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E RNEST H EMINGWAY : WORKS Mgr. Petr Kalus. Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy ANOTACE Kód DUMu: VY_32_INOVACE_4. AJ.20.

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2 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy ANOTACE Kód DUMu: VY_32_INOVACE_4. AJ.20 Číslo projektu: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Vytvořeno: Prosinec 2013-Leden 2014 Ročník: 3. ročník a 4. ročník – čtyřleté gymnázium (RVP-G), Septima a Oktáva – osmileté gymnázium (RVP-G) Anotace: Vzdělávací oblastJazyk a jazyková komunikace Vzdělávací oborAnglický jazyk Tematický okruhERNEST HEMINGWAY: WORKS Tento materiál byl vytvořen jako osnova pro maturitní okruh: Ernest Hemingway: works na Gymnáziu a JŠ Svitavy na několik tematicky propojených hodin (pro výklad i opakování – shrnutí učiva). Obsahuje přehled základní informací o autorově díle. Materiál je primárně zaměřen na dva poslední ročníky gymnázia, i přesto se dá využít i v nižších ročnících osmiletého i čtyřletého studia vcelku nebo jeho jednotlivé části. Pomůcky: interaktivní tabule, Internet

3 Hemingway and his works Principal characteristics of Hemingway's writing style: short and simple sentences repetition of words in the same paragraph dominance of declarative sentences very plain: seldom use of adverbs and adjectives master of dialogues “hard-boiled style”: forces a reader to read between the lines heavily influenced by his experience in journalism

4 The Sun also Rises depicts a group of American and British expatriates travelling to a festival in Spain (interested in watching bullfights) the main character: Jake Barnes, expatriate American journalist living in Paris a war wound renders him impotent he is in love with Lady Brett Ashley, an independent, twice- divorced woman notorious for numerous love affairs she loves Jake but she is unwilling to give up sex she leaves for Spain, where she has several love affairs and intimate relationships with other men Jake arrives in Spain and has an argument with his friend Cohn, who also had an affair with Brett the book finishes with Jake and Brett in a taxi discussing their ruined and frustrated romance

5 The Sun also Rises Themes The Lost Generation: having experienced the war, young people have no aims and beliefs and their lives seem meaningless Sex: its destructiveness, Brett as a symbol of a new liberated woman, Paris favourable to nightlife and promiscuous behavior Contrast between Spain and France

6 A Farewell to Arms set during the World War I main protagonist: Frederick Henry serving as an ambulance driver book revolves around romance between Henry and Catherine Barkley (Scottish or English woman) and examines how it is influenced by the war the characters try to cope with brutality of the war and want to leave it behind them Detailed plot overview

7 A Farewell to Arms Themes love at the backdrop of a war war as seen by different people: some characters try to get rid of the war, but seem naïve, others appear ambivalent war as an extension of a senseless and cruel world

8 For Whom the Bell Tolls the book draws on Hemingwayʼs experiences gained during the Spanish Civil War study the following resource to find out more and write a brief plot summary: For Whom the Bell Tolls

9 The Old Man and the Sea believed to be his masterpiece read by generations of readers one of the most influential books of the 20 th century belongs to the list of compulsory reading at secondary schools precious literary work in American literature won the 1953 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction the last novel published during his lifetime

10 The Old Man and the Sea main protagonist: Santiago, an aged Cuban fisherman an epic story about the struggle between Santiago and the greatest fish of his life Santiago unable to catch a fish for 84 days his devoted apprentice (Manolin) is forced by his parents to leave Santiago and work in a more prosperous boat Manolin feels sorry about Santiago because he considers himself to be his friend Santiago decides to sail farther than other fishermen with the hope of catching a big fish

11 The Old Man and the Sea he gets into the Gulf Stream and manages to hook a monster fish tries to pull the fish in and the fish pulls the boat Santiago struggles with the fish for almost 3 days, enduring tiredness, pain caused by fishing line he was bearing, deprived of sleep but unwilling to give up on the third day he succeeded in getting the fish closer and killing it being excited about the price of the fish at the market, he is also doubtful if people deserve such a great fish that was struggling for its life so much he sails back with fish but its blood attracts sharks

12 The Old Man and the Sea Santiago manages to kill the first shark with a harpoon but loses it in the fight with no harpoon he becomes vulnerable to other shark attacks but he does not give up and stabs sharks with a knife attached to an oar or beats them with the tiller of the boat by the time he reaches the land, only a skeleton of the fish is left Santiago is so exhausted that he goes straight to his shack and sleeps deeply the skeleton attracts the attention of other fishermen owing to Santiagoʼs three-day absence and the skeleton of the fish, Manio is worried about Santiago and gets so relieved finding him sleeping in his bed both of them agree to become partners again and start fishing together

13 Animated version Video version

14 Reading assignment Read The Old Man the Sea focusing on the following central themes. Try to explain how the themes are covered in the book. UNITY MANHOOD AND HONOUR PRIDE SUCCESS

15 Gymnázium a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Svitavy Materiál je určen pro bezplatné používání pro potřeby výuky a vzdělávání na všech typech škol a školských zařízeních. Jakékoliv další využití podléhá autorskému zákonu. Zdroje a literatura 1.AUTOR NEUVEDEN. ERNEST HEMINGWAY - BIOGRAPHY [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: 2.SPARKNOTES EDITORS. SparkNote on The Sun Also Rises. [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: 3.AUTOR NEUVEDEN. Ernest Hemingway biography [online]. [cit ]. Dostupný na WWW: ?page= ?page=1 Veškeré hypertextové odkazy jsou platné ke dni vytvoření díla.

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