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British literature from Old English period to the present.

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Prezentace na téma: "British literature from Old English period to the present."— Transkript prezentace:

1 British literature from Old English period to the present

2 Anotace  tento výukový materiál slouží k osvojení znalostí nutných ke zvládnutí maturitního tématu British literature v angličtině a je určen k prezentaci na interaktivní tabuli všechny snímky jsou opatřený animací, čímž vzniká prostor pro interakci studentů a komunikaci v angličtině faktografické informace jsou v prezentaci ilustrovány fotografiemi, které se v některých případech objeví po kliknutí v okamžiku, kdy se o daném faktu hovoří v prezentaci; při následujícím kliknutí zase zmizí, aby nerušil v pokračování prezentace materiál je opatřen dvěma hypertextovými odkazy na stránku na snímcích číslo 13 a 15; první odkazuje na krátký animovaný film BBC o životě Charlese Dickense, na nějž se dostaneme kliknutím na obrázek; druhý odkazuje na krátkou prezentaci o životě a díle Oscara Wilda prezentace je koncipována tak, aby vzniklo co nejvíce prostoru pro aktivní zapojení studentů do hodiny

3 NÁZEV ŠKOLY: Gymnázium Lovosice, Sady pionýrů 600/6 ČÍSLO PROJEKTU: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.1073 NÁZEV MATERIÁLU: VY_32_INOVACE_5B_09_British.literature TÉMA SADY: Konverzační témata a specifická slovní zásoba z angličtiny ROČNÍK: oktáva/4.A DATUM VZNIKU: říjen 2013 AUTOR: Mgr. Lucie Kučerová

4 Old English literature  100-400 AD: the Romans occupied England and Wales  no written records of literature  oral tradition of Irish and Welsh folklore stories  400-1066: the invasion of the Anglo-Saxons, pushing the native British westwards  brought their own literature  poetry, religious texts; only fragments have survived  800 AD: Vikings settled in the north of England and parts of Scotland

5 Beowulf  Old English epic  8th century  unknown author  may have been composed in Denmark, the Netherlands or England as the hero is Danish  topic of war, women, wine and the supernatural  Beowulf kills frightening creature and becomes a king

6 Medieval literature  1066 AD: the Normans invaded bringing French language and literature with them  14th century: the plague kills a third of the population, the feudal system started to break down  16th century: Henry VII founded the Church of England  John Wycliffe, a Protestant, began to preach in English, his sermons are written down  1540s: dissolution of monasteries  libraries were burnt  many Anglo-Saxon and medieval works are lost

7 Geoffrey Chaucer  considered to be the father of English poetry  he was the first to write in English rather than in Latin or French  Canterbury Tales  a collection of funny and rude stories in verse  the imagined conversation of pilgrims going from London to Canterbury  mocked most sections of medieval society

8 The Elizabethan era Renaissance and Reformation  growing economical power and wealth due to wool trade  overseas explorations, prosperity, cultural activity  first English colonies in North America  1642-1651: English Civil War  the Parliamentarists vs the Royalists, Oliver Cromwell  The Restoration  the monarchy is restored under Charles II who returned from exile in France

9 The Golden Age of Poetry  Christopher Marlowe, Edmund Spenser, John Donne, William Shakespeare  King James Bible  the first English translation  John Milton  powerful, rhetoric poetry  pamphlets defending civil and religious rights  Paradise Lost  an epic poem based on the early stories of the Book of Genesis

10 17th and 18th century Enlightment  the Age of Reason  technical progress, all branches of science developed  Daniel Defoe: Robinson Crusoe  an adventure story  deals with the topics of repentance, economics and colonialism  Jonathan Swift: Gulliver‘s Travels  black humor, irony, satire  Jane Austen  her books revolve around the topic of the dependence of women on a good marriage

11 Romantism  topics of death, love, nature, the cult of the individual, exotic settings, sentiment, traditions  George Gordon, Lord Byron: The Childe Harold‘s Pilgrimage  the freedom of the individual as well as the nation  Sir Walter Scott  themes from Scottish and English history  Rob Roy, Ivanhoe  Mary Shelley  horror and mystery topics, “Gothic novels“  Frankenstein

12 Victorian Era Realism  affected by the Industrial Revolution  The British Empire expanded rapidly, society became more repressed and religious  books started to be read and bought widely  Charles Dickens  focused on bad living and working conditions  Oscar Wilde  witty conversation plays  Arthur Conan Doyle  detective fiction  famous for Sherlock Holmes stories  H.G. Wells  science fiction: The Time Machine

13 Charles Dickens  1812-1870  his books often published as series in newspapers  the master of descriptions, realism and comedy  his characters have strong, memorable personalities  some of the books have autobiographical features  Oliver Twist  an orphan boy going through the experience of a workhouse, chimney sweeping and stealing gang to be found by his rich grandfather  Great Expectations, David Copperfield, Little Dorrit  Christmas Carol  an allegorical Christmas story of Jacob Marley and three Christmas ghosts

14 Oscar Wilde  1854-1900  wrote especially poetry, fairy tales and theatre plays  The Picture of Dorian Gray  his only novel  the theme of beauty and decadence  a story of a handsome young man who swaps the soul with his own painting  The Importance of Being Earnest  makes fun of the need to behave socially proper  comic situation based on the confusion of double identities of the characters  The Happy Prince, The Rose and The Nightingale  fairytales, contain a clear moral lesson

15 20th century Modernism  the country became more liberal and democratic  influence of both world wars  James Joyce: Ulysses  one of the first examples of the stream of consciousness  a narrative of the characters‘ thoughts  T. S. Eliot: The Wasteland  a collection of poems  people are still trying to interpret them  Virginia Woolf: Mrs. Dalloway  interior monologue, shifting of non-linear narrative

16 Zdroje obrázků  NEZNÁMÝ. [online]. [cit. 23.3.2014]. Dostupný na WWW:  ZELENKO, Eugene. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  KELSON. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  FINNBJO. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  HOWCHENG. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  KELSON. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  ARKESTEIJN, Jan. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  CNYBORG. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  LOŠMI. [online]. [cit. 29.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  MODRA. [online]. [cit. 30.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  OCTAVE.H. [online]. [cit. 30.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  TOMER. [online]. [cit. 30.3.2013]. Dostupný na WWW:  Obrázky z galerie microsoft office, včetně webu

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