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 Anotace  Didaktický materiál je určen především žákům 4. ročníků maturujících z anglického jazyka. Prezentace obsahuje téma určené k ústní části maturitní.

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Prezentace na téma: " Anotace  Didaktický materiál je určen především žákům 4. ročníků maturujících z anglického jazyka. Prezentace obsahuje téma určené k ústní části maturitní."— Transkript prezentace:

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2  Anotace  Didaktický materiál je určen především žákům 4. ročníků maturujících z anglického jazyka. Prezentace obsahuje téma určené k ústní části maturitní zkoušky.  Očekávaný výstup:  Studenti by měli být schopni aplikovat získané znalosti jak v jejich ústním, tak písemné projevu.

3 HISTORY

4  THE PREMYSLIDS  CHARLES IV.  OTHER FAMOUS HISTORIC PERSONS  HISTORY AFTER WORLD WAR I.  ORIGINS OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

5  Bohemia was formed in the late 9 th century  The Premyslids (9 th century – 14 th century ) ◦ The first Czech royal dynasty reigned in Bohemia and Moravia  The first historical Duke was Bořivoj I. and his wife Ludmila ◦ They had a son Wenceslas  He was murdered and he became the saint and the patron of the Czech state

6  Wenceslas III. ◦ The last king of Premyslids  Luxembourgs succeed to the throne in 1310 ◦ The second royal dynasty

7  Charles IV. was a son of John Luxembourg ◦ He was the second king of Bohemia and he became the first king of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor  The most important king for Bohemia  His reign is called Golden Age of Bohemia

8  Prague became during his reign the imperial capital  Charles IV. founded the Charles University in 1346 and Charles Bridge  He rebuilt the Prague Castle and Vyšehrad  Founded Karlštejn Castle ◦ It is a large gothic castle about 30 km from Prague

9  There were put Czech crown jewels and other royal treasures  Founded a spa city Karlovy Vary  Extended his territories by marriages and contracts  Was married four times  Supported painting, sculpture and literature  Died in 1378 at Prague

10  Jan Hus ◦ Was a main Czech reformer against the Church ◦ He was burned at the stake for heresy in 1415  George of Kunštát and Poděbrad ◦ The King of Bohemia ◦ He was not from royal dynasty

11  Maria Theresa ◦ From Habsburg Dominion ◦ She had 16 children ◦ She was important because of her reforms of Enlightenment ◦ She implemented compulsory school attendance, reorganized government

12  World War I. ( ) ◦ Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and his first political activites abroad  28 th October 1918 ◦ Czechoslovakia Declaration of Independence ◦ The first president was Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk ◦ The capital was Prague

13  March 1939 ◦ Bohemia and Moravia were occupied by Germans ◦ After few months World War II. started  May 1945 ◦ The Red and US armies liberated Czechoslovakia

14  1948 ◦ Communist Party won elections and started „socialistic“ era  1989 November ◦ After the „velvet revolution“ Communists era finished  Václav Havel ◦ Elected the president ◦ Democracy started in Czechoslovakia

15  1993 January ◦ Czechoslovakia was divided in two sovereign republics  the Czech and Slovak Republic  The first president of the Czech Republic was Václav Havel

16  Slide 3 – 15 Vlastní tvorba  Zdroj obrázků ◦ astronomick%C3%A9-hodiny-21691/ astronomick%C3%A9-hodiny-21691/ ◦ republika-m%C4%9Bsto-m%C4%9Bstsk%C3%A / republika-m%C4%9Bsto-m%C4%9Bstsk%C3%A / ◦ %C4%8Desky-26900/ %C4%8Desky-26900/


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