Prezentace na téma: "Passive voice Trpný rod vypracovala: Mgr. Monika Štrejbarová."— Transkript prezentace:
Passive voice Trpný rod vypracovala: Mgr. Monika Štrejbarová
Trpný rod vyjadřujeme, že nějaký děj byl proveden častější než v Čj v Čj rozlišujeme slovesný rod činný (aktivum) a trpný (pasivum) Made in This was made in...
Tvoření sloveso BE + třetí tvar významového slovesa o pravidelné sloveso koncovka - ED o nepravidelné sloveso – speciální tvar aktivum: People in Canada speak English. Lisa bakes wonderful cakes. pasivum: English in Canada. This cake yesterday. is spoken was baked
Tvoření zápor a otázku tvoříme stejně jako u slovesa BE zápor přidáním not, otázku změnou slovosledu This room isn´t cleaned every day. Is the room cleaned every day?
Trpný rod ČasAktivumPasivum Přítomný prostý They clean the room every day. People often eat chips. The room is cleaned every day. Chips are often eaten. Minulý prostýThey cleaned the room yesterday. They built these houses in The room was cleaned yesterday. These houses were built in BudoucíThey will clean the room tomorrow. Someone will inform you. The room will be cleaned tomorrow. You will be informed.
Použití zdůraznění, kdo děj provedl o This play was written by Shakespeare. není důležité, kdo děj provedl o This car was made in German. pevný slovosled: podmět – sloveso –předmět o The cup was broken by the dog.
Převeď věty do trpného rodu. Spielberg directed this film. The chef cooks all our meals. Picasso painted these pictures. They don´t produce these trainers in Italy. John didn´t break the window. Do they make paper from wood? This film was directed by Spielberg. All our meals are cooked by the chef. These pictures were painted by Picasso. These trainers aren´t produced in Italy. The window wasn´t broken by John. Is paper made from wood?
Doplň do vět slovesa v trpném rodě a správném čase. These books in (publish) The new bridge in (build) The room once a year. (paint) The dishes every day. (wash) My birtday cake two days ago. (make) This magazine every week. (not publish) were published will be built is painted are washed was made isn´t published
Převeď věty do trpného rodu. I broke my alarm clock. I didn´t eat my breakfast. I didn´t buy a sandwich. I cut my knee. I tore my jeans. The wasp stung me. The teacher told me to go home. My alarm clock was broken. The breakfast was not eaten. The sandwich wasn´t bought. My knee was cut. My jeans were torn. I was stung by the wasp. I was told to go home by teacher.
Převeď věty do činného rodu. My alarm clock was broken. The breakfast was not eaten. The sandwich wasn´t bought. My knee was cut. My jeans were torn. I was stung by the wasp. I was told to go home by teacher. I broke my alarm clock. I didn´t eat my breakfest. I didn´t buy a sandwich. I cut my knee. I tore my jeans. The wasp stung me. The teacher told me to go home.
Použité zdroje a literatura STEVENS, J. Anglická gramatika jednoduše. Praha: Grada Publishing, a.s., s. BELÁN, J. Průvodce anglickým jazykem: Co byste měli znát z anglické gramatiky. Brno: Didaktis, s. MURPHY, R. Essential Grammer in USE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, s.