Prezentace na téma: "Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu 21. stol. INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním."— Transkript prezentace:
Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu 21. stol. INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky.
Gerunds and infinitives ? to speak / speaking ?
Verbs followed by infinitive Afford, agree, arrange, ask, choose, decide, expect, help, hope, intend, learn, manage, need, offer, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, can't afford etc.
Change or no change of meaning? Try going to bed earlier and see if that helps. Jill's been trying to get a job since she left school, but with no success. Stop talking and get on with your work! Roger stopped to talk to me. Ann remembered to lock the door. I remember asking him to come for lunch. I'll go on loving you until I die. After seven years of study, she went on to become a doctor.
Change of meaning - practice I don't remember inviting him. Sorry. I didn't remember to invite him. I've tried taking the pills the doctor prescribed. I've tried to take the pills the doctor prescribed. I stopped to speak to Peter. I stopped speaking to Peter. He went on talking. He went on to talk. I don't remember anything. I didn't do something I intended to. I've done the action as experiment. I've made an effort to do at the doctor advised me. I finished and activity. I interrupted one activity to do another. He finished one activity and started another. He continued to do the action.
Test your knowledge: choose one option I aim – be, to be, being a millionare in the next three years. I hope – go, to go, going round the world before I die. I´ve decided take up, to take up, taking up hang gliding. I´ve taught myself play, to play, playing the flute. I fancy watch, to watch, watching a really scary horror film tonight. I really don´t mind do, to do, doing the ironing. I always finish eat, to eat, eating before everyone else. I seem be, to be, being unable to remember people´s names.
Right answers I aim to be… I hope to go… I´ve decided to take up… I´ve taught myself to play… I fancy watching… I really don´t mind doing… I always finish eating… I seem to be unable to remember…
Go on I insist on travel, to travel, travelling first class. My parents wouldn´t let me wear, to wear, wearing make-up until I was eighteen. I´ve consider join, to join, joining the circus. My boss makes me stay, to stay, staying late every night. I´ve tried learn, to learn, learning Arabic, but it´s just too difficult. I never offer lend, to lend, lending people money.
Right answers - I insist on travelling… - My parents wouldn´t let me wear… - I´ve consider joining… - My boss makes me stay… - I´ve tried to learn Arabic… - I never offer to lend …
Now the list only for experts - I really stop eat, to eat, eating so much ice cream. - I tend be, to be, being rather bad tempered early in the morning. - I want develop, to develop, developing new hobbies and interests. - I´ll never forge go, to go, going to my first disco. - I keep lose, to lose, losing my car keys.
Right answers - I really stop eating… - I tend to be … - I want to develop… - I´ll never forget go, to go, going… - I keep lose, to lose, losing…
Translate: - Dovolila mu odejít. - Měl bych raději odejít. - Donutili mě to udělat. - Zdá se, že je jí špatně. - Doufám, že budu zaměstnaný. - Rád bych vás o to požádal. - Je rád, že tam je. - Je těžké číst tvůj rukopis.
Right answers - She let him leave. - I´d better leave. - They made me do it. - She seems to be sick. - I hope to be employed. - I would like to ask you for it. - He is happy to be there. - Your handwriting is difficult to read.
INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.