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Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je Bc. Martin Krčmař. Střední škola hotelnictví a služeb a Vyšší odborná škola, Opava, příspěvková.

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Prezentace na téma: "Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je Bc. Martin Krčmař. Střední škola hotelnictví a služeb a Vyšší odborná škola, Opava, příspěvková."— Transkript prezentace:

1 Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je Bc. Martin Krčmař. Střední škola hotelnictví a služeb a Vyšší odborná škola, Opava, příspěvková organizace. Materiál byl vytvořen v rámci projektu OP VK 1.5 – EU peníze středním školám, registrační číslo CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ březen 2014VY_32_INOVACE_AGJ_ MODÁLNÍ SLOVESO SHOULD

2 Najděte slovesa, která radí, co dělat a co nedělat. Anna: What are you eating, Jack? Jack: I´m eating a hamburger and chips. Anna:Again? That´s not very healthy. Jack:I know but I really like hamburgers. Anna:Jack, you should stop eating things like that. You shouldn´t eat junk food for lunch every day. Jack: It´s cheap. So tell me, what should I eat? Anna: I think you should eat more vegetables and fruit. You should go and buy a cucumber salad or some apples, they´re not expensive. Jack:All right, I´ll buy some fruit tomorrow. Should I buy apples or tomatoes? Anna:Both is fine. And Jack, you should stop smoking too. Jack:You are right, I shouldn´t smoke. I´ll try to quit tomorrow. obr.1

3 ŘEŠENÍ Anna: What are you eating, Jack? Jack: I´m eating a hamburger and chips. Anna:Again? That´s not very healthy. Jack:I know but I really like hamburgers. Anna:Jack, you should stop eating things like that. You shouldn´t eat junk food for lunch every day. Jack: It´s cheap. So tell me, what should I eat? Anna: I think you should eat more vegetables and fruit. You should go and buy a cucumber salad or some apples, they´re not expensive. Jack:All right, I´ll buy some fruit tomorrow. Should I buy apples or tomatoes? Anna:Both is fine. And Jack, you should stop smoking too. Jack:You are right, I shouldn´t smoke. I´ll try to quit tomorrow. obr.1

4 Modální sloveso should Modální sloveso should používáme, když někomu radíme, co by měl nebo neměl dělat. (měl bys … /neměl bys …/měl bych...? apod.) Should je vždy následováno základním tvarem plnovýznamového slovesa. Výraz should + základní tvar plnovýznamového slovesa je stejný pro všechny osoby. Kladná věta: Záporná věta: Otázka: Krátká odpověď: I/You/He/She/It/We/They shouldeat more fruit. I/You/He/She/It/We/Theyshouldn´tsmoke. ShouldI/you/he/she/it/we/theyask the teacher? Yes, you should.No, you shouldn´t.

5 ÚKOL č. 1 Přiřaďte k problémům vhodnou radu. 1) My brother has got a bad leg. 2) We are always hungry after swimming. 3) This computer game doesn´t run well on my PC. 4) My parents are always tired. 5) This ham smells horrible. 6) I don´t understand my homework. a) You should prepare a snack before you go. b) They should go to bed earlier. c) You should ask your teacher. d) You shouldn´t eat it. e) You should buy a new computer. f) He shouldn´t go running.

6 ŘEŠENÍ č. 1 1) My brother has got a bad leg. → He shouldn´t go running. 2) We are always hungry after swimming. → You should prepare a snack before you go. 3) This computer game doesn´t run well on my PC. → You should buy a new computer. 4) My parents are always tired. → They should go to bed earlier. 5) This ham smells horrible. → You shouldn´t eat it. 6) I don´t understand my homework. → You should ask your teacher. Nyní věty přeložte.

7 ÚKOL č. 2 Doplňte do vět výrazy should/shouldn´t a vhodné sloveso z nabídky. tell brush read drink drink take get buy eat watch 1)It´s late. I think I _should go_ home now. 2)You ___________ this book. It´s great. 3)It´s my mother´s birthday tomorrow. I ___________ her a present. 4)You ___________ coffee now. It´s time for bed. 5)You ___________ your teeth twice a day. 6)It´s too far to walk to the disco. We ___________ a taxi. 7)Peggy had a nightmare. She ____________ horror films in the evening. 8)He ____________ the bread. It´s old. 9)I have problems with my schoolmates. OK, you _________ your teacher. 10) It´s raining hard. You ___________ an umbrella. 11) It´s very hot. We __________ a lot of water.

8 ŘEŠENÍ č. 2 tell brush read drink drink take get buy eat watch 1)It´s late. I think I should go home now. 2)You should read this book. It´s great. 3)It´s my mother´s birthday tomorrow. I should buy her a present. 4)You shouldn´t drink coffee now. It´s time for bed. 5)You should brush your teeth twice a day. 6)It´s too far to walk to the disco. We should get a taxi. 7)Peggy had a nightmare. She shouldn´t watch horror films in the evening. 8)He shouldn´t eat the bread. It´s old. 9)I have problems with my schoolmates. OK, you should tell your teacher. 10) It´s raining hard. You should take an umbrella. 11) It´s very hot. We should drink a lot of water.

9 ÚKOL č. 3 A) Napište otázky, ve kterých se zeptáte na radu, co udělat. Použijte „Should I…?“ 1) Larry is very sad. → (I/call him?) → Should I call him? 2) My jeans are very dirty. → (I/wash them?) → 3) The weather isn´t nice. → (I/take an umbrella?) → 4) We are going to have a party. → (I/invite Jack?) → 5) The sky is black and it´s very windy. → (I/stay in?) → 6) I don´t like my job much. → (I/find another job?) → B) Zeptejte se kamaráda, co dělat v následujících situacích. Začněte „Do you think I should…?“ You are in a shop. You are trying on some shoes. → (buy?) You can´t drive a car. → (learn?) You got a T-shirt for your birthday but you don´t like its colour. → (take it back to the shop?)

10 ŘEŠENÍ č. 3 A) Napište otázky, ve kterých se zeptáte na radu, co udělat. Použijte „Should I…?“ 1) Larry is very sad. → (I/call him?) → Should I call him? 2) My jeans are very dirty. → (I/wash them?) → Should I wash them? 3) The weather isn´t nice. → (I/take an umbrella?) → Should I take an umbrella? 4) We are going to have a party. → (I/invite Jack?) → Should I invite Jack? 5) The sky is black and it´s very windy. → (I/stay in?) → Should I stay in? 6) I don´t like my job much. → (I/find another job?) → Should I find another job? B) Zeptejte se kamaráda, co dělat v následujících situacích. Začněte „Do you think I should…?“ You are in a shop. You are trying on some shoes. → (buy?) Do you think I should buy these shoes? You can´t drive a car. → (learn?) Do you think I should learn to drive? You got a T-shirt for your birthday but you don´t like its colour. → (take it back to the shop?) Do you think I should take it back to the shop?

11 POUŽITÁ LITERATURA MATURITA SOLUTIONS Elementary STUDENT´S BOOK. Oxford University Press, ISBN MURPHY, Raymond. Essential Grammar in Use. London: Cambridge University Press, ISBN

12 CITACE ZDROJŮ obr. 1: Apple 5 Clip Art [online] [cit ]. Dostupné pod licencí Public Domain z:


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