Prezentace na téma: "Šablona:III/2č. materiálu: VY_32_INOVACE_AJ659 Jméno autora:Mgr. Petr Kubík Třída/ročník:3. r. Datum vytvoření:12. 1. 2014."— Transkript prezentace:
Šablona:III/2č. materiálu: VY_32_INOVACE_AJ659 Jméno autora:Mgr. Petr Kubík Třída/ročník:3. r. Datum vytvoření:12. 1. 2014
Vzdělávací oblast: Jazyková výchova Tematická oblast: Present Perfect contrast Předmět: Anglický jazyk Výstižný popis způsobu využití, případně metodické pokyny: Prezentaci lze využít při výkladu či procvičování předpřítomného času. Student se seznámí, popíše a vysvětlí případy užití předpřítomného času a rozdílu mezi jeho prostou a průběhovou formou. Seznámí se se základními výrazy, které se v předpřítomném čase používají. Rozliší stavová slovesa od dynamických a slovesný vid dokonavý od nedokonavého.Zároveň procvičí slovní zásobu na téma zdraví a nemoci Klíčová slova: Present perfect simple/continuous, experience, result, side effect, duration, state verbs, dynamic verbs, complete, incomplete action Druh učebního materiálu: Pracovní list + textový dokument
Present Perfect Actvity – continuous I‘ve been eating ice cream. I‘ve been playing tennis. I‘ve been riding a bike. I‘ve been skiing downhill. I‘ve been cooking. I‘ve been walking in the rain. I‘ve been cleaning my bedroom. Result – simple I‘ve got a sore throat. I‘ve twisted my ankle. I‘ve scratched my knee. I‘ve broken my arm. I‘ve burnt my hand. I‘ve caught a cold. I‘ve bruised my shin.
Actvity – continuous I‘ve been lying in the sun. I‘ve been chopping an onion. I‘ve been running. I‘ve been working on PC. I‘ve been swimming. I‘ve been moving furniture. Result – simple I‘ve got sunburnt. I‘ve cut my finger. I‘ve banged my head. I‘ve got a headache. I‘ve got an allergy/ rash. I‘ve got a stiff neck. Present Perfect
I‘ve been moving among a lot of people. I‘ve been playing football. I‘ve been drinking too much milk. I‘ve been arguing with my partner. I‘ve been eating some mushrooms. I‘ve got the flu. I‘ ve pulled my muscle. I‘ ve got diarroea. I‘ve got a nosebleed. I‘ve got food poisoning. Actvity – continuous Result – simple
experience, actions with results, numbers, complete actions Have you ever...? How much/many...? Have you... yet/before? How many times...? For what time...? already just yet for ever since recently before Present Perfect Simple they stand in the middle of the sentence after have/has in positive declaratives, ever in questions, yet usually stands at the very end in negatives and questions, as well as recently; before always stands at the very end. Present Perfect
for and since are followed by some period of time and stands usually almost at the end of sentence, they follow state verbs (be, have, see, hear, think, know, believe, understand, like, love, want, need, prefer, hate...) been = was away but is back now × gone = is away not back Where have you been? I‘ve been to town. × Where has she gone? She‘s gone to town. incomplete action, actions without stress on result = Present Perfect Continuous, they follow dynamic verbs (can express action) Present Perfect
Since – from a certain time point I have been ill since last weekend. × I have been staying in bed since last weekend. For – a certain period of time I have been on medicine for five days.× I have been taking the medicine for a few days. Present perfect simple (result, experience, state verbs)continuous (side effect, dynamic verbs) I have (drink)......... three cups of hot tea today.I‘m all wet. I have (sweat)...................in bed. It‘s the second time I have (have).... a sore throat this week. Why are you white on your hand? The doctor has (put)......... my arm in a plaster cast. How many times have you (be)... Ill this year?Why are you limping? I have (play)........ football... Have you ever (break)........ a bone? Have you already (take)........... the temperature? Why is she breathing so fast? She has (work)........... out in the gym. She has just (take) an aspirin.They haven‘t (feel)........... well since last night. He has (know)........ the doctor for many years.He has (keep).......... a healthy lifestyle all his life. She has (have)....... a headache since the morning.The pain has (trouble)........me for the whole day. Complete with the right verb forms and explain placing the sentences in these columns.
Present Perfect The key: I have drunkI have been sweating I have hadThe doctor has just been putting have you beenI have been playing Have you ever broken? Have you already taken? She has been working out She has just takenThey haven‘t been feeling He has knownHe has been keeping She has hadThe pain has been troubling me