Prezentace na téma: "Magdalena Fabiánová Jana Troubilová Tereza Vaculíková Gymnázium Brno, t ř. Kpt. Jaroše 14."— Transkript prezentace:
Magdalena Fabiánová Jana Troubilová Tereza Vaculíková Gymnázium Brno, t ř. Kpt. Jaroše 14
rupture – trhlina hotspot – horká skvrna (oblast zvýšeného toku tepla v zemském plášti) dormant – podřimující Ring of fire – Ohnivý prstenec to submerge – zaplavit spillage - vylití, rozlití inundation - zátopa, zaplavení watercourse - vodní tok column - sloupec, sloup engender - vyskytovat se, vznikat
Shake which is caused by realasing energy Ring of Fire Earthquakes: According to the depth of the focus: shallow, middle-deep, deep According to its cause: discruptive, volcanic, tectonic Richter scale, seismic waves The most destructive earthquake: Sumatra, Indonesia 2004 Thian Shan, China 1976 Haiti 2010 Japan, New Zealand 2011
Rupture Hotspots Blocked magma Different types of volcanoes 500 active volcanoes, about 50 of them erupt every year. Ring of Fire: two-thirds Nevados Ojos del Salado (6893ms), Mauna Kea (4206ms)- 5000 ms under the sea level in addition Vesuvius, Santorini, Mount Etna, Hekla, Stromboli
Tsu = harbor, nami = wave Occurence Wavelength:150-300 km, speed: 800 km/h Warning systems Japan – USA (18h) PTWC (Pacifik Tsunami Warning Center) Megatunamis The most destructive tsunamis Lisabon earthquake 1755, Krakatoa 1883, Chile 1960 26.12. 2004 southeast coast of Asia – over 300 000 dead
Causes of floods: Flash flood Inundation Dividing of floods: Natural floods Special floods Levels of flood activity: First level Second level Third level Danger of floods round the world A prevention Asia - river Ganges and Brahmaputra The Netherlands
tronada = a storm, tornar = to rotate a wind speed between 180 and 360 kilometres per hour South America – the most tornadoes 18 March 1925 Tri – state tornado June 1957 town Fargo, North Dakota Tornadoes in the Czech strength F2 (mostly) five times per year 1993 Spálené Poříčí (a region of Plzeň), strength F2 2004 Litovel, strength F3
The natural disaster is something which can not be influenced by a human in any way. It is an act of the nature. We can only try to reduce a human tragedies and economic losses. Our humanitarian efforts like charities are very important and creditable for those, who were affected.
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