Prezentace se nahrává, počkejte prosím

Prezentace se nahrává, počkejte prosím

UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy Autor: Autor: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum.

Podobné prezentace


Prezentace na téma: "UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy Autor: Autor: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum."— Transkript prezentace:

1

2 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy Autor: Autor: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum vytvoření: Klíčová slova Klíčová slova: the UK - people and nationalities, political system, economy Anotace: Anotace: prezentace je určena na získání základních znalostí o obyvatelstvu, politickém systému a ekonomice Spojeného království Velké Británie a Severního Irska.Ve zpracovaném materiálu jsou také cvičení k procvičení.

3 Způsob využití: Způsob využití: určeno pro výklad a procvičení základních znalostí o obyvatelstvu, politickém systému a ekonomice Spojeného království Velké Británie a Severního Irska. Tyto znalosti je možno využít u maturity z anglického jazyka na středních školách. Číslo šablony Číslo šablony: VY_32_INOVACE_ANJ_09

4 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy PEOPLE AND NATIONALITIES  Population:  Population: total number of people in the UK - 60 million of people; persons per square kilometre; 91.5 percent of people live in cities and 8.5 percent of people live in the country.  Major Language  Major Language: English (official).  Minority languagesWales Scotland Northern Ireland  Minority languages:Wales - Welsh language; Scotland - Scottish Gaelic = 1 % of Scotland, 30 % of Scottish speak Scots language; in Northern Ireland – 7 % of the population in Northern Ireland speak Irish language.  Ethnic Groups  Ethnic Groups: e. g. Indian, Caribbean, Pakistani, African, Chinese, Bangladeshi, Arab, Polish.

5 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy POLITICAL SYSTEM monarch limited by the constitution  The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. This means that the official head of the state is the monarch, but his or her powers are limited by the constitution (ústava).  Parliament the House of Commons the House of Lords  Parliament is the supreme (nejvyšší) law-making body in the country. It consists of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.  The House of Commons has 650, they are elected and paid Members of Parliament.

6 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy POLITICAL SYSTEM  The House of Lords peers two archbishops24 bishops  The House of Lords is made up of hereditary (dědičný) and life (na doživotí) peers (aristokrati; lordi), two archbishops and 24 bishops of the Church of England.  The Governmentmajority in the Parliament  The Government is formed by the party which has the majority in the Parliament and the Queen appoints its leader as the Prime Minister. a team of main ministers  The Prime Minister appoints a team of main ministers as the Cabinet (about 20 people).

7 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy ECONOMY  The main industries  The main industries are steel, metals, vehicles, ship building, shipping, banking, insurance, textiles, chemicals, electronics, aircraft, machinery, distilling.  Important centres of industry  Important centres of industry are Yorkshire, London, Manchester, South Wales.  Agriculture  Agriculture - 30% of land is arable (obdělávaný) and the main agricultural products are grains, sugar beet, fruit, and vegetables.  British cattle and sheep breeding earn lots of money.

8 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy ECONOMY natural riches  Britain’s natural riches are mainly coal (black coal in Midland have world significance, this area is called also Black-land).  Next tin, oil and gas (in the North Sea), limestone (vápenec), iron, salt, clay, chalk, zinc and lead.  Major economic activities  Major economic activities are manufacturing and trade.  Main exports  Main exports: machinery, chemicals, clothing, cars, lorries, jet aircraft, ships, drugs, scientific instruments, arms, books, whisky (scotch whisky).

9 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy ECONOMY  The valid currency in Britain is one pound, which has hundred pence.  The best known newspapers and magazines in Britain are The Times, The Independent, The Guardian, The Daily Telegraph and The Daily Mirror.

10 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy ECONOMY television and radio broadcastingBBC IBA  There are two main public institutions ensuring television and radio broadcasting in Great Britain: BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) and IBA (Independent Broadcasting Authority).  The best known channels  The best known channels are BBC I, BBC II, ITV and Channel IV. There are also many local televisions, which brings local news, such as Grenada television in Liverpool.

11 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy CVIČENÍ Choose the correct answer: 1.Total number of people in the UK is ………. million. a)100 b)80 c)60 d)50 2. Parliament consists of ……… and ……….. a)The House of Representatives b)The House of Lords c)The House of Commons

12 UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy CVIČENÍ You will not use all information there. Fill in the gaps with information from the ellipse below the text to get correct statements. You will not use all information there. a)The constitutional monarchy means that the official head of the state is the………. but his or her powers are limited by the …………. b)The House of Commons has ……… members. c)The House of Lords is also made up of ………. archbishops. d)The………. appoints a team of main ministers as the Cabinet (about 20 people). Prime Minister600Queen constitution5army Monarch10 President 2

13 Zpracoval: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Bibliografie:   geography.html


Stáhnout ppt "UK – people and nationalities, political system, economy Autor: Autor: Ing. Vladimír Havlík Autor je výhradním tvůrcem materiálu. Datum vytvoření: Datum."

Podobné prezentace


Reklamy Google