NÁZEV ŠKOLY : Gymnázium Lovosice, Sady pionýrů 600/6 ČÍSLO PROJEKTU : CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.1073 NÁZEV MATERIÁLU : VY_32_INOVACE_3B_14_Welcome to Prague TÉMA SADY : Anglický jazyk ROČNÍK : 3., 4. ročník/septima, oktáva DATUM VZNIKU : září 2013 AUTOR : Ing. Naděžda Schánová
ANOTACE Prezentace je určena k opakování a přípravě k maturitní zkoušce z anglického jazyka, zejména pro žáky septimy, oktávy, třetích a čtvrtých ročníků gymnázií. Materiál může být stejně tak použit i pro mladší žáky. Welcome to Prague - je prezentace, která se snaží přiblížit hlavní město člověku, který přijede poprvé do Prahy. Žák by mu měl poskytnout základní informace o našem hlavním městě a dát mu praktické rady pro jeho pobyt ve městě. Vzdělávací materiál je koncipován jako rozhovor s cizincem. Bylo by proto vhodné, aby se jeden žák z dvojice při rozhovoru vžil do role žáka z cizí země (nejlépe té anglicky mluvící země, která je také součástí opakování k maturitní zkoušce) a předem si pečlivě nastudoval její reálie, resp. reálie hlavního nebo zajímavého města (podle osnovy, kterou požadujeme, např. poloha, počet obyvatel, politický význam, historie města, moderní stavby, sportovní zařízení, nákupní centra, restaurace, odpočinková centra (ZOO, kina, divadla)). Při střídání rolí si tak žáci mohou procvičit jak reálie Prahy tak dvou dalších světových metropolí. Prezentace pracuje s hypertextovými odkazy na stránky, které by měly žáky přivést k hlubšímu zájmu o poznání svého hlavního města. Jednotlivé stránky fiktivního rozhovoru jsou inspirací pro vlastní rozhovor, přičemž můžeme požadovat, aby žáci použili všechny/některé výrazy, které jsou v textu zvýrazněny purpurově (slovní zásoba) nebo purpurově s podtržením (památky, objekty). Pro procvičení slovní zásoby a reálií týkajících se historie a pamětihodností Prahy, můžeme využít také prezentaci Prague history I a Prague history II.
HTTP://WWW.PRAGUE-HOTEL-OPERATOR.COM/HTTP://WWW.PRAGUE-HOTEL-OPERATOR.COM/. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prague_old_town_tower_view.jp [online]. [cit. 22.8.2013]. Dostupný pod licencí Creative Commons na WWW: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Prague_old_town_tower_view.jpg/800px- Prague_old_tow n_tower_view.jpg
Your friend from abroad is asking you for help. Hi Peter. Sure, what means of transport are you going to take? Let´s consider all possibilities. Hi Jana, could you help me with my trip to Prague ? I might fly to Prague or to Frankfurt and then l´ll take a train or a bus to Prague.
Arrival at……… I am going to meet you there, but if something unpredictable happens, there are my instructions how to get to my place: If you arrive at Václav Havel Airport (originally named Ruzyně), you don´t have to take a taxi (it is very expensive). First you must buy a (transfer) ticket valid for 90 minutes and validate it in the stamping device in the bus. The bus takes you to the centre and you can get off at any bus stop where there is an interchange station to metro – the Czech underground. Then it´s quite easy to read the metro plan and choose the right line. (see metro plan: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Pragu e_metro_plan_2012.svg) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Pragu e_metro_plan_2012.svg
(There is also Masaryk Station (No. 2) in Prague. I don´t expect you to arrive there. If yes, metro station is there, too. ) If you go by bus, you probably get off at Florenc Bus station (No. 3) and the metro station is there as well. I am sending you some information about them and some photos: Main Train Station in Prague (originally it was built in Neo-Renaissance style by arch. Ignác Ullmann (1871), rebuilt in Art Nouveau style in 1901-1909 by arch.Josef Fanta) 1.ZÖRNER (PADDY), Patrick-Emil. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Praha_2005-09-19_Main_Station-00.jpg [online]. 9.9.2005 [cit. 23.8.2013]. Dostupný pod licencí Creative Commons na WWW: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Praha_2005-09-19_Main_Station-00.jpg/800px-Praha_2005- 09-19_Main_Station-00.jpg No. 1
2.SŠJŮ. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hybernsk%C3%A1,_Masarykovo_n% C3%A1dra%C5%BE%C3%AD,_od_Opletalovy.jpg [online]. 27.7.2006 [cit. 23.8.2013]. Dostupný pod licencí Creative Commons na WWW: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/thumb/3/30/Hybernsk%C3%A1%2C_Masarykovo_n%C3%A1dra%C5%BE%C3% AD%2C_od_Opletalovy.jpg/800px-Hybernsk%C3%A1%2C_Masarykovo_n%C3%A1dra%C5 %BE%C3%AD%2C_od_Opletalovy.jpg 2 Masaryk Train Station 3.ŠJŮ. http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:%C3%9AAN_Florenc-vchod_K%C5%99i%C5%BE%C3%ADkova.jpg [online]. [cit. 23.8.2013]. Dostupný na WWW: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/%C3%9AAN_Florenc- vchod_K%C5%99i%C5%BE%C3%ADkova.jpg/800px-%C3%9AAN_Florenc- vchod_K%C5%99i%C5%BE%C3%ADkova.jpg Florenc Bus station.3
