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Autor materiálu:RNDr. Pavlína Kochová Datum vytvoření:říjen 2013 Vzdělávací oblast:Jazyk a jazyková komunikace Vyučovací předmět:Anglický jazyk Ročník:3.,4.

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Prezentace na téma: "Autor materiálu:RNDr. Pavlína Kochová Datum vytvoření:říjen 2013 Vzdělávací oblast:Jazyk a jazyková komunikace Vyučovací předmět:Anglický jazyk Ročník:3.,4."— Transkript prezentace:

1 Autor materiálu:RNDr. Pavlína Kochová Datum vytvoření:říjen 2013 Vzdělávací oblast:Jazyk a jazyková komunikace Vyučovací předmět:Anglický jazyk Ročník:3.,4. Téma:Political System of the Czech Republic Druh materiálu:prezentace s úkoly Klíčová slova:power, legislative, executive, judicial, elections, responsibility, court, constitution. Anotace:Seznámení studentů s hlavními fakty o českém politickém systému pomocí prezentace učitele, úkolů pro studenty, práce s internetem, zapojení receptivních a produktivních dovedností. VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

2 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Metodické pokyny: Studenti se seznámí se základním rozložením politické moci v ČR a průběžně vyhledávají odpovědi na otázky doplňující základní informace. Tento vyučovací materiál pokryje jednu vyučovací jednotku (45 min)

3 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ The Czech Republic is a parliamentary democracy. Power is divided into three branches legislative, executive and judicial. Its supreme law is the Constitution of the Czech Republic together with the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. 1. Since when the current form the Constitution has been valid? THE CZECH REPUBLIC POLITICAL SYSTEM

4 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ LEGILATIVE POWER It is executed by the Parliament of the Czech Republic, which consists of two chambers – the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. 2.Who is entitled to vote for candidates to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate? 3. Who can be elected a deputy or a senator?

5 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ THE CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES 4.How many deputies are there and how long period are they elected for? The election system is based on the principles of proportionate representation. A new Czech Government is established on the basis of the results of these elections. Members are elected as representatives of individual political parties, after their election the parties create parliamentary clubs in the Chamber of Deputies.

6 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ THE SENATE 5.How many senators are there and how long period are they elected for? Senators are elected according to the principles of the simple majority election system. The Senate works as a counterweight to the Chamber of Deputies, as an element establishing conditions for a better quality legislative process and as an element of Parliamentary continuity in the event that the Chamber of Deputies is dissolved.

7 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ What is the Chamber of deputies and the responsible for? 7. What is the Senate sponsible for? Give at least four responsibilities for each.

8 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ EXECUTIVE POWER It is executed by the President of the Republic and the Czech Government.

9 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ It is composed of the Prime Minister, the vice- premiers and the ministers. The Government is responsible to the Chamber of Deputies. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, who also appoints other ministers on the proposal of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the winning party at the election. 8. Name some of the ministries. THE CZECH GOVERNMENT

10 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ THE PRESIDENT The President of the Republic is the head of state and the supreme commander of the armed forces. The President is now elected by all people of the CR of age at least 18 once every five years. The President’s term of office begins when he takes his vow. No one can serve for more than two terms in office in a row. 9.What are some of the President´s responsibilities?

11 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ JUDICIAL POWER It is executed in the name of the republic by independent courts of law. During the execution of their function the judges should be independent and no one may threaten their objectivity. The court system is made up of the Supreme Court, Supreme Administrative Court, Supreme, Regional and District Courts. The Constitutional Court, which is made up of 15 judges, who are appointed for a term of ten years, oversees adherence to the constitution.

12 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ ŘEŠENÍ: 1.The Constitution has been valid since 1 January 1993, i.e. since the date the independent Czech state was established, as a result of the separation of Czechoslovakia. 2.Every citizen who is at least 18 years old is entitled to vote for candidates to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. 3.Every citizen of the Czech Republic, who is entitled to vote and is at least 21 years of age, can be elected to the House of Parliament. Who is at least 40 years old, can be elected to the Senate. 4.The House of Parliament is made up of 200 members, who are elected once every four years senators are elected with a six-year term of office. The elections take place every two years, when one third of the Senators are newly elected. 6.The Chamber of Deputies a.Discusses and approves laws b.A member or group of members is entitled to draft bills c.Decides on the appearance of the state budget d.Is entitled to declare lack of confidence in the Government e.Elects the President of the Republic during a joint meeting with senators

13 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ The Senate a. Discusses and approves drafts of bills, which it receives from the House of ParliamentProposes bills b. Expresses its (dis)agreement with international treaties c. Expresses its (dis)agreement with declarations of war, with residence of foreign armies in the Czech Republic or with the dispatch of armed forces outside the Czech Republic d. Elects the President of the Republic at a joint meeting of both chambers e. Expresses its consent to the appointment of Constitutional Court judges f. Only the Senate may file an action with the Constitutional Court against the President of the Republic for treason g. Submits proposals for the conferral or award of state distinctions The Senate is not authorized to make any decisions regarding the Czech Republic budget. 8. Some of the ministries are: Interior, Foreign Affairs, Defence, Justice, Industry, Commerce, Agriculture, Finance, Labour and Social Affairs, Education, Culture, Health. 9. a.Appoints and dismisses the head and other members of the Government and accepts their resignation, dismisses the Government and accepts its resignation b.Summons meetings of the House of Parliament c. Dissolves the House of Parliament d. Pardons and moderates punishments imposed by the court, instructs that criminal proceedings not be initiated and if these are initiated, orders that they be suspended; expunges convictions, is authorised to confer amnesty.

14 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ e. Is entitled to return an accepted law to Parliament, with the exception of constitutional laws f. Signs laws

15 VY_32_INOVACE_1.3.AJ3,4.11/Žž Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je RNDr. Pavlína Kochová CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Zdroje: Republic-Political-System


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