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NÁZEV ŠKOLY: Základní škola Strančice, okres Praha - východ AUTOR: Mgr. Lenka Kulhavá NÁZEV: VY_32_INOVACE_3.2.2.2 O 06 TEMA: ANGLIČTINA ČÍSLO PROJEKTU:

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Prezentace na téma: "NÁZEV ŠKOLY: Základní škola Strančice, okres Praha - východ AUTOR: Mgr. Lenka Kulhavá NÁZEV: VY_32_INOVACE_3.2.2.2 O 06 TEMA: ANGLIČTINA ČÍSLO PROJEKTU:"— Transkript prezentace:

1 NÁZEV ŠKOLY: Základní škola Strančice, okres Praha - východ AUTOR: Mgr. Lenka Kulhavá NÁZEV: VY_32_INOVACE_ O 06 TEMA: ANGLIČTINA ČÍSLO PROJEKTU: CZ.1.07/1.4.00/

2 Anotace: Prezentace je určena k rozšíření znalostí o vánočních zvycích v Británii a USA pro žáky 2.stupně ZŠ. Může navázat na již probranou prezentaci Christmas 1. Žáci se dozvědí např. něco o stravovacích zvycích o Vánocích, o symbolech Vánoc, jako jsou jmelí, vánoční stromek a o dalších tradicích spojených s největšími svátky v roce v Británii. V další části prezentace se žáci dozvědí informaci o původu Santa Clause (Saint Nicholas). V poslední části žáci popisují podle obrázku, co lidé na obrázku právě dělají (present continuous) a co oni sami obvykle dělají před vánočními svátky (present simple). Prezentaci je možné rozdělit i do více vyučovacích hodin podle výše uvedených jednotlivých částí. Prezentaci je možno ukončit rozhovorem se žáky o vánočních zvycích ve VB (příp. u nás).

3 CHRISTMAS 2 Lenka Kulhavá


5 MISTLETOE It brings good luck to the household. It is also used as a sign of friendship and that's where the custom of kissing under Mistletoe comes from! CHRISTMAS TREE In the 16th century Martin Luther, a German preacher, was the first to bring a Christmas tree into a house. A story is told that, one night before Christmas, he was walking through the forest and looked up to see the stars shining through the tree branches. It was so beautiful, that he went home and told his children that it reminded him of Jesus, who left the stars of heaven to come to earth at Christmas.

6 Advent comes four Sundays Before Christmas. Its celebration originated in Germany. Two traditions have caught on in England - the Advent calendar and the Advent candle. The Advent calendar is a card with 24 or 25 doors. The doors are numbered 1-24/25. Door number 1 is opened on the 1st of December. The Advent candle often has 25 marks on it, a bit of the candle is burned down by one mark each day. In some homes, 24 candles are kept, one for each night from December 1. The Queen's Message - The tradition began in 1932 when King George V read a special speech written by Rudyard Kipling. Queen Elizabeth II continues the tradition on Christmas Day and the speech is heard by millions of people all over the world.

7 The Twelve Days of Christmas = December 26th to January 6 th. During the ancient 12-day Christmas celebration, it was considered unlucky to let the log in the fireplace stop burning. Another myth is that for every mince pie you eat over the 12 days of Christmas you will have a month of good luck the following year! Christmas Pudding is a very rich, dark pudding made with all sorts of dried fruits, nuts, spices, treacle and lot of sherry or brandy. Christmas Cake is very rich and dark and contains dried fruit, nuts, glace cherries, candied peel with black treacle. It´s covered with a layer of marzipan. Mince Pie = is made with mincemeat. It is a mixture of dried fruit (raisins, sultanas, candied peel), apples, spices, sugar often moistened with brandy or sherry, and baked in small pastry cases.

8 The Story of St Nicholas (the original Santa Claus) The real St. Nicholas was a bishop who lived in Turkey in the early 4th century. Many different stories are told to British children about Saint Nicholas. In the days when Saint Nicholas was alive, there lived a kindly nobleman. He had a beautiful wife and three pretty young daughters. But one day his wife became very ill and soon she died. He became very poor and had to move into a little cottage. Meanwhile his daughters were growing up and fell in love and wanted to get married. But they couldn't because their father was poor and he had no dowry to give them. Saint Nicholas happened to live in the same area. He had dedicated his whole life to doing good deeds. One night the saint came riding through the town on his white horse.That same night, the daughters had washed out their clothes and hung them up in front of the fireplace to dry. There were three pairs of stockings hanging right on the chimney. Saint Nicholas took out three little bags filled with gold coins. One by one he threw the bags down the chimney and they landed in the stockings of the three daughters. When the daughters woke up in the morning, they found their stockings filled with plenty of money and they were able to marry the men they loved. Over the years he has become known as Santa Claus and even his now traditional red costume can be traced to Coca Cola advertising in America. The tradition of hanging up the stocking is still followed in Britain.


10 Použité zdroje: MISTLETOE: [online] [cit ]. Mistletoe History. Dostupné z WWW:. CHRISTMAS TREE: [online] [cit ]. Nekonečný příběh. Dostupné z WWW:. ADVENT CANDLE: Red Advent Candle Printed with Gold (Each). [online] [cit ]. Dostupné z: CHRISTMAS PUDDING: In the kitchen: Christmas Pudding Puffs. [online] [cit ]. Dostupné z: CHRISTMAS CAKE: Christmas cook’s guide: how to make a Christmas cake. [online] [cit ]. Dostupné z: MINCE PIE: CHRISTMAS FOOD & DRINK. [online] [cit ]. Dostupné z: ST NICHOLAS: Junior City. [online] [cit ]. Dostupné z: CHRISTMAS: Merry Christmas. Bridge. 2002, 6, s. 7.

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