In fact, there are more transport terminals (e.g. Smíchov Bus Station, Zličín Bus Station, Černý most Bus Station and others) If you prefer going over-ground, you could take a tramway or a bus. It enables you to see at least a part of Prague. In that case get off the bus at…. and get on tram No……. and get off at………… I would like you to travel also by special vehicles in Prague, too – funicular railway (dpp.cz > The Petřín Funicular | Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy) to the Petřín Hill (where there is a lookout tower built in the shape of the Eiffel Tower in a smaller size ) and a chairlift (dpp.cz > Chairlift at the ZOO | Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy) in the Prague ZOO. But It will be the plan for our trip the following days.dpp.cz > The Petřín Funicular | Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahydpp.cz > Chairlift at the ZOO | Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy It is a shame that I must warn you against the pickpockets. Keep your wallet and documents at a safe place.
Well, Peter that´s a great opportunity to introduce our capital cities to each other. Prague is situated in the Czech Republic in the middle of Europe, as you know. We say in the heart of it. It is the seat of the President, the Government, Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. It is a spectatular city as it lies on several hills in the valley of the Vltava river. Deffinitely, so let´s start with the location. The capital city of my country is……… and it is situated ……………….. Where does your capital city lie?
If I went to your capital what sites would you like to show me and why? Prague is a historical city, so it is a must to see the historical centre with its architecture. The architectural styles were changing with the time. There are buildings rebuilt in different styles many times – one example is the Prague main railway station. I would take you to………because……… ……………………………… And where are you going to take me to see as much of Prague as possible?
There are so many places worth visiting that I have to eliminate a lot of them. There are architectural treasures at so called The Royal Route (coronation route of Czech kings), the most beautiful sightseeing tour in the city. As you will see we are going to start our tour in Republic Square at the House at the Hybernians and then we´ll continue through Celetná Street to Old Town, the Little Square, Křižovnické Square, Charles Bridge, Lesser Town Square, Nerudova Street, we will pass Strahov Monastery, Loretto Square, go through Hradčany Square to St. Vitus Cathedral. I can recommend you the website below to study the city in detail and then see it in reality. That website is my favourite one. Go to home - Královská cesta.!!!!!!! If you want to read about the route, click on the link „texts“ and the underlined writing „The Royal Route“.home - Královská cesta
If you want to see all significant buildings along the route, click on the link „tours“ and the bird´s-eye view of Prague appears. You will see yellow plan of the buildings. To start at the beginning, move the cursor to the right hand side quadrant first ( the Old Town II ). Click on it. There are ground plans of the buildings. The darker beige colour indicates interesting buildings. Point at it and it will change its colour and the photograph of the building appears. If it is the one you want to learn more about, click on it and the photograph magnifies and the text will be added. I recommend you to have a look at these historical monuments: House at the Hybernians, The Municipal House, the Powder Tower, house At the Black Madonna.
Then choose another quadrant towards the bridge (Old town I) - you can click on it on the top bar, too. Now you are in Old Town Square ( Staroměstské náměstí ). The most attractive views are the house At the Stone Bell, Golz-Kinský Palace, Church of St. Nicholas, The memorial of John Huss, Old Town Hall, Clementinum. Now skip to Charles Bridge (registered along with the whole Historic Centre of Prague in UNESCO World Heritage List.) There you can study every single gothic statuary or statue by the click on it. Also Lesser Town Bridge Towers are worth attention.
