Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy ANOTACE Kód DUMu: VY_32_INOVACE_4. AJ.11 Číslo projektu: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0114 Vytvořeno: listopad 2013 Ročník: 3. ročník a 4. ročník – čtyřleté gymnázium (RVP-G), Septima a Oktáva – osmileté gymnázium (RVP-G) Anotace: Vzdělávací oblastJazyk a jazyková komunikace Vzdělávací oborAnglický jazyk Tematický okruh J.R.R. Tolkien Tento materiál byl vytvořen jako osnova pro maturitní okruh: J.R.R. Tolkien na Gymnáziu a JŠ Svitavy na několik tematicky propojených hodin (pro výklad i opakování – shrnutí učiva). Obsahuje základní životopisné údaje o daném autorovi a jeho díle. Osvojené znalosti jsou ověřovány pomocí opravy chybných tvrzení o autorovi a jeho díle. Materiál je primárně zaměřen na dva poslední ročníky gymnázia, i přesto se dá využít i v nižších ročnících osmiletého i čtyřletého studia vcelku nebo jeho jednotlivé části. Pomůcky: interaktivní tabule
J.R.R. Tolkien John Ronald Reuel Tolkien born in South Africa in 1892 lost his parents rather early, his father died in Africa and his mother was diagnosed with diabetes, which was fatal in those days studied at King Edward’s School even at the young age, he was remarkably talented for languages, mastered Latin and Greek, was competent in other languages both modern and ancient and started making up his own language just for fun 1
J.R.R. Tolkien received a university degree at Oxford was particularly interested in Old English, Welsh or Finnish (especially poetry) fought in WWI but contracted trench fever and had to go back to London in 1920 became a lecturer at Oxford University taught at Oxford for about 34 for years, his post was important but not exceptional in 1928, while grading his students papers, he wrote the famous sentence: “In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit.”, which served as a basis for his influential fantasy book The Hobbit
J.R.R. Tolkien he started to work on the tales about the Hobbit, narrated many of them to his children at bedtime in 1937 The Hobbit was published and it was an immediate success the public soon demanded some sequel at this period, Tolkien became a good friend of another Oxford professor C.S. Lewis, an author of The Chronicles of Narnia Tolkien offered his publisher Silmarillion, a book of mythology of the fictional word of the Middle-Earth, but it was refused
J.R.R. Tolkien being encouraged to write a sequel to The Hobbit, Tolkien spent 12 years working on what is known as The Lord of the Rings. in this new work, the mythology of the Middle- Earth together with the stories of the Hobbit are mixed up the book became a bestseller not only in England but also in America it was so popular that readers kept asking Tolkien so many questions concerning the plot forcing Tolkien to change his phone number and address the book contributed to the revival of English fantasy literature
J.R.R. Tolkien although considered a single novel, The Lord of the Rings was published in three volumes: The Fellowship of the Ring (1954), The Two Towers(1954), and The Return of the King (1955) the book did not retell any legends or myths but created new ones set in a far-away world with its own history, inhabitants, language, customs and culture as a whole presents principles of friendship, love, sacrifice helped to reveal the existence of a great market for fantasy literature, popular not just with young readers but also with adults made into a successful film series directed by Peter Jackson: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Two Towers (2002), The Return of the King (2003): FILM TRAILERFILM TRAILER
Other works by Tolkien A Middle English Vocabulary Songs for the Philologists (humorous verses in Old English) The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and Other Verses from the Red Book Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-earth The History of Middle-earth series
The Hobbit a hobbit Bilbo Baggins is persuaded by the wizard Gandalf to leave his comfortable life and seek adventure with him and a group of dwarves. Bilbo should became a kind of burglar and help the dwarves regain their treasure kept by the terrifying dragon called Smaug on their journey to the dragon, they experience a lot of adventures: fight with nocturnal trolls, giant spiders, wood elves etc. when the group get to the mountain, Bilbo sneaks inside and steals a golden cup from the dragon΄s treasure
The Hobbit in rage the dragon burns the Lake Town to the ground and the humans demand their share of the treasure as a compensation the greedy dwarves refuse, which results in a military conflict eventually, the humans and goblins have to band together to defeat the evil goblin army after the battle, Bilbo returns to his Hobbiton and feels happy to live his comfortable and trouble-free life again.
Tolkien: Self-check Correct the following statements: J.R.R. Tolkien was born in England. J.R.R. Tolkien was born in South Africa. When he was young, he was interested in visual art. When he was young, he was interested in languages. He became a professor at Cambridge University. He became a professor at Oxford University. He specialised in Victorian literature. He specialised in Old English (especially poetry). He narrated the stories of the Hobbit to his students. He narrated the stories of the Hobbit to his children at bedtime.
Tolkien: Self-check Tolkien is also the author of the Chronicles of Narnia. Tolkien΄s friend C.S. Lewis is the author of the Chronicles of Narnia. Tolkien΄s fantasy books are set in the imaginary world called the Central-earth. Tolkien΄s fantasy books are set in the imaginary world called the Middle-earth. Both The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings series are read just by children. Both The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings series are read by children, young adults and adults.
Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Materiál je určen pro bezplatné používání pro potřeby výuky a vzdělávání na všech typech škol a školských zařízeních. Jakékoliv další využití podléhá autorskému zákonu. Zdroje a literature Obrázky: 1.AUTOR NEUVEDEN. Wikimedia Commons [online]. [cit. 21.8.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tolkien_1916.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tolkien_1916.jpg 2.STREBE. Wikimedia Commons [online]. [cit. 21.8.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Hobbit_- _title_page_of_first_American_print.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Hobbit_- _title_page_of_first_American_print.jpg 3.ZANASTARDUST. Wikimedia Commons [online]. [cit. 21.8.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:El_Se%C3%B1or _de_los_Anillos_lectura.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:El_Se%C3%B1or _de_los_Anillos_lectura.jpg
Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Materiál je určen pro bezplatné používání pro potřeby výuky a vzdělávání na všech typech škol a školských zařízeních. Jakékoliv další využití podléhá autorskému zákonu. Zdroje a literatura 1.DAUGHAN, David. J. R. R. Tolkien: A Biographical Sketch [online]. [cit. 21.8.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://www.tolkiensociety.org/tolkien/biography.html http://www.tolkiensociety.org/tolkien/biography.html 2.AUTOR NEUVEDEN. THE FELLOWSHIP OF THE RING J. R. R. Tolkien [online]. [cit. 21.8.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/fellowship/context.html http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/fellowship/context.html Veškeré hypertextové odkazy jsou platné ke dni vytvoření díla.