I am not doing.. 3.I don´t read.. 4.I haven´t lost.. 5.She didn´t break.. 6.My mum can´t bake.. 7.You weren´t driving.. 8.My sister couldn´t swim.. 9.There isn´t any.. 10.We don´t go..
Make questions 1 Her brother gets up very at 6 a.m. every day. 2 I am working at a hotel now. 3 He went to Australia last summer to see kangaroos. 4 He should eat only vegetable and fruit. 5 John has written three English essays today. 6 I paint pictures. 7 They have sold their house. 8 He is washing her skirt because it is dirty. 9 Kate Middleton wore a beautiful wedding dress. 10 I speak three languages. 1. září 201311
Make questions – key 1 What time does her brother get up? – At 6 a.m. 2 Where are you working now? – At a hotel. 3 Why did he go to Australia last summer? – To see kangaroos. 4 What should he eat? – Only vegetable and fruit. 5 How many English essays has John written today? – Three. 6 What do you paint? – Pictures. 7 What have they sold? – Their house. 8 Why is he washing her skirt? – Because it is dirty. 9 What did Kate Middleton wear? – A beautiful wedding dress. 10 How many languages do you speak? – Three. 1. září 201312
MIXTURE 1. What time (you / go) to school every day? 2. They (not / be) with us last night. 3. He (not / read) the newspaper at the moment. 4. My brother (not / see) a lion yet. 5. I (never / fly) by plane in my life. 6. He (not / play) basketball every Saturday. 7. What (you / do) tomorrow? 8. How long (it / rain) yesterday? 9. I (not / watch) football on TV 2 days ago. 10. (you / use) computer now? 11. I (not / usually / go) to school by train. 12. He (not / read) a newspaper when the visitors came. 13. (you / ever / be) to America? 14. We (not / sell) our car last month, we (sell) it last week. 15. (it / rain) when (you / play) football yesterday? 1. září 201313
MIXTURE – key 1. What time do you go to school every day? 2. They weren´t with us last night. 3. He is reading the newspaper at the moment. 4. My brother hasn´t seen a lion yet. 5. I have never flown by plane in my life. 6. He doesn´t play basketball every Saturday. 7. What are you doing tomorrow? 8. How long was it raining yesterday? 9. I didn´t watch football on TV 2 days ago. 10. Are you usingcomputer now? 11. I don´t usually go to school by train. 12. He was reading a newspaper when the visitors came. 13. Have you ever been to America? 14. We didn´t sell our car last month, we sold it last week. 15. Was it raining when were plaing football yesterday? 1. září 201314
Použité zdroje DOOLEY, J., EVANS, V. Grammarway 3. 1999. ISBN 1-84216-367-1. MURPHY, R. English Grammar in Use. 2nd ed. 1994. ISBN 0 521 43680 X. VINCE, M. Macmillan English Grammar in Context Intermediate. 2008. ISBN 978-1-4050- 7140-6. 1. září 201315 Všechny objekty použité k vytvoření prezentace jsou součástí SW Microsoft Office nebo jsou vlastní originální tvorbou autora.