Through the Lesser Town Bridge Towers we come to the Lesser Town and we will walk straight to the Lesser town Square, where in the middle there is one of the most beautiful Gothic churches Church of St. Nicholas in the Lesser Town square. We will carry on Nerudova Street. There are houses signed not by descriptive numbers but various signs ( you can find a house At……… Your homework is to find as many signs as you can). To help you, there is a house At the Two Suns where a Czech writer Jan Neruda lived between 1845 and 1857 and the Street was named after him.
Because more direct route to Prague Castle at the time of the coronations of the kings didn´t exist, we have to continue along Úvoz and Pohořelec to see a big complex of buildings on the left - Strahov Monastery (including a huge library). We turn back to Loretto Square. The dominant building is a large Černín Palace there (since 1930´s it has been the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs). The Loretto is situated opposite Černín Palace. We can wait here until the stroke of the hour and listen to the famous Loretto carillon ( made by Prague watchmaker using 27 bells founded by Amsterdam bellfounder.)
Now is the time to head to the Prague Castle along Loretta Street (Loretánská ulice). So skip to the quadrant called Prague Castle with the Entry Gateway of Prague Castle in the Hradčany square. Opposite the Gateway there is Tuscany (Thun-Hohenstein) Palace used by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. On the right (when standing in front of the gate facing Hradčany Square) there is Archbishop´s Palace and opposite are Schwarzenberg Palaces. To get to the Second Courtyard we go trough Matthias Gateway (with the first features of Baroque style). On the left there are situated Spanish Hall and Rudolph Gallery, used as State Rooms for state events, concerts and social gatherings.
Finally we get to the breath taking Cathedral of St. Vitus / St. Vitus Cathedral. It is the treasure of Prague historical monuments with number of treasures inside. Looking at the photographs offered on that page will convince you about that. I have got another surprise for you. Prague is also called The city of a Hundred – Spires.You can observe Prague from any tower (spire) in Prague (any bridge, any square and observe night Prague) as well, including St. Vitus Cathedral – virtually! Please get to the website: Úvod !!!! and try it ( nice view is also from the Astronomical Tower in Klementinum ). Click on Hundred-spired Prague and then on the „List of locations >“ on the right and choose one object. The video camera will take you around. You could check what you have learnt about Prague so far.Úvod
Peter, how many inhabitants live in your capital? I must admit that according to the size you won / lost. There live only about 1.5 million inhabitants in Prague. But according to the beauty it is at least tie. There live about……………. So, whose capital is bigger? You told me a lot about historical town and what about the modern city? Our capital is full of skyscrapers. The highest building is……… …
Prague is the metropolis with not many skyscrapers. Dancing house on Rašín bank of the river Vltava is the eye catching modern building. One of the dominants is The Žižkov Television Tower (transmitter tower) built in the end of the 20th century. A lot of new shopping centres have been built recently. In the town centre there is a shopping centre Palladium as an example of brand modern interior covered with original historical facade. There are many restaurants, and cafes there. But I suppose you to prefer spending free time doing sports or watching them or going to a concert. The most important venues take place at the multifunctional O2 Arena. It is the most modern hall of its kind in Europe with a maximum capacity of 18,000 spectators (the World Ice Hockey Championship in 2004 took place there).
Don´t worry, there are many concerts of classical music. Professional orchestras (Symfonický orchestr hl.města Prahy FOK or Prague Royal Orchestra and others) perform pieces from the Czech composers as B. Smetana (Vltava), A. Dvořák (Humoreska) as well as well known world composers as W.A.Mozart, A. Vivaldi, P.I.Čajkovski and others. Especially Rudolfinum and Municipal house have really beautiful concert halls. Churches perform music of its time, too, e.g. (St. Nicholas Church). We can also go to the National theatre or the Estates theatre or the State Opera Theatre But I am also interested in classical music.
The Prague ZOO is respectful for the successful breeding of the Przewalski’s horses. Most breeders of all kinds of animals can be proud of their work. You can learn more on Zoo PrahaZoo Praha There are many multiplex cinemas at big shopping centres such as Nový Smíchov, Slovanský dům, Atrium Flóra (there is 3D Imax cinema with the screen 14 meters high and 23 metres long, too.) You promised to take me to the Prague ZOO. Is it somehow special? And what about going to the cinema?
We´ll prepare such a trip plan which would suit you best. (I would like you to taste Czech beer at U Fleků, too). Please confirm your arrival to me to meet you either at the airport or at the station. There is another website you can enjoy on your computer before you come. Prague - City Of Sights – YouTube Bye for know. (Jana) Dear Jana, I am going to study the websites you recommended me and I am looking forward to meeting you in Prague and I hope we´ll have a great time during my stay there. Thank you. Bye. (Peter)
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