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SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 LONDON Autor: Mgr. Kateřina Suková EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0154.

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Prezentace na téma: "SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 LONDON Autor: Mgr. Kateřina Suková EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0154."— Transkript prezentace:

1 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 LONDON Autor: Mgr. Kateřina Suková EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

2 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Tematický okruhAnglicky mluvící země – Londýn (výklad) AnotaceTento DUM je určen žákům 3. ročníků OA, EL, TL a STA. Hlavní město Velké Británie je zde přiblíženo studentům názornou formou. Za tímto DUMem následují praktická cvičení. Metodický pokynInteraktivní prezentace. Slouží jako výkladový materiál. Vede k většímu motivování studentů především díky své názornosti (fotografie). Druh materiálu prezentace Datum tvorby Číslo materiálu VY_32_INOVACE_Su1_9

3 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction – Watch the following video:  Have you ever visited London?  Have you ever been to any of the monuments you have seen in the video?  Could you name the monuments? London is the capital city of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It lies in the south-east of England, on both banks of the River Thames. Its area covers about 1.6 square kilometres. The total number of inhabitants in London and its suburbs is approximately 12 million of people. London is the seat of many important institutions. It is the main financial, administrative and entertainment centre. EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

4 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 HISTORY and ORIGIN The area of London was first settled by Romans in 43 AD and was named Londinium. In that period it became the main trading centre. In the Shakespearean era London became the prosperous capital city of Britain. During the Great Fire of London in 1666 AD most houses in the city were destroyed because they were made of wood. In the 19 th century (during the industrial revolution) London was the biggest and the most important city in the world. During World War II, in 1940, London was bombed and damaged by the German Army. In 2012 London is the first city in the world to host the Olympic Games three times. EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

5 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 PARTS OF LONDON The oldest part of London is called the City of London. This part was settled by Romans in 43 AD. Except for the City of London, the capital of Great Britain is divided into 32 boroughs: Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Camden, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Greenwich, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Kensington-Upon-Thames, Lambeth, Lewisham, Merton, Newham, Redbridge, Richmond-Upon-Thames, Southwark, Sutton, Tower Hamlets, Waltham Forest, Wandsworth, Westminster EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

6 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 PLACES OF INTEREST The City of London The City of London is the smallest part of London. On the other hand it is the oldest and most modern borough at the same time. There are lots of banks, offices of the multinational companies, and the stock exchange.  St. Paul´s Cathedral 1 - destroyed by the Great Fire in rebuilt again by Sir Christopher Wren Tower of London - used to be the royal palace of William the Conqueror - during Henry VIII´s reign it was used as a prison, and many people died there - nowadays it is a museum and jewel house - The Tower of London is guarded by Beefeaters  Tower of London 2 EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

7 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 Tower Bridge -opened on 13 th June meters long and 61 meters high -opens in the middle for ships to go through  Tower Bridge 3 EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

8 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 The City of Westminster The City of Westminster is the centre of the British government.  Houses of Parliament Big Ben 4 - also known as the Palace of Westminster - today it is the centre of the political life of Great Britain Big Ben  a nickname for the clock which was completed in 1858  it is famous for its reliability Buckingham Palace 5  -seat of Elizabeth II, the British queen -Every day tourist come to watch changing of the royal guards Westminster Abbey -coronation of most British queens and kings takes place here -princess Diana´s funeral place EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

9 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 Piccadilly Circus 6  -centre of entertainment, shopping, and nightlife -a small statue of Eros in the middle, lots of commercials around Trafalgar Square -in the middle there is the Nelson´s Column (named after the Battle of Trafalgar, admiral Nelson) Downing Street 10 -seat of the prime minister  London Eye 7 - a huge marry-go-round; you can see the whole London from its top National Gallery Soho - Asian quarter with lots of Chinese, Japanese a Indian shops and restaurants EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

10 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 West End This part is full of tourist attractions, museums, galleries, cinemas, theatres, and hotels. The most famous London´s park, Hyde Park, is located here. One part of the Hyde Park is called the speakers´ corner. It´s an open-air area dedicated to public and political speech and debates.  London´s Hyde Park 8 East End With the growing population in the 19 th century it became home for the poor. Today there docklands, and many poor people still live there. EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

11 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 Other places of interest British Museum – ancient archaeological collections Royal Albert Hall – various concerts take place there Madame Tussaud´s Wax Museum 221b Baker Street – Sherlock Holmes Museum Globe Theatre – William Shakespeare acted there Millennium Dome – a huge hall designed for the celebration of 2000 Covent Garden – a shopping area Oxford Street – the most famous shopping street EU peníze školám CZ.1.07/1.5.00/

12 SPŠ stavební a Obchodní akademie, Kladno, Cyrila Boudy 2954 POUŽITÉ ZDROJE: Obrázek London (pozadí): AUTOR NEUVEDEN. pixabay [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW:


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