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Název školyIntegrovaná střední škola technická, Vysoké Mýto, Mládežnická 380 Číslo a název projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0374 Inovace vzdělávacích metod EU.

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Prezentace na téma: "Název školyIntegrovaná střední škola technická, Vysoké Mýto, Mládežnická 380 Číslo a název projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0374 Inovace vzdělávacích metod EU."— Transkript prezentace:

1 Název školyIntegrovaná střední škola technická, Vysoké Mýto, Mládežnická 380 Číslo a název projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Inovace vzdělávacích metod EU - OP VK Číslo a název klíčové aktivityII/2 – Inovace a zkvalitnění výuky cizích jazyků na středních školách Autor Věra Soušková Číslo materiálu VY_22_INOVACE_ANJ_3S3U1N_SO_29_24 Název American and British English Druh učebního materiálu Prezentace PowerPoint Předmět Anglický jazyk Ročník 3. roč. SŠ, 3. roč. SOU, 1. roč. nástavbového studia Tématický celek Konverzace: English Speaking Countries Anotace Výkladová prezentace zaměřená na americkou a britskou angličtinu seznamuje žáky s rozdíly v gramatice a ve slovní zásobě. Metodický pokyn Prezentace s využitím dataprojektoru na 45 minut. Instrukce přímo na jednotlivých snímcích. Klíčová slova Past simple, present perfect, prepositions, have, take Očekávaný výstup Žáci se seznámí s rozdíly mezi britskou a americkou angličtinou. Na základě těchto znalostí vyřeší daný problém. Datum vytvoření

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3 * Past simple * I can't find my keys. Did you see them anywhere? * A: Can I borrow your book? B: No, I didn't read it yet. A: Is Samantha here? B: No, she just left * Present perfect * I can't find my keys. Have you seen them anywhere? * A: Can I borrow your book? B: No, I haven't read it yet. * A: Is Samantha here? B: No, she's just left. In spoken American English it is very common to use the simple past tense in situations where the present perfect would usually have been used in British English

4 Past tense forms Some verbs have different simple past and past participle forms in American and British English: BritishAmerican Get gotgot got gotten Bust bust bust busted

5 Use of prepositions: AT x ON - used with many time expressions British English American English at Christmas on the weekend at five 'o' clock on weekends at the weekend AT x IN - when we talk about universities or other institutions She studied chemistry at university. X She studied French in high school. In British English, TO and FROM are used with the adjective different, e.g.: This place is different from/to anything I've seen before. In American English FROM and THAN are used with different, e.g.: This place is different from/than anything I've seen before.

6 Use of verbs have and take: In British English the verb HAVE occurs with an object noun which describes an action, e.g.: I'd like to have a bath. She's having a little nap. In American English, the verb TAKE is used in these contexts, e.g.: Joe's taking a shower. I'd like to take a bath. Why don't you take a rest now ?

7 Verb agreement with collective nouns: In American English collective nouns are always followed by a singular verb. Which team is losing? In British English both plural and singular forms of the verb are possible: Which team is/are losing?

8 In American English * DON´T NEED TO * They don't need to come to school today. * WILL * I will be there later. * SHOULD * Should we ask him to come with us? In British English * NEEDN´T * They needn't come to school today * SHALL * I shall/will be there later. * SHALL * Shall we ask him to come with us?

9 Student´s Task – 1 Look at the words in the table below. Match the British English words with the American English ones: Lift Taxi Chips Lorry Underground Autumn Truck Fall Subway Elevator French fries Cab

10 Student´s Task - 2 Dirty Dan Scotland Yard police are looking for a famous American bank robber called Dirty Dan. Dirty Dan robbed a bank in London last Friday night. They are interviewing three different people. All three have British accents, but the police know that Dirty Dan can imitate a British accent. Read parts of each of the transcript. Can you identify Dirty Dan from the language he uses?

11 Suspect 1 I already said this. I didn’t do anything special on the weekend. Friday night I took a shower in my apartment and then went out to see a movie. It was a movie I had already seen, Matrix Revolutions. I really like action movies. I went with my girlfriend Samantha. Suspect 2 I wasn’t in town at the weekend, and I certainly wasn’t anywhere near the bank on Friday night. I was at a hotel in Paris with a special friend of mine. Shall I give you the hotel phone number? You needn’t bother asking me any more questions. You’ve got the wrong man. Suspect 3 I’ve already said this. On Friday night I went to see a film at the cinema. It was Matrix Revolutions. I don’t really like action films, but my friends really wanted to see it. It was rather boring. After that I went home and had a nice hot bath. I went to bed around midnight.

12 Answers: Task 1 Lift – elevator, taxi – cap, chips – French fries, lorry – truck, underground – subway, autumn – fall Task 2 Suspect 1 is Dirty Dan. The American words and expressions are: already said this (British would use present perfect) on the weekend (British - at the weekend) took a shower (British - had a shower) movie (British - film)

13 Metodické pokyny k materiálu: 1)Materiál obsahuje výklad učiva týkajícího se rozdílů mezi britskou a americkou angličtinou 2)V materiálu jsou vysvětleny rozdíly v gramatice. 3)Na teoretickou část navazují cvičení sloužící k procvičení probraného učiva.

14 Sources: DBENBENN. [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: NEZNÁMÝ. [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: AUTOR NEUVEDEN. klipart [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW:http://office.microsoft.com